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date: 20 March 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The ability to engage in nocturnal household activities influences human interactions with each other and the urban environment. The illumination of Pompeian households, through both natural and artificial means, had an impact on architectural proportions, decoration, and the organization and use of space. The Roman period witnessed dramatic increases in the scale of consumption for all types of goods and services throughout the empire. This was also the case for the consumption of artificial light, where there is abundant evidence for lighting devices, especially from Pompeian households, but also for the supply of lamp fuel through the presence of olive oil amphora at most Roman sites throughout the Mediterranean. This chapter presents the contextual analysis of the use of artificial light at ten households in Pompeii in 79 ce.

Keywords: artificial light, commercial activities, decoration, domestic, fuel, lighting devices and equipment, olive oil, seasonal, social interaction

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