- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Historical Phonology
- The Contributors
- Introduction: Key Questions for Historical Phonology
- The Early History of Historical Phonology
- Structuralist Historical Phonology: Systems in Segmental Change
- Phonological Reconstruction
- Establishing Phonemic Contrast in Written Sources
- Interpreting Diffuse Orthographies and Orthographic Change
- Interpreting Alphabetic Orthographies: Early Middle English Spelling
- The Role of Typology in Historical Phonology
- Computational and Quantitative Approaches to Historical Phonology
- Simulation as an Investigative Tool in Historical Phonology
- Using Corpora of Recorded Speech for Historical Phonology
- Exploring Chain Shifts, Mergers, and Near-Mergers as Changes in Progress
- Basic Types of Phonological Change
- Analogy and Morphophonological Change
- Change in Word Prosody: Stress and Quantity
- Tonoexodus, Tonogenesis, and Tone Change
- The Role of Prosodic Templates in Diachrony
- First Language Acquisition and Phonological Change
- How Diachronic is Synchronic Grammar?: Crazy Rules, Regularity, and Naturalness
- An I-Language Approach to Phonologization and Lexification
- Lexical Diffusion in Historical Phonology
- Amphichronic Explanation and the Life Cycle of Phonological Processes
- Individuals, Innovation, and Change
- The Role of Experimental Investigation in Understanding Sound Change
- Natural Phonology and Sound Change
- Preference Laws in Phonological Change
- Articulatory Processing and Frequency of Use in Sound Change
- Evolutionary Phonology: A Holistic Approach to Sound Change Typology
- Rule-Based Generative Historical Phonology
- Distinctive Features, Levels of Representation, and Historical Phonology
- Historical Sound Change in Optimality Theory: Achievements and Challenges
- Variation, Transmission, Incrementation
- Phonological Change in Real Time
- Historical Phonology and Koinéization
- Second Language Acquisition and Phonological Change
- Loanword Adaptation
- Languages, Families, and Dialects
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
So-called phonological ‘change’ is explained as generally due to non-convergent acquisition. Since acquisition leaves the source grammar intact, it is not appropriate to refer to it as ‘change.’ Since the acquirer has no direct access to the phonological properties of the source, the differences which arise do not depend directly upon that phonology. In this sense, ‘phonological change’ is not phonological. We explain the establishment of a ‘descent relationship’ between grammars and the role of phonetics and UG in non-convergent grammar construction with respect to phonologization, lexification, and related processes.
Mark Hale is on the Linguistics faculty at Concordia University. His research covers topics in phonology, oceanic, and historical linguistics. He is the author of Historical Linguistics: Theory and Method (2007, Blackwell) and co-author of The Phonological Enterprise (with C. Reiss) (2008, OUP).
Madelyn Kissock is on the Linguistics faculty at Concordia University. Her research spans issues in the phonology and syntax of Dravidian languages, particularly Telugu, as well as phonological acquisition. Recent work includes ‘Evidence for Finiteness in Telugu’ (NLLT, to appear) and ‘Markedness and Epenthesis: Evidence from Telugu and Polynesia’ (in preparation, with M. Hale).
Charles Reiss teaches in the Linguistics Program at Concordia University in Montreal. He is coauthor of The Phonological Enterprise (OUP, 2008, with Mark Hale) and I-language: An Introduction to Linguistics as Cognitive Science (OUP, 2008/2013, with Daniela Isac). He is currently working on basic logic in phonology.
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