- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Copyright Page
- List of Figures and Tables
- The Contributors
- Ellipsis In Natural Language: Theoretical and empirical perspectives
- Ellipsis: A survey of analytical approaches
- Ellipsis in Transformational Grammar
- Ellipsis in Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar
- Ellipsis in Categorial Grammar
- Ellipsis in Dependency Grammar
- ellipsis in simpler syntax
- Ellipsis in Construction Grammar
- Ellipsis in Dynamic Syntax
- ellipsis in inquisitive semantics
- Ellipsis and Psycholinguistics
- Ellipsis and Acquisition
- Ellipsis and Discourse
- Ellipsis and Computational Linguistics
- Ellipsis and Prosody
- Movement and Islands
- Aphasia and Acquisition
- Parsing Strategies
- Sluicing and Its Subtypes
- Predicate Ellipsis
- Nominal Ellipsis
- Gapping and Stripping
- Comparative Deletion
- Null Complement Anaphora
- Conjunction Reduction and Right-Node Raising
- Finnish Sign Language
- Kiswahili and Shingazidja
- Varieties of English
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
In this chapter, we argue that ellipsis is a phenomenon that directly parallels anaphora, hence providing direct evidence of the concept of context on which natural language (NL) processing depends. From this perspective, we argue first that, in failing to give due recognition to the interactive and multimodal nature of NL processing, theoretical linguistics has entered a stalemate situation in which no unitary account of ellipsis is possible. The alternative Dynamic Syntax account that we provide next, however, presents ellipsis as a test case for the view that each NL constitutes a set of mechanisms for situated human interaction, with syntax not as a level of representation, but instead comprising a set of procedures for incrementally and predictively effecting conceptual structure–NL-string mappings. The significance of the extended set of so-called ‘elliptical’ phenomena that are examined from this perspective is that they all provide evidence for the seamless integration of NL structures and processing under domain-general action and perception processes.
Ruth Kempson FBA is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at King’s College London and Honorary Research Associate with SOAS and the Cognitive Science research unit of QMUL, London. She is the lead developer of the Dynamic Syntax framework, and has a long-term research interest in the interface of syntax and pragmatics.
Eleni Gregoromichelaki is a Research Fellow at the Philosophy Department, King’s College London and the Cognitive Science Institute, Osnabrueck University. She works within the Dynamic Syntax and Computational Linguistics research groups, exploring analyses of syntactic/semantic natural language phenomena within psycholinguistically informed formalisms. Her principal research interests lie in the language–cognition interface: in particular, the formal/computational and psychological/philosophical implications of various cognitive modeling perspectives on natural language.
Arash Eshghi is a researcher in Computational Linguistics at Heriot-Watt University. He did his PhD in Psycholinguistics at Queen Mary, University of London. Ever since, he has been one of the main developers of the Dynamic Syntax computational implementation, and is currently exploring its technological applications, e.g., in building more human-like conversational systems.
Julian Hough is a Lecturer in the Cognitive Science group in the School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science at Queen Mary, University of London (QMUL). He received his PhD at QMUL before working at Bielefeld University as a post-doc. He researches dialogue modelling and dialogue systems, with a focus on incremental processing and disfluency.
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