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date: 22 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

During listening, acoustic features of sounds are extracted in the auditory system (in the auditory brainstem, thalamus, and auditory cortex). To establish auditory percepts of melodies and rhythms (i.e., to establish auditory “Gestalten” and auditory objects), sound information is buffered and processed in the auditory sensory memory. Musical structure is then processed based on acoustical similarities and rhythmical organization. In addition, musical structure is processed according to (implicit) knowledge about musical regularities underlying scales, melodic and harmonic progressions, and so on. These structures are based on both local and (hierarchically organized) nonlocal dependencies. This chapter reviews neural correlates of these processes, with regard to both brain-electric responses to sounds, and the neuroanatomical architecture of music perception.

Keywords: mismatch negativity, statistical mismatch negativity, early right anterior negativity, musical syntax, auditory system, auditory perception

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