Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 22 February 2018

Abstract and Keywords

This articleanalyses archaeological evidence concerning the condition and developments in Phoenicia during the Iron Age II. It suggests that the Phoenician history during this period is aligned with the history of Tyre, which took the initiative in transforming Phoenicia into a commercial, territorial and colonial power. The article explains the causes of Tyre’s ascendancy during this period. These include the destruction of Ugarit at the beginning of the twelfth century BC, the decline of Egypt (which left Phoenicia free of administrative interference), and the absence of competitors in Levantine trade after the ‘crisis years’ that left the Phoenician cities in a position to resume the long-range economic strategy which had caused cities such as Byblos and Ugarit to prosper.

Keywords: Phoenicia, Iron Age II, Tyre, colonial power, Ugarit, Egypt, Levantine trade, crisis years

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.