- The Oxford Handbook of John Henry Newman
- The Oxford Movement
- The Oratory
- Print Culture
- The Church Fathers
- Joseph Butler
- The British Naturalist Tradition
- Richard Whately
- The Anglican Parish Sermons
- Justification: the Doctrine, the Lectures, and Tract 90
- <i>Sensus Fidelium</i>
- Doctrinal Development
- Ecclesiology: the polycentric Church
- Ecumenism, Mariology, and the Papacy
- Political and Social Thought
- Philosophy of Education
- The <i>Apologia</i>
- The Literary Stylist
- Catholic Theological Receptions
- Anglican Theological Receptions
- The University
- Literary Legacy
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter emphasizes the life-long significance of Newman’s relationship with the works of Bishop Joseph Butler (1692–1752). His reading and re-reading of Butler influenced Newman’s critique of natural theology, his understanding of religious knowledge and the role of conscience, and his sensitivity to the importance of language in the cultivation of a religious imagination. Newman nuanced and contested other nineteenth-century interpretations of Butler’s concepts of analogy, probability, and certitude in the process of developing his own distinctive approach to delineating the intellectual context of faith and reflecting rigorously on moral philosophy, psychological intuition, and pastoral engagement. His ongoing conversation with Butler provided intellectual and affective underpinning for Newman’s reflection on his religious journey and his mediation of Catholicism and Englishness.
Jane Garnett is Fellow and Tutor in History at Wadham College, Oxford.
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