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date: 26 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Gender dysphoria (GD) is defined as the distress that may accompany the incongruence between one’s experienced or expressed gender and one’s assigned gender. Gender membership refers to an individual’s sense of self as male or female, and it is a fundamental component of our general identity, providing a sense of biographical continuity. The GD condition highlights the dichotomy and the contradictions of the post-modern society between anatomical body and gender identity. The psycho-social perspective maintains that the sex category assigned at birth is simply a first guess as to what identity we will later assume. Indeed, male and female are not seen as the only possible gender identities, and they need not to be regarded as mutually exclusive. This interpretation suggests that gender identity may be a more important marker of personhood and self-identity than anatomical sexual identity.

Keywords: gender dysphoria, gender role, gender identity, sexual orientation, identity, body

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