- Light, Human Evolution, and the Palaeolithic
- The Role of Darkness in Ancient Greek Religion and Religious Practice
- Darkness and the Imagination: The Role of Environment in the Development of Spiritual Beliefs
- Rediscovering the Winter Solstice Alignment at Newgrange, Ireland
- Light and Shadow Effects in Megalithic Monuments in the Iberian Peninsula
- Sunlight, Divination, and the Dead in Aegean Ritual Tradition
- Illuminating Triangulations: Moonlight and the Mississippian World
- The Chacoan World: Light and Shadow, Stone and Sky
- Animate Shadows of Bears and Giants
- The Beautiful Face of Ra: The Role of Sunlight in the Architecture of Ancient Egypt
- The Handling of Light: Its Effect on Form and Space in the Greek Temple and the Byzantine Church
- In Visible Presence: The Role of Light in Shaping Religious Atmospheres
- Lighting in Muslim and Christian Religious Buildings: A Comparative Study
- Prehistoric Light in the Air: Celestial Symbols of the Bronze Age
- Phenomenology of Light: The Glitter of Salvation in Bessarion’s Cross
- The Light of the Flame: Use and Symbolism of Light and Lighting Devices in Traditional Greek Culture
- Encountering Photoamulets and the Use of Apotropaic Light in Late Antiquity
- Visibility, Privacy, and Missing Windows: Lighting Domestic Space in Ancient Mesopotamia
- Lighting the Good Life: The Role of Light in the Aristocratic Housing System duringLate Antiquity
- Thirty Days of Night: The Role of Light and Shadow in Inuit Architecture, North of the Arctic Circle
- Household Consumption of Artificial Light at Pompeii
- Industrializing Light: The Development and Deployment of Artificial Lighting in Early Factories
- Materializing Light, Making Worlds: Optical Image Projection within the Megalithic Passage Tombs of Britain and Ireland
- Lighting in Reconstructed Contexts: Experiential Archaeology with Pyrotechnologies
- Çatalhöyük: A Study of Light and Darkness—A Photo-essay
- Light and its Interaction with Antiquities and Works of Art: A Conservator’s Perspective
- Lighting and Museum Exhibits
- Modalities of Meaning: Light and Shadow in Archaeological Images
- Reconstructing Artificial Light in Ancient Greece
- The Eleusinian Projector: The Hierophant’s Optical Method of Conjuring the Goddess
- Constructing the Invisible: Light and Darkness in the Topography of Hades
Abstract and Keywords
The extended periods of daylight and darkness that characterize Arctic and Antarctic regions make them unique places on earth. At a location 250km north of the Arctic Circle, for example, polar night can last for upwards of 30 days during the winter months. These periods of darkness become increasingly longer as one moves to higher latitudes. It is therefore surprising that comparatively little research has explored how historic Inuit societies and their predecessors adapted to the challenges posed by these extremesThis is especially pertinent given that winter was a time for manufacturing, repairing, and maintaining hide clothing and a plethora of tools used for animal harvesting activities. Recent computer simulations of illumination levels within pre-contact Inuit dwellings demonstrate that lighting may have been strategically used to make interior spaces appear larger, to enhance the metaphorical associations of dwellings with sea mammals, and to facilitate the completion of complex tasks.
Dr. Peter Dawson is a Professor in the Department of Anthropology and Archaeology at the University of Calgary, and a Research Associate at the Arctic Institute of North America. He has conducted archaeological fieldwork in the Canadian Arctic for over 20 years. His research interests include the digital preservation of polar heritage at risk, 3D visualization of archaeological data, and the archaeology of the Kivalliq District of Nunavut. His work has been published in such journals as Journal of Archaeological Science, Journal of Field Archaeology, World Archaeology, IEEE Computer Graphics, and Journal of Social Archaeology.
Dr. Richard Levy is Professor of Planning and Urban Design at The University of Calgary. Dr. Levy also serves as Director of Computing for the Faculty of Environmental Design and is Adjunct Professor in the Department of Computer Science. Dr. Levy is a founding member of the Virtual Reality Lab, and is a Co-Director of the Computational Media Design program at the University of Calgary. He has worked extensively with Dawson on a variety of projects over the past decade, including the 3D laser scanning of Fort Conger, a heritage site of national and international significance on northeastern Ellesmere Island in the Canadian High Arctic, and designing computer games that simulate 19th century polar science.
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