- The Oxford Handbook of Johannine Studies
- The Text of The Gospel and Letters of John
- Literary Sources of the Gospel and Letters of John
- John and other Gospels
- The Story of the Johannine Community and its Literature
- The Beloved Disciple, the Fourth Evangelist, and the Authorship of the Fourth Gospel
- The Gospel of John and Archaeology
- The Jews of the Fourth Gospel
- The Johannine Literature in a Greek Context
- The Johannine Literature and Contemporary Jewish Literature
- The Johannine Literature and the Gnostics
- The Fourth Gospel as Narrative and Drama
- Ideological Readings of the Fourth Gospel
- Gender and the Fourth Gospel
- Social-Scientific Readings of the Gospel and Letters of John
- Symbolism and ‘Signs’ in the Fourth Gospel
- Dualism and the World in the Gospel and Letters of John
- Eschatology and Time in the Gospel of John
- The Person of Jesus Christ in the Gospel of John
- The Purpose of the Ministry and Death of Jesus in the Gospel of John
- Faith, Eternal Life, and the Spirit in the Gospel of John
- Ethics in Community in the Gospel and Letters of John
- Temple, Festivals, and Scripture in the Gospel Of John
- The Johannine Literature and the Canon
- Johannine Commentaries in the Early Church
- Index Locorum
- General Index
Abstract and Keywords
The article first discusses definitions of the term dualism on the basis of its usage in modern scholarship, including a taxonomy of various types of dualistic oppositions in early Jewish and early Christian texts. In the second section, the author provides a brief sketch of the application of the term in Johannine studies, especially in the Bultmann school and in the debate on the influence of Qumran texts and ideas. He then describes various elements of dualistic language in the Gospel and the Epistles of John, including names of eschatological opponents, the spatial categories of above and below, the metaphoric language of light and darkness, the notion of a final eschatological destiny of life or death, and the opposition of the community and the world. On the basis of those observations, the function of the dualistic language elements in the Gospel and Epistles of John is determined.
Jörg Frey is Professor of New Testament Interpretation with special focus on Ancient Judaism and Hermeneutics in the Faculty of Theology at the University of Zürich, Switzerland. He is the author of Die johanneische Eschatologie (3 vols., 1997–200), Die Herrlichkeit des Gekreuzigten (2013), Der Brief des Judas und der zweite Brief des Petrus (2015), and Von Jesus zur neutestamentlichen Theologie (2016).
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