- The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics
- Notes On The Contributors
- Reproductive Technology
- Environmental Ethics
- Gender and Sexual Discrimination
- Race and Racial Discrimination
- Affirmative Action
- People with Disabilities
- Freedom of Speech and Religion
- Legal Paternalism
- Economic Justice
- Intergenerational Justice
- Corporate Responsibility
- National Autonomy
- International Economic Justice
- World Hunger
- Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
- Capital Punishment
Abstract and Keywords
Reproductive technologies enable a couple to have, or avoid having, a particular kind of child. Couples can learn much about some of the medical problems their offspring might have even before their child is born; and, in some cases, even before conception. These developments have had a profound effect in framing reproductive decisions. This article focuses the discussion on these issues, which arise directly from the convergence of reproductive and genetic technologies. But it also explores some important, and related, implications that convergence has for the other three groups of issues: the moral assessment of risks, the involvement of third parties, and the status and disposition of various reproductive materials. In examining these issues, the article distinguishes concerns about the products, processes, and reasons involved in the use of new reproductive and genetic technologies, an approach which is described here.
Robert Wachbroit is a Research Scholar at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at the University of Maryland's School of Public Affairs. He is also an Adjunct Associate Professor of OB/GYN in the University's School of Medicine. Wachbroit has written numerous articles in the areas of science and technology policy, philosophy of science, and medical ethics, including articles on the principles of disease classification, the challenges of genetic testing and diagnosis, the problems inherent in risk characterization and risk communication, the changing relationships between experts and the public, and the impact of the Internet on civil society.
David Wasserman (BA (Philosophy), Yale University; MA (Psychology), University of North Carolina; JD, University of Michigan) is a research scholar at the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at the University of Maryland's School of Public Affairs. His current work focuses on ethical and policy issues in genetic research and technology, assisted reproduction, health care, and disability. He has also written extensively about issues in procedural and distributive justice. In addition to numerous articles and book chapters, he is co-author of Disability, Difference, Discrimination (with Anita Silvers and Mary Mahowald, 1998) and co-editor of Genetics and Criminal Behavior (with Robert Wachbroit, 2001).
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