Abstract and Keywords
While this chapter considers the significant differences between the Central and Eastern European countries, their common pasts of centrally planned economies and difficulty of transitioning to a market economy justifies reviewing their intellectual property (IP) laws together. The overwhelming majority of these countries are party to the treaties—as well as EU directives—which determine the basic elements of their national IP laws. Nevertheless, certain features of their former “socialist” IP systems may also play a part in, for example, their regulation of original ownership and transferability of rights; their contractual and tariff systems; and their organizational structures, particularly in the field of collective management of copyright. Other specific features have also emerged as a result of the difficult transition processes, such as higher levels of counterfeiting and piracy.
Keywords: Socialist IP systems, ideology and law, transition economy, industrial property rights, copyright and related rights, transfer of rights and IP contracts, IP administration, collective management of copyright, counterfeiting and piracy, enforcement of rights
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