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date: 22 January 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of predicate ellipsis, which covers several types of ellipsis targeting the clausal predicate. The best-known type is VP-ellipsis, but there is also pseudogapping, and two lesser-known types, namely Modal Complement Ellipsis and British English do. For each type the basic properties and main research questions are discussed. Extra attention is given to the question of what is actually elided, and it turns out that many instances of predicate ellipsis delete more than just the verb phrase. Although this phenomenon is best studied in English, VP-ellipsis also occurs in other languages, where it often appears as so-called V-stranding VP-ellipsis: the main verb undergoes movement when it is finite, allowing it to move out of the ellipsis site and survive ellipsis. These languages will also be discussed.

Keywords: VP-ellipsis, pseudogapping, predicate, verb phrase, V-stranding VP-ellipsis, modal complement ellipsis, British English do

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