- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Introducing Inter‐organizational Relations
- Manifestations of Inter‐organizational Relations
- Transforming Industrial Districts: How Leading Firms are Escaping the Manufacturing Cage
- Inter‐organizational Relationships, Chains, and Networks: A Supply Perspective
- Alliances and Joint Ventures: The Role Of Partner Selection From An Embeddedness Perspective
- Policy and Implementation Networks: Managing Complex Interactions
- Collaborative Service Provision in the Public Sector
- Voluntary and Community Sector Partnerships: Current Inter‐organizational Relations and Future Challenges
- Inter‐organizational Relationships in Local and Regional Development Partnerships
- Temporary Inter‐organizational Projects: How Temporal and Social Embeddedness Enhance Coordination and Manage Uncertainty
- Technology Service Inter‐organizational Relationships: An Agenda for Information Technology Service Sourcing Research
- Theoretical and Disciplinary Perspectives on the Study of Inter‐organizational Relations
- The Social Network Perspective: Understanding the Structure of Cooperation
- Evolutionary Perspectives on Inter‐organizational Relations
- Transaction Costs Perspectives on Inter‐organizational Relations
- Critical Perspectives on Collaboration
- Managing Collaborative Inter‐organizational Relations
- The Social Psychology of Inter‐organizational Relations
- Political Perspectives on Inter‐organizational Networks
- Perspectives on Inter‐organizational Relations in Economic Geography
- Theories of Contract and their use in Studying Inter‐organizational Relations: Sociological, Psychological, Economic, Management, and Legal
- Key Topics In Inter‐organizational Relations Research
- Trust in Inter‐organizational Relations
- Inter‐organizational Power
- The Role of Social Capital in Inter‐organizational Relationships
- Learning and Innovation in Inter‐organizational Relationships
- Change, Dynamics, and Temporality in Inter‐organizational Relationships
- Intervening to Improve Inter‐organizational Partnerships
- Evaluating Inter‐organizational Relationships
- The Field of Inter‐organizational Relations: A Jungle or an Italian Garden?
- Name Index
- Subject Index
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the ways in which the law of contract has been used and might be useful in understanding inter-organizational relations (IORs). In virtually all instances, when the representatives of two or more organizations conclude that their organizations will collaboratively work together towards some set of common and individual ends, they have to reach an agreement. In much of the social science literature dealing with IORs, scholars appear to be assuming that these agreements are ‘contracts’. In discussing the construct of a contract, this article begins by exploring how this concept has been addressed in the social sciences. The focus here is on sociology, psychology, economics, and management. This article concludes with a discussion of an agenda for future research on the subject of contracts in both the social sciences and in the law as it relates to IORs and inter-organizational entities.
Peter Smith Ring has been a faculty member at Loyola Marymount University since 1990, and Professor of Strategic Management since 1994. Previously, he was an Associate Professor on the faculty at the Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota. Professor Ring has been engaged in the study of cooperative inter-organizational relationships since 1984. His research focuses on networks and strategic alliances, the processes for managing strategic alliances, the role of trust in inter-organizational relationships, and public sector-private sector collaboration. The results of this research have been published in a number of leading journals as well as in a number of chapters in research monographs. Professor Ring has been a Fulbright Scholar at Nanyang Business School, Republic of Singapore and a visiting research scholar and/or visiting professor at a wide range of leading international universities.
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