Abstract and Keywords
The demise of slavery in the Western hemisphere unfolded in a remarkably short period of time, in roughly 100 years. Yet, the various emancipations hardly realized the rosy scenario predicted by their most ardent advocates. The history of post-emancipation societies poses multiple questions — some unanswered, others the matter of continuing debate — about the meaning of freedom and the costs borne by different groups of historical actors. This article begins with a discussion of the ending of slavery and its aftermath. It then considers post-emancipation economic performance, and education and human capital formation in the post-emancipation period.
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