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date: 23 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Phenomenology as an approach emerges with the work of Edmund Husserl and was developed in original ways by Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Alfred Schutz, and others, to become one of the major philosophical movements of the twentieth century. Phenomenology begins from the recognition that conscious life is intentional, that is, that all conscious awareness is directed at something, and that there is a complex correlation between the subjective act and the object apprehended, such that the object is said to be “constituted” by the subject. In order to lay bare this intentional constitution, phenomenologists apply a procedure of bracketing or phenomenological reduction that strips away presuppositions embedded in the natural attitude. Phenomenology has wide application not just in philosophy but in psychology and psychiatry. In recent years, phenomenology’s stress on the embodied character of life in the context of a life-world has had a major impact on cognitive science.

Keywords: phenomenology, intentionality, subjectivity, first-person, embodiment, life-world

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