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date: 20 November 2018

(p. xii) List of Figures

(p. xii) List of Figures

  1. 16.1 Labour and Conservative share of electorate, 1970–2005 291

  2. 16.2 Absolute difference in Labour and Conservative seat shares, 1970–2005 296

  3. 17.1 The Russian Doll Model 315

  4. 17.2 From Russian Dolltospider's web 318

  5. 19.1 The central state 351

  6. 20.1 Range of ‘lobbying’ meanings 370

  7. 25.1 Declining class voting, 1960s–2000s 467

  8. 25.2 Weakening partisanship, 1960s–2000s 467

  9. 25.3 Turnout at British general elections since 1945 475

  10. 33.1 Staying on rates (proportions) by parental income group 616

  11. 33.2 Degree completion by age 23 by parental income group 617

  12. 33.3 Average rank of test scores at 22, 42, 60, and 120 months by SES of parents and early rank position 619

  13. 40.1 Unemployment rates by ethnic group and age, 2001–2 744

  14. 42.1 The relationship between political participation and government effectiveness in thirty‐seven countries, 2004 775

  15. 42.2 Turnout in United Kingdom general elections, 1945–2005 777

  16. 42.3 Trendsinparty membership 1983–2005 778

  17. 42.4 The number of political actions undertaken in a year 780

  18. 42.5 Membership of organizations 783

  19. 42.6 Attempts to influence education, medical treatment, or working conditions 787

  20. 42.7 The relationship between indicators of participation and social capital in the British Election Study, 2005 793

  21. 46.1 Ratio of merchandise trade to GDP at current prices, 1913–2005 864

  22. 46.2 Ratio of British exports to the EU to those to the rest of the world 865

  23. 46.3a Origin of British imports (goods), 1998–2006 865

  24. 46.3b Destination of British exports (goods), 1998–2006 866

  25. 46.4a Origin of British imports (services), 1992–2005 867

  26. (p. xiii)
  27. 46.4b Destination of British exports (services), 1992–2005 868

  28. 46.5a Origin of British inbound FDI, 1996–2005 868

  29. 46.5b Destination of British outbound FDI, 1996–2005 869

  30. 46.5c British inbound FDI, 1996–2005 869

  31. 46.5d British outbound FDI, 1996–2005 870

  32. 46.6 Daily average foreign‐exchange turnover, 1988–2004 871

  33. 46.7 Equity turnover on the London Stock Exchange—UK and foreign holdings, 1987–2004 871

  34. 46.8a British in‐migration, 1971–2004 872

  35. 46.8b British out‐migration, 1971–2004 873

  36. 46.9 Britain's balance of trade in goods and services, 1992–2005 875

  37. 46.10 Britain's balance of trade in goods and services with the EU, 1992–2005 876