Reasons - Oxford Handbooks
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).
date: 29 November 2015

Abstract and Keywords

This article highlights some aspects of the role of human life that has often been misunderstood. Some of the misunderstandings come from the exaggerated expectations of rationality's enthusiasts, while others come from sceptical overreactions to that enthusiasm. It begins by reasserting, against the sceptics, the classical idea that as rational beings we are beings in the world responding to the world. The next section argues that responding to reasons is responding to facts, not responding to one's own construction of the facts. The much-misunderstood contrast between fact and value is touched upon, allowing a clearer view of the relationship between reasons and values. It further explains the importance of incommensurability. Finally, it draws the contrast between being reasonable and being rational. Rationality itself also makes space for the speaking, creating, constructing agent.

Keywords: sceptical, misunderstanding, rationality, reasons, value, incommensurability

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.