Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The authors examine gender differences and similarities in prosocial behavior from the vantage point of social role theory. According to this perspective, the gendered division of labor leads to gender roles, which are elaborated in internalized attributes as well as social interactions. We consider gender differences and similarities in prosocial behavior in light of the different environments, experiences, and expectations encountered by each sex. Consistent with a social role perspective, the evidence shows gender-differentiated behavior particularly when contexts implicate central aspects of the male gender role or the female gender role. In particular, prosocial behavior that involves real or perceived physical risk or chivalry tends to be enacted more by men than women. In contrast, prosocial behavior that involves long-term, sustained caregiving or concern for societally disadvantaged others tends to be enacted more by women than men.

Keywords: gender, gender roles, social role theory, helping, altruism

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.