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date: 14 November 2018

Abstract and Keywords

Sentences convey aspects of meaning, such as thematic roles, that are critical to the power of language as an instrument of thought and communication. These aspects of meaning are determined by the syntactic structure of a sentence. People with aphasia often have difficulty producing and/or understanding sentences. Most of the research into these disorders focuses on their abilities to construct syntactic structures, which have been shown to be impaired in both production and comprehension. This chapter reviews the major manifestations of these disorders, accounts of the processing abnormalities that produce them, and the location of lesions that are associated with them. It reviews the two major manifestations of disorders of syntactic production—agrammatism and paragrammatism—and discusses the leading models of the deficits that underlie these disorders.

Keywords: sentences, syntactic structure, thematic roles, agrammatic comprehension, agrammatism, paragrammatism

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