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date: 21 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the relation, if any, between delusion and schizophrenia. The concept of delusion belongs to the semantic universe of psychopathology, whereas the concept of schizophrenia is concerned with that of nosography. In his 1889 work, Kraepelin brought together disparate syndromes, including hebephrenia and delusional syndromes, under the name of Dementia Praecox on the basis of similar outcomes. The chapter first considers some of the studies that have been undertaken to investigate the outcomes of the illness described by Kraepelin, focusing in particular on E. Bleuler’s (1911) concept of “group of schizophrenias” and K. Schneider’s claim that a diagnosis of schizophrenia is a diagnosis of the state and not of the course, and that it is to be founded on Jaspersian psychopathology. The role of autism (not delusions) as the core of schizophrenia is also discussed, along with the fundamental characteristics of schizophrenic delusions.

Keywords: delusion, schizophrenia, psychopathology, nosography, Dementia Praecox, delusional syndromes, group of schizophrenias, Jaspersian psychopathology, autism, schizophrenic delusion

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