- List of Maps and Illustrations
- List of Contributors
- Historicizing the Cold War
- Ideology, Culture, and the Cold War
- Economics and the Cold War
- Geopolitics and the Cold War
- The Cold War and the Imperialism of Nation-States
- Soviet-American Relations Through the Cold War
- China and the Cold War
- Britain and the Cold War, 1945–1990
- Western Europe
- Eastern Europe
- Latin America
- South Asia
- The Cold War in Southeast Asia
- The Cold War and the Middle East
- Japan and the Cold War: An Overview
- Cold War Strategies/Power and Culture—East: Sources of Soviet Conduct Reconsidered
- Power and Culture in the West
- The Military
- The Nuclear Revolution: A Product of the Cold War, or Something More?
- International Institutions
- Trade, Aid, and Economic Warfare
- Cold War Intelligence History
- Internal Challenges to the Cold War: Oppositional Movements East and West
- Locating The Transnational in the Cold War
- Decolonization and the Cold War
- Human Rights
- Race and the Cold War
- Gender and Women's Rights in the Cold War
- The Religious Cold War
- The International Environmental Movement and the Cold War
- Globalization and the Cold War
- The End of the Cold War
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter, which examines the history of the Cold War in the Middle East. It explains that the Cold War in the Middle East was never a contest between equals and explains that Western powers always enjoyed a decisive advantage. Despite this, they were not able to retain outright control over the oil reserves and strategic positions of the region, and only succeeded in maintaining access to them through cooperative local regimes. This chapter also describes how the Cold War accentuated existing patterns in Middle Eastern geopolitics and how the great powers enhanced the ability of local actors to pursue rivalries.
Salim Yaqub is Associate Professor of History and Director of the Center for Cold War Studies and International History at the University of California, Santa Barbara.
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