- The Oxford Handbook of Buddhist Ethics
- List of Abbreviations
- List of Contributors
- The Bodhisattva Precepts
- Ethics, Meditation, and Wisdom
- Moral Development in the <i>Jātaka</i>s, <i>Avadāna</i>s, and Pāli <i>Nikāya</i>s
- The <i>Vinaya</i>
- <i>Bhikṣuṇī</i> Ordination
- The Changing Way of the Bodhisattva: Superheroes, Saints, and Social Workers
- Madhyamaka Ethics
- Ethics in Pure Land Schools
- A Perspective on Ethics in the <i>Lotus Sūtra</i>
- Ethics in Zen
- Tantric Ethics
- Buddhist Ethics in South and Southeast Asia
- East Asian Buddhist Ethics
- Buddhist Ethics in Contemporary Tibet
- Buddhist Ethics Compared to Western Ethics
- The Psychology of Moral Judgment and Perception in Indo-Tibetan Buddhist Ethics
- Ethics without Norms?: Buddhist Reductionism and the Logical Space of Reasons
- The Buddhist Just Society
- Buddhist Economics: Problems and Possibilities
- Buddhist Environmental Ethics: An Emergent and Contextual Approach
- Buddhism, War, and Violence
- The Ethics of Engaged Buddhism in Asia
- The Ethics of Engaged Buddhism in the West
- Human Rights
- Buddhism and Women
- Buddhism and Sexuality
- Buddhist Perspectives on Abortion and Reproduction
- Being and Its Other: Suicide in Buddhist Ethics
- Buddhism and Animal Rights
Abstract and Keywords
The Pāli Canon presents a number of summaries of the Buddha’s teaching, one of the most concise being that of the Three Trainings (or Three Disciplines): ethics, meditation, and wisdom. The purpose of this chapter is to explicate the various formulations of these Three Trainings as well as to discuss their relationship to one another and other Pāli Buddhist teachings. Its focus is on the Pāli material of early Buddhism and Theravāda in particular. It discusses the Three Disciplines and their interrelations, along with analyses of what comes before the discipline, namely the ordinary worldling or person, and what comes after, namely the awakened person. The Three Trainings can be analytically divided, but the development of each reciprocates the development of the others. An illustration from the Pāli Canon, leaving out meditation, suggests that ethics and wisdom act ‘like one hand washing the other’.
Justin S. Whitaker (PhD, University of London) is an independent scholar whose research interests include early Buddhism, comparative philosophy, ethics, and mindfulness.
Douglass Smith (Ph.D., Wisconsin-Madison) is an independent scholar whose research interests include early Buddhism, secular Buddhism, and comparative philosophy.
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