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date: 18 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Phenomenology, naturalism, and the neuro-sciences: their relationship poses several challenges. Current techniques to study brain functioning (e.g. refined neuroimaging devices) promise to reshape research programs in both cognitive sciences and psychopathology. But should naturalization of psychopathological research dismiss phenomenology, or should phenomenology be integrated with neuroscientific research? Is this an enrichment through interdisciplinary dialogue or a covert form of reductionism? After surveying the several meanings of phenomenology, naturalism, and the neurosciences, the chapter discusses the way current cognitive neurosciences operate, focusing on their key techniques, possibilities, and limitations. The neurophenomenological movement is then analyzed, showing that there are differences between the various proposals of naturalization of phenomenology. Neurophenomenology is discussed not only in opposition to Husserl’s original stance, but also in its proper role within the sciences of mind. Finally, the persistence within neurophenomenology of some reductionism is highlighted, suggesting the need for a more comprehensive hermeneutics within phenomenological psychopathology.

Keywords: phenomenology, hermeneutics, naturalism, neurophenomenology, neuroimaging, cognitive sciences, psychopathology, interdisciplinary dialogue

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