- The Oxford Handbook of John Henry Newman
- The Oxford Movement
- The Oratory
- Print Culture
- The Church Fathers
- Joseph Butler
- The British Naturalist Tradition
- Richard Whately
- The Anglican Parish Sermons
- Justification: the Doctrine, the Lectures, and Tract 90
- <i>Sensus Fidelium</i>
- Doctrinal Development
- Ecclesiology: the polycentric Church
- Ecumenism, Mariology, and the Papacy
- Political and Social Thought
- Philosophy of Education
- The <i>Apologia</i>
- The Literary Stylist
- Catholic Theological Receptions
- Anglican Theological Receptions
- The University
- Literary Legacy
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter argues that Newman draws upon the British Naturalist tradition in fresh ways, especially in his effort to take up the challenge of epistemological scepticism. It examines the scholarly literature that has drawn attention to how John Locke and David Hume feature as formative influences on Newman’s philosophical thought while providing a closer look at how Newman engages with and appropriates insights from the Naturalist tradition in his own context. This chapter also furnishes two examples (the trustworthiness of our cognitive faculties and conscience as a natural element of our mind) to illustrate the extent to which Newman is working within the Naturalist tradition. It concludes with two areas that deserve further reflection and development, namely, a more constructive understanding of the relationship between Newman’s naturalized epistemology and natural theology and a deeper analysis of how Newman appropriates and transforms the British Naturalist tradition.
Frederick D. Aquino is Professor of Theology and Philosophy at the Graduate School of Theology, Abilene Christian University.
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