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date: 21 February 2018

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the relationship between the Hittites of Anatolia and the people of the Levant. It explains that a new orientation of Near Eastern contact and trade emerged during the late third and early second millennia which made the Levant a crossroad of land routes and maritime contacts. This article describes the Hittite military intervention in Syria, the situation of the Ugarit under Hittite overlordship, and the Ura and the Hittite participation in Mediterranean trade. It also discusses the breakdown of Hatti, Ugarit, and the economic and political systems of the Levant about 1200 BC and identities the factors that contributed to the decay of Hittite control in the Levant.

Keywords: Levant, Hittites, Anatolia, Near Eastern contact, Mediterranean trade, Syria, Ugarit, Hatti

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