- The Oxford Handbook of Johannine Studies
- The Text of The Gospel and Letters of John
- Literary Sources of the Gospel and Letters of John
- John and other Gospels
- The Story of the Johannine Community and its Literature
- The Beloved Disciple, the Fourth Evangelist, and the Authorship of the Fourth Gospel
- The Gospel of John and Archaeology
- The Jews of the Fourth Gospel
- The Johannine Literature in a Greek Context
- The Johannine Literature and Contemporary Jewish Literature
- The Johannine Literature and the Gnostics
- The Fourth Gospel as Narrative and Drama
- Ideological Readings of the Fourth Gospel
- Gender and the Fourth Gospel
- Social-Scientific Readings of the Gospel and Letters of John
- Symbolism and ‘Signs’ in the Fourth Gospel
- Dualism and the World in the Gospel and Letters of John
- Eschatology and Time in the Gospel of John
- The Person of Jesus Christ in the Gospel of John
- The Purpose of the Ministry and Death of Jesus in the Gospel of John
- Faith, Eternal Life, and the Spirit in the Gospel of John
- Ethics in Community in the Gospel and Letters of John
- Temple, Festivals, and Scripture in the Gospel Of John
- The Johannine Literature and the Canon
- Johannine Commentaries in the Early Church
- Index Locorum
- General Index
Abstract and Keywords
Since the work of J. Louis Martyn and Raymond E. Brown in the late 1960s and 1970s, the hypothesis of a socially distinctive Johannine Community in which the Gospel and Letters of John originated and for which they were also written has played an important role in Johannine scholarship. The combined evidence of the Gospel and Letters lends historical plausibility to this hypothesis, as it does to the hypothesis of a Johannine School of writers. An account of the history of this Johannine Community, including its origin, character, and experiences, has to be correlated with an account of the composition history of the documents (e.g. their sequence). Building on the classic work of Martyn (for the Gospel) and Brown (for the Letters), though diverging from them at several points, this chapter provides a possible history of the Johannine Community and a composition history of the documents.
Martinus C. de Boer is Professor of New Testament Emeritus, Vrije Universteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands. His primary research interests include the Johannine Literature and the Pauline Letters. He is the author of Johannine Perspectives on the Death of Jesus (1996) and Galatians: A Commentary (2011).
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