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date: 23 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter considers Heidegger’s attempt to construct a phenomenological metaphysics between the years 1927 and 1934. It begins with some reflections on the relation between transcendental phenomenology and metaphysics in order to clarify Heidegger’s definition of metaphysics as “metontology” in contrast to then-current philosophical anthropology. Reflection on the concept of world, at issue in both, shows the stress fractures in Heidegger’s understanding of metaphysics. The chapter considers Heidegger’s Leibnizian way of negotiating these fractures in his reflection on the animal, which provides the basis for his understanding of the Volk, which, the chapter argues, is the target toward which his attempt at a phenomenological metaphysics aims. The collapse of Heidegger’s intervention in German politics and the collapse of his metaphysical project are thus intimately related.

Keywords: metaphysics, transcendental philosophy, metontology, world, transcendence, philosophical anthropology, Husserl, Leibniz, life, national socialism

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