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date: 18 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter outlines the components of BCA and how to utilize it effectively in DBT. As a third wave behavioural treatment, dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) has its roots in behaviourism. As such, one of the critical strategies in DBT is functional assessment. Behavioural chain analysis (BCA), or chain analysis, is a functional assessment tool used in DBT. BCA helps the therapist and client collaboratively understand all of the steps that led to a problem behaviour (i.e., prompting events, thoughts, emotions) and the consequences that followed. Understanding these controlling variables allows for identification of solutions and learning problem solving. While this functional assessment is not unique to DBT, other nuances described in this chapter are more specific to DBT, such as the focus on emotion and the use of the therapist as a source of reinforcement.

Keywords: behavioural chain analysis, BCA, functional assessment, dialectical behaviour therapy, DBT

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