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date: 20 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This contribution considers how dependency grammars (DGs) view ellipsis phenomena. For the most part, comprehensive explorations of particular ellipsis phenomena are rare in the tradition of DG, but when ellipsis is examined, there is a tendency to posit the existence of null material/nodes to accommodate aspects of ellipsis. One recent development in the DG tradition that is particularly relevant to the analysis of ellipsis is the catena unit. A catena is a word or combination of words that are linked together by dependencies. Most ellipsis phenomena are eliding catena, whereby these catenae are often not constituents. Given the catena unit, a more economical approach to ellipsis has become possible, one that does not need to resort to movement to vacate the remnant from the encompassing constituent before that encompassing constituent is elided.

Keywords: catena, Dependency Grammar, DG, Ellipsis, Gapping, left-edge ellipsis, pseudogapping, stripping, VP-ellipsis

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