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date: 18 February 2019

(p. 527) Index

(p. 527) Index

A
AAIDD Model of Human Functioning, 10
Abbott, R. D., 190, 191
Abbott, S., 74
ABCX Model, 174
Abedi, M. R., 381, 382
Abery, B. H., 120, 324
abuse, and decision making, 216–18, 220
academic performance. See education
acceptance coping, 94
acceptance of disabilities, 433
acquired disabilities, 27
acronyms, 287
Active Support, 15
activities of daily living (ADL), 84, 86
activity limitations, 9
ADAPT (Americans Disabled for Accessible Public Transit), 280, 282
adaption after acquiring a disability, 432
adaptive behavior, 105–13;
assessing, 109–12;
complementary measures, 112–13;
and family perspectives of disability, 170;
history of, 107;
intellectual versus adaptive functioning, 107–8;
and IQ, 108;
and problem behaviors, 108–9;
skills of, 105–6
Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-2nd Edition (ABAS-II), 110–11
Adaptive Behavior Scale-Residential and Community, 2nd Edition (ABS-RC:2), 110
Adaptive Behavior Scale-School Edition (ABS-S:2), 110
adaptive outcomes, 183
adaptive systems, 183
adjustment after acquiring a disability, 432
adolescents and adolescence. See youths with disabilities
adults with disabilities, and friendships, 62–63, 64, 65–66, 67–69, 70, 71–72, 73–74, 76
Adults with Learning Difficulties in England 2003/4, 65
adversarial growth, 433
adversity, and optimism, 50, 51, 52–53, 56
aesthetics, 295–96
affect, and decision making, 209
affect (pivotal behavior), 459
Affective Communicative Assessment (ACA), 465, 468
African Americans, 444
age and aging, 320–21, 409–19;
aging with/into disability, 411, 412–15;
and cohorts, 410;
and dementia, 413, 416;
demographic context of, 412–15;
desirable environments for, 411–12;
and disability identity, 415–19;
discourse on, 411–12;
and disease prevalence and incidence, 413–14;
and health and functioning of aging adults, 415;
and inequalities, 411;
life course approach to, 409–11;
and life review, 416–17;
and research challenges, 419;
and social connectedness, 417–18
agency, 446;
and self-regulated learning, 269. See also self-determination
agency thinking, 156, 157
agentic capability, 123
aggression, 479, 482, 483, 484, 485, 487
Agran, M., 129, 144, 405
AIR Self-Determination Scale, 120, 129, 131, 400
Ajzen, I., 204
Algoe, S. B., 516
Algozzine, B., 128
Alive Day Memories: Home from Iraq (2007), 292
Alriksson-Schmidt, A. I., 188
Alston, R. J., 258–59
Alwell, M., 128
Alzheimer’s disease, 61
Amazon.com book reviews, 287
American Association for the Study of the Feebleminded, 5
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD), 199, 242, 321, 327, 444;
and adaptive behavior, 106, 107, 109, 110, 113;
and adaptive behavior research, 106;
and ecological model of disability, 40;
and history of positive psychology, 23, 24, 27; Model of Human Functioning, 10;
and strengths-based approach to disability, 7, 10;
and supports system, 13–15
American Association on Mental Deficiency, 110
American Association on Mental Retardation (AAMR), 10, 166
American College of Sports Medicine, 87
American Deaf community, 280
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AJIDD; formerly the American Journal on Mental Retardation), 26, 242
American Psychiatric Association, 19, 106
American Psychological Association, 495
American Psychologist, 20, 22, 191, 509
American Sign Language, 291
Americans with Disabilities Act (1990), 281, 289, 342, 429
amputations, 52, 95–96, 433
amygdala, 211
Anderson, G., 216
Anglo families, 176–78
Angyal, A., 117–18
animal research, 155
anticipation, expressions of, 455
�anti-goals,� 49
Antonak, R. F., 94
Antoni, M. H., 56
Antonovsky, A., 366
anxiety, 479–480, 482, 496–97, 518;
and career development, 247;
and risk taking tasks, 200
Applications of Social Learning to Family Life, 485
applied behavior analysis (ABA), (p. 528) 303, 305, 498, 499–500, 501, 502, 503;
in education settings, 402–4;
and positive psychology, 307
archival records, 267
Arc’s Self-Determination Scale, 129, 131, 399
Arias, B., 328
Aristotle, 497
Arnold, S. R. C., 328
art, 291
Artaud, Antonin, 293
arthritis, 53, 100
Arthur, M. W., 190
Artson, Jacob, 235
Ash, S. E., 28
Asher, S. R., 76
Ashman, A., 324
Asperger, Hans, 496
Asperger syndrome (AS), 206, 496
Aspinwall, L. G., 92, 523
assessment in education, 397–400
assets after acquiring a disability, 432
assistance, 237
assistive technology, 461–62
Astrid and Astrid-OR, 253
Asylums: Essays on the Social Situation of Mental Patients and Other Inmates (Goffman), 293
athletic performance, 159
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 496, 502;
and decision making, 205–6, 214;
and externalizing disorders, 483, 485;
and self-regulated learning, 265, 266, 267;
and Self-Regulated Strategy Development, 273
Attributional Style Questionnaire, 50, 515
attributions, and self-regulated learning, 270, 272, 274
attribution theories, 204
auditory disability, 375
augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), 382
Aurelio, John, 236
Auslander, Philip, 291
Australia, 385, 386
australia, 383
Australian Unity Wellbeing Index, 511, 513
Austria, 414
Autism Network International, 282
Autism Society of America (ASA), 495–96
autism spectrum disorders (ASD), 218–19, 494–503;
applicability of positive psychology, 495–97;
blame and guilt associated with, 229;
common positive psychology intervention, 498–500;
comorbid conditions, 496–97;
and decision making, 205, 206–7, 215, 216–19, 221;
described, 495;
diagnosis of, 495–97;
and disability culture, 282;
and family life, 448;
and family perspectives of disability, 169, 171–72, 177;
and family quality of life (FQOL), 375;
and gratitude, 234–35;
and language, 459;
and positive psychology goals, 500–503;
and positive psychology theory, 497–98;
and self-regulated learning, 266;
social limitations associated with, 199–200;
and supported employment, 353, 354–55
Autistic students Advocacy Network (ASAN), 280, 282
autobiographies, 285, 291, 292, 293
autonomy, 118–19, 371
Averill, J. R., 155
aversive consequences, 304–5
avoidance coping, 94
avoidant behaviors, 201
AXIS Dance Company, 290
Aya, 379
Ayuso-Mateos, J. L., 127
B
Bach, Michael, 13
Bae, S. J., 125
Baer, D., 403
Bailey, D. B., 177
Bak, J. J., 65, 66
Baker, B. L., 166, 171, 173, 176
Baldwin, A., 184
Baldwin, C., 184
Balla, D. A., 112
Bandura, A., 118, 119, 122, 204, 254, 268
Barber, D., 66
Barchas, J. D., 188, 189
Barnartt, Sharon, 283
barriers, and social model of disability, 284
Barry, R. L., 183
Barthel Index, 84
Bartko, W. T., 184
Bartolucci, G., 497
Basehart, S., 42
Baum, N. T., 376
Baumgarten, Alexander, 295
Bauminger, N., 199, 497
Beach, S. R. H., 511
Beach Center FQOL Scale, 375, 383, 384
Bean, R. A., 220
A Beautiful Mind (Nasar), 293
beauty, 295–96
Bechara, A., 209
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), 83, 515
Beegle, G., 369
behavioral autonomy, 119
behavioral coping strategies, 101
behavioral disabilities, 354
behavioral family therapy, 485
behavioral observation techniques, 399
behavioral therapy, 498
behavioral traces, 267
behavior-based contingencies, 459
Behavior Education Program (BEP), 313, 486
behaviorism, 7–8
behavior ratings, 267
behavior style, 456
Beidel, D. C., 200
Belfiore, P. J., 271
Belgium, 383, 385, 387
beliefs, 204
Bell, T. J., 258–59
Bellah, C. G., 517
benefit-finding, 95–96, 167
benefit-finding after acquiring a disability, 433
Berg, C. J., 28
Berg Balance Scale, 84
Berger, James L., 284
Bertrando, R., 140
Best Buddies program, 67–68
Beyth-Marom, R., 208
biases, 204
Bielska, I., 328
Biemiller, A., 405
Bigby, C., 64, 65
Bill of Rights Act, 105
Binet-Simon intelligence test, 5
biological approached to positive psychology, 22
biopsychosocial model, 23
Bird, G., 206
Bishop, R. C., 210
Björck-Akesson, E., 456, 458
Blacher, J., 166, 173, 176, 177
Black, D. R., 200
Black, R. S., 199
Blackburn, E. H., 170
Blackorby, J., 142
Blake, Blind, 292
Blanchard, C., 129
Bleasdale, R., 251
Blind Boys of Alabama, 292
blindness: blind musicians, 292;
and cortical reorganization, 435;
in films, 292;
and severe multiple disabilities, 455, 457
Blindness (Saramago), 292
Block, J., 92
Blum, R., 186, 187–88
Blustein, D. L., 250
Bocelli, Andrea, 292
Bodies in Commotion: Disability and Performance (Sandahl and Auslander), 291
The Body and Physical Difference: Discourses of Disability (Mitchell and Snyder), 291
body functions and structures, 9
body mass index (BMI), 85, 87
Boheemen, M., 380
Bonham, G. S, 42, 44
Bono, G., 520
Bontempo, D., 191
Born on the Fourth of July (1989), 291
Bossaert, G., 328, 329
Boulton, A., 130
Boyle, T. C., (p. 529) 293
Brabner, Joyce, 293
Braddock, D., 322, 324
Bradley, V., 42
brain injury, 83–84
Brain Injury, 243
Breath & Shadow (journal), 282
Breeding, R. R., 253–54
Bremner, R., 497
Brenzel, A., 207–8
Breznitz, S., 155
Brief Multidimensional Students� Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS), 516
Briggs, Ken, 228, 231, 232
Briney, J. S., 190
British Journal of Guidance and Counseling (BJGC), 242, 244
Brody, C., 241, 431
Brogli, B. R., 207–8
Brolin, D. E., 406
Bronfenbrenner, U., 8, 120, 183, 449
Broussard, R., 447
Browder, D., 128
Brown, A. A., 416
Brown, H. K., 328
Brown, R., 11, 369, 370, 372, 373, 375, 376, 377, 385, 386
Brown, Steven, 280
Bruder, M. B., 380, 382
Brueggemann, Brenda Jo, 4, 290
Buckhead, J., 248
Buck v. Bell, 5
Buddhism, 228, 234
Buenning, M., 272
buffering hypothesis, 99
Buntinx, W. H. E., 3, 327, 328
Burch, Susan, 290, 292
burn injuries, 159
Burns, B. J., 481
Burns, M. K., 403
Butterworth, J., 318
Butzer, B., 497
Byrnes, J. P., 216
Byron, J., 404
C
Caitlin, G., 155
Caldwell, J., 417
Campbell, A., 513
Campeau, P. L., 141
Canada, 375, 383, 385, 386
Canadian Association for Community Living, 13
cancer diagnoses, 159
The Cancer Journals (Lorde), 293
Candide (Voltaire), 48
capacity, 120
capacity-challenge discrepancy analysis, 123
Caraher, P. J., 141
Caran, D., 42
Carbone, P. S., 85
cardiovascular health, 520
Career Adapt-Abilities Inventory, 249
Career Adaptability International Collaborative Group, 249
Career Decision-Making Outcome Expectations (CDMOE), 246
Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale (CDMSE), 253–54
Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSES-SF), 246
career development and career thoughts, 127, 239–261;
adaptability required in, 240;
articles published on, 241–46;
butterfly effect in, 240;
research constructs and data on, 246–251;
vocational guidance, 251–260
The Career Development Quarterly (CDQ), 242, 244
Career Thoughts Inventory (CTI), 247
caregiver-based contingencies, 459
caregivers, 54–55, 159
carelessness, 201
Carey, Allison, 292
Carmeli, E., 87
Carr, E. G., 307, 309, 446, 447
Carrieri, L., 247
Carroll, 328
Carter, C. M., 459
Carter, E. W., 125, 126
Carver, C. S., 48, 49
Case, B. J., 210
Catalano, D. E., 427
Catalano, R. F., 190, 191
categorizing disability, 290–93
Cattaneo, L. B., 124, 125
Cattell, R. B., 328
Causal Affect, 123
causal agency, 119, 122–24
causal capacities, 123
causal perception, 123
causal view of disability, 9
Cea, C. D., 331
cellular aging, 170
Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), 83
cerebral palsy, 88, 353
Chambers, Robert, 238
Chambless, D. L., 481
Channon, S., 199
Chantry, J., 462
Chapman, A. R., 124, 125
Chapman, T. E., 328
Chappell, A. L., 76
character strength, 28
Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification, 20
Charles, Ray, 292
Charlton, James, 289
Charman, T., 199
Chavira, V., 177
Check, Connect and Expect, 313
Check and Connect, 313, 486
Check In/Check Out, 312
Chen, X., 86
Chess, S., 477–78
Cheyney, W. A., 353
children, 56, 62, 85–86, 157;
and family quality of life (FQOL), 383;
and positive behavior support, 310–11;
and support needs, 321. See also emotional and behavioral difficulties
Children of a Lesser God (1986), 293
Children’s Hope Scale (CHS), 157, 158, 161, 162
Children’s Mental Health Act, 370
child support, 100
China, 373, 383, 387
Chinese culture, 275–76
Choice for the Future: No Problem! 255
ChoiceMaker self-determination assessment, 130, 399–400, 401
choices: choice theory, 202;
in disability culture, 280;
and severe multiple disabilities, 468
Chon, K. K., 155
Chou, C.-C., 427
Christensen, E. R., 485
Christianity, 227, 228, 231, 232, 233–34
Christopher, M. S., 513
chronic hemiparesis, 84
chronic illness, 94
chronicity of support needs, 320
chronic stress, 170–72
Cicchetti, D. V., 112, 184, 192, 193
Cimera, R. E., 353–54
Cinamon, R. G., 250
cingulated cortex, 211
Circle Stories (Lehrer), 286, 289
civil rights, 4, 124, 284, 285, 289, 304–5, 444
Civil War, 4–5
Claes, C., 331, 332
claiming disability, 291
Claiming Disability (Linton), 286, 289
Clark, A. E., 210
Clark, E., 485
Clark, G. M., 398, 406
Clarke, G., 481
Clarke, S., 309
Classification of Leisure Participation (CLP), 88
coaching, 404–5
Cobb, B., 128
Cochran, L., 254
cognitive adaptation theory, 366
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), 100, 481
cognitive coping strategies, 101, 102
cognitive disability, 4, 292, 442–49;
emerging trends in field, 444–45;
future directions for, 449;
and happiness, 446–47;
individual-level outcomes for, 454;
and policy initiatives, 448–49;
and resiliency, 447;
and self-determination, 445–46, 449;
severe multiple disabilities (SMD), 457;
and supported employment, 353–54
Cohen, D. B., (p. 530) 100
cohorts, 410
Collaborative Family Study (CFS), 167, 169, 171, 173–76, 177
collaborators, 303
collective identity, 285
college education, 160–61
Coming Home (1978), 291
Commitment Anxiety Scale, 247
�common benefits� view, 172, 175
communal expression, 237
communication skills, 67
communication temptations, 466
Communities that Care (CTC), 190
community (societal value placed on), 368
Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ), 83–84
community-level prevention, 190–91
companionship, 70, 71, 77
competence, 118–19, 192, 193
competition, 239–240
Comprehensive Soldier Fitness (CSF), 191
Compton, C., 186, 187
Compton, S. N., 481
conceptual skills, 105
congenital disabilities, 4
constraint-induced movement therapy (CI therapy), 435–36
Conte, V., 26
contentment, 97
Conti-D�Antonio, M., 140
contingency awareness, 458–59
continuous quality improvement, 44–45
continuum view of disability, 25, 29
cooperative learning, 404
Coping Cat program, 481, 482
coping skills and strategies, 432;
benefit-finding, 95–96, 167;
and control, 98;
described, 91–92;
and disability, 94–95;
and family perspectives of disability, 167–68, 169;
and forgiveness, 519;
and hope theory, 154, 159;
and optimism, 51, 53, 55, 56, 94–95, 96–97;
and psychological resilience, 92–94;
quality versus quantity, 99–100;
and resilience, 188–89;
and social support, 98–101;
styles, 94–95
Coping with Depression Course for Adolescents (CWD-A), 481
Cordoba, L., 383
Cornelia de Lange syndrome, 311
Correa, V., 177
Costanza, R., 210
Coster, W., 464
Couser, G. Thomas, 282, 286
Cox, P. D., 271
Coyne, J. C., 523
Crabtree, V., 206
Craig, C., 510
Craig Handicap Assessment Capacity Technique (CHART), 84
Crawford, S., 199
credulity, 199
Crider, Summer, 288
“crip” (term), 281
cripchick (blogger), 282
Crip Theory: Cultural Signs of Queerness and Disability (McRuer), 281, 287, 290
Crnic, K. A., 166
Cronan, T. A., 99
Crone, D. A., 503
Crowley, M., 199
Csikszentmihalyi, M., 19, 20–21, 29, 443, 447, 502, 509–10
cultural considerations: and family quality of life (FQOL), 383, 385;
and self-regulated learning, 275–76;
in vocational guidance, 252
cultural identity, 72, 176–78
Cummins, R. A., 11, 76, 464, 512, 515
curriculum-based assessments, 398
Cushing, Pamela, 283
cystic fibrosis, 54
D
Dailey, R. F., 324
Daily Progress Report (DPR), 486
Damon, W., 119, 405, 406
Damond, M., 119
Dana, J., 199
Darwin, Charles, 288
Davenport, Charles B., 4
Davies, D., 131
Davis, C. G., 95
Davis, Lennard, 287
Davis, P., 467
Day, M., 69–74
DD Act, 105
Deaf and Disability Studies: Interdisciplinary Perspectives (Burch and Kafer), 290
deafness and deaf community: attitude toward disability, 288;
and disability studies/culture, 280, 293;
and films/documentaries, 281–82;
and severe multiple disabilities, 455, 457
Deaf Sentence (Lodge), 293
DeBaryshe, B. D., 484
de Boer, M. E., 416
Deci, E. L., 118, 119, 395, 403, 404, 406, 407
decisional forgiveness, 517
Decision Making Confusion Scale, 247
Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons, 12
Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons, 12
deep structure, 62–63
DeFelice, Robert, 292
deficit-based models, 24–25, 27
definitional frameworks of disability, 20–22, 23
de Geeter, K. I., 467
degeneracy view of disability, 5
deinstitutionalization, 22, 61, 304, 321, 322;
and aging with a disability, 418;
and education, 394;
and employment, 339;
and rights of people with Disabilities, 444;
and supported living, 324
Deleuze, Gilles, 289
delinquency prevention, 189–190
DelPizzo-Cheng, E., 403
DeMartino, T. J., 206, 207
Demasio, A., 209
Demasio, H., 209
dementia, 413, 416
demographic questionnaires, 88
dependency, 201
depression, 479–480;
and cognitive behavior theory, 175;
and coping strategies, 100;
and family perspectives of disability, 169, 172;
and forgiveness, 518;
and hope theory, 159;
and optimism, 49, 54;
and subjective well-being homeostasis, 515
Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), 88
deresponsibilization, 247
descriptive analysis, 333
descriptive decision making theories, 202–3
determinism, 117
Developmental, Individual-Difference Relationship-Based Model (DIR), 499–500, 501, 503
developmental disabilities, 105, 292, 442–49;
and adaptive behavior, 105, 106;
emerging trends in field, 444–45;
and family perspectives of disability, 170, 171–72, 177;
future directions for, 449;
and happiness, 446–47;
historical trends in, 443–44;
and policy initiatives, 448–49;
and resiliency, 447;
and self-determination, 445–46, 449;
and supported employment, 353–54
Developmental Disabilities Act, 339, 370
developmental psychopathology, 182
developmental systems theory, 183–84
deviance, 288, 289
Devlin, P., 127
Diagnostic Adaptive Behavior Scale (DABS), 110, 112
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 20, 105, 106, 110–11, 199, 495, 496
DiBenedetto, M. K., 270
Diener, E.: and coping research, 101;
and history of positive psychology, 20, 21, 22, 28, 29;
and subjective well-being measures, 513
difference, 288
dignity: “dignity of risk” argument, 321;
and normalization, 322;
societal value placed on, 368;
and value-laden beliefs and principles, 431
Dino Dinosaurs program, (p. 531) 487
Dipeolu, A., 248
direct-effect hypothesis, 99
disability: and families, 166–178;
and hope theory, 154–162;
and leisure activities, 87–88;
and optimism, 51, 54–56;
and resilience, 182–193;
and self-determination, 124–25;
and self-determination research, 131
Disability Aesthetics (Siebers), 295
Disability and Rehabilitation, 243
“Disability Culture Rap” (Wade), 280, 281
disability field: and comprehensive frameworks of human functioning, 25;
continuum view of disability, 25;
and future directions of research, 28–29;
and historical trends in positive psychology, 19–25;
impact on psychology literature, 25–28;
intersection with positive psychology, 25, 29;
and research trends, 26–28;
trends in, 24;
and unification of psychology, 28–29
Disability Film Festival, 286
Disability Protests: Contentious Politics, 1970–1999 (Barnartt and Scotch), 283
The Disability Rag, 280
disability rights movement (DRM), 22, 281, 444
disability studies and culture, 279–297;
categorizing disability, 290–93;
disability culture, 280–83, 290–93, 295–96;
disability studies, 283–290, 296, 297;
future directions, 293–97;
and identity studies, 296–97
Disability Studies: Enabling the Humanities (Snyder), 297
Disability Studies in the Humanities (DS-HUM), 293
Disability Studies Quarterly (DSQ), 282, 283, 286, 293, 296, 297
disability term, 9
disasters, 188–89
“Disclosures” (Nowak), 290
discrete trial training (DTT), 498
discriminative fallacy, 102
disease models, 20–21
disease prevalence and incidence, 413–14
disease prevention, 98
disengaged coping strategies, 92
dispositional optimism, 174–75
Ditchman, N., 427
Diversity and Identity Studies Collective at Ohio State (DISCO), 289
divorce, 189
documentaries, 281–82
Dolan, R. J., 206
Doll, E. A., 106, 109
dopamine, 211
Doren, B., 128
Dorsett, P., 159
dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, 211
Dougherty, S. B., 253, 428
Down syndrome, 173, 220, 375, 414, 448
Down Syndrome Congress, 75
Drake, G. P., 325
drug and alcohol programs, 190–91
Dryden, John, 227
dsm. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), 199
dual-factor model of mental health, 476–77
dual-process decision making model, 204–5, 206
Dubin, N., 497
Duckworth, A. L., 139
Duke Social Support Index (DSSI), 88
Dumas, J. E., 485
Dunford, C., 462
Dunlap, G., 309
Dunn, D. S., 241, 253, 428, 431, 447
Dunst, C. J., 380, 382, 458, 459, 461, 466, 468
DuPaul, G. J., 487
duration measures, 267
Durbin, J., 328
Durlak, J. A., 482
Duvdevany, L., 460
Dykens,, 220
Dymond, S. K., 128
dynamic assessment, 466
dynamic equilibrium model, 511
D’Zurilla, T. J., 201
E
Eavesdropping (Kuusisto), 291
Eckert, T. L., 487
ecological model of disability: and quality of life, 37, 38–42;
and quality of life (QOL) model, 40;
and resilience, 183–84;
and self-determination, 120;
and strengths-based approach to disability, 10;
and support systems, 14–15
ecological psychology, 8
ecological validity focus of interventions, 303, 305–6, 308
Eden, A., 483
Edison, Thomas A., 140
education and schools, 393–407;
assessment in, 397–400;
and critiques of positive psychology, 522;
curriculum, 405–7;
educational planning, 401–2;
emerging positive focus in, 393–94;
and externalizing disorders, 483–87;
and hope theory, 160;
inclusion in, 324–25;
instructional strategies, 402–5;
and mainstreaming movement, 324–25;
and optimism, 51;
and positive parenting, 174;
and Response to Intervention (RTI), 400–401;
school-based interventions, 67;
school psychology, 26, 29;
school reform, 127–28;
school-to-work transition programs, 147;
School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS), 311–13;
and self-determination, 127–28, 130–31, 137–152, 394–97;
and social-emotional competence, 482;
special education, 393–94;
and student input, 397–98;
and supports and support needs, 322, 324–25, 448;
voucher and payment programs for, 322;
zero-tolerance policies of, 314
Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities (ETADD), 26
“Education of All Handicapped Law” (1975), 283–84, 339
Edwards, L. M., 253
Edwards, M., 376
Effective Strategy-Based Curriculum for Abuse Prevention and Empowerment (ESCAPE), 216–18, 220–21
efficacy expectations, 121–22
Egger, H. L., 481
Eggerth, D. E., 241
Eggleton, I., 380
Eisenberger, J., 140
Ekas, N. V., 169
elderly, 9
Elegy for a Disease (Finger), 291
Elliott, D., 328
Elliott, T. R., 159, 447
Ellison, R., 121
Embregts, P., 200
emergency workers, 212–13
Emerson, E., 42, 65, 455
Emmons, R. A., 516, 517
emotional and behavioral difficulties, 475–488;
externalizing disorders, 482–87;
internalizing disorders, 479–482;
and subjective well-being, 476–79
emotions and emotional well-being: after acquiring a disability, 433;
and coping strategies, 92, 94, 95–98, 101;
and decision making, 203–4, 211, 213–14, 215;
emotional reactivity, 478;
and forgiveness, 517;
indicators, 39;
and individualized supports, 42;
and quality of life domains, 13;
and risk taking, 208–9;
and support, 99
empathy, 518
employment: and aging with a disability, 419;
and resiliency, 447;
and self-determination, 147–49;
self-employment, 344–45;
sheltered employment, 323–24, 338;
and supports and support needs, 323–24;
empowerment, 124–25, 371
emulation, 268–276
Energy Expenditure Index (EEI), 85
Enforcing Normalcy (Davis), (p. 532) 287
engaged coping strategies, 92
engagement, 455
Enright, Robert, 227, 228, 231
environmental factors in disability: and history of positive psychology, 22;
and the ICIDH model, 10;
and quality of life, 40;
and self-determination, 121;
and strengths-based approach to disability, 8, 9;
and subjective well-being homeostasis, 512
environment-based contingencies, 459
Epel, E. S., 170
epidemiology, 182, 496
episodic memory, 457
equality (societal value placed on), 368
equality in relationships, 73
equal rights movement, 284
equifinality, 185
Erel, N., 200
Erikson, E. H., 155
Eriksson, L., 464
Ernst, M., 205–6
Ernst, R. M., 510
Essential Lifestyle Planning (ELP), 330
ethnicity, 176–78, 220, 239
ethnographic research, 65, 69, 71
eugenics, 4–5, 292
European Commission, 260
Euro-Qol5D (EQ-5D), 86
Evans, G. W., 183
Evans, J., 206
Eversden, L., 86–87
evidence-based practices, 42–43, 190, 193
evolution, and social belonging, 61
Exceptional Medical and Behavioral Needs, 330
exercise, 435;
and children with disabilities, 85–86;
and chronic hemiparesis, 84;
and general physical disabilities, 86–87;
and intellectual disability, 87;
and multiple sclerosis, 84–85;
and spinal cord injury, 82–83;
and stroke, 84;
and traumatic brain injury, 83–84
Exercise Efficacy Scale, 84
Expanded Disability Status Scale, 85
expectancy, 49
Expected Balance Scale, 155
explanatory style, 50
External Conflict Scale, 247
Extraordinary Bodies: Figuring Physical Disability in American Culture and Literature (Garland-Thomson), 290, 291
extrinsic motivations, 118
F
Fabian, E. S., 357
Fagan, A. A., 190, 191
Faggella-Luby, M., 125
faith, 237
“faking” disability, 290
“false self” condition, 405
families: and aging with a disability, 411, 418;
and externalizing disorders, 485;
family-focused intervention, 189;
family group conferences, 15;
funding for, 322;
income levels in, 373, 374;
and marriages and marital well-being, 366;
and positive behavior support, 305, 310–11;
positive experiences of, 447–48;
religious beliefs in, 373, 374;
residences of, 373, 374, 378;
siblings, 366, 375, 448;
and siblings of disabled children, 366, 375, 448;
societal value placed on, 368
Family Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), 175
family perspectives of disability, 166
family quality of life (FQOL), 365–389;
analytical framework of systemic factors for, 372;
and family-unit factors, 373–75, 378, 388;
and future research, 388, 389;
income levels of, 373;
and individual-member factors, 375–78, 388;
and “Leave No Family Behind” model, 371;
and nature of supports, 378–382, 388;
as outcome, 382–87;
policies, 368–69;
research trends, 365–68;
review of research, 368–69;
and societal values, 368;
and systemic factors, 368, 369–372, 388
Family Support Task Group, 370
Fantova, F., 44
Fantuzzo, J. W., 145
Farmer, A. W., 272
Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS), 88
Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), 85
“Fear of Bees” (Hockenberry), 285, 290
Fei, X., 373
Feinberg, M. E., 191
Feinstein, C. B., 119
Felce, D., 11, 42, 455
Feldman, M. A., 380, 382
Feliciano, Jose, 292
feminism and feminist theory, 284, 289, 297
Fernhall, B., 82
Ferrari, L., 125, 126, 249, 251, 382
Ferris, Jim, 282, 286, 290
Field, S., 120–21, 128, 395, 398, 404, 406
films, 281–82, 289, 291, 292, 293, 295, 297
Fincham, F. D., 220, 488
Finger, Anne, 291
Finkel, E. J., 521
Fishbein, M., 204
Fitchett, George, 236
Flory, M. J., 331
“flourishing,” 60, 76, 78
flow, 458, 502, 503
Fluid an Crystallized Abilities, 328
Folkman, S., 92, 94, 96, 167, 433
Ford, Henry, 48, 140
forethought, 270, 272, 274–75
forgiveness, 226–238;
and positive psychology, 519;
and subjective well-being homeostasis, 517–522
Forgiveness of Others Scale, 517, 518
Forgiveness Scale, 517
Forrester-Jones, R., 64
Forrest Gump (1994), 292
Foundations for a Science of Personality (Angyal), 117
Fowers, B. J., 522
Fox, L., 330
fragile-X syndrome, 199
Frank, Arthur, 234, 236, 293
Franks, H. M., 99
Frantz, C., 95
Frauenknecht, M., 200
Frederick, S., 207
Fredrickson, B. L., 93, 433, 498, 510
Freedman, S., 500
free will, 117
Frenchay Arm Test, 84
frequency counts, 267
Freud, Sigmund, 229
Friedrich, W. N., 166
Friend, A., 381, 382
FRIENDS, 482
friendships of disabled persons: and logistical challenges, 74–75, 76–77;
qualitative studies of, 68–70;
and social well-being, 61–63, 65–70, 75–78
Fries, Kenny, 280, 288, 289, 292
Froh, J. J., 26, 510, 516
Frost, Robert, 227
Fuller, Blind Boy, 292
functional disability, 94
Functional Independence Measure, 84
functional limitations models, 22, 23, 24, 29
Functional Reach Test (FRT), 87
functional social support, 99
functional theory, 119
funding analyses, 333–34
funding for individuals and families, 322
Furby, L., 208
Furniss, F, 496
fuzzy-trace theory, 210
G
Gallagher, M. W., 25
Gallagher, P., 96
Gallardo-Pujol, D., 201
Gallaudet University Press, 292
Galloway, Terry, 292
Galotti, K. M., 203
Galton, Francis, 4
Gandhi, Mohandas, 227
Gandolfini, James, 292
Gardner, J. F., 42
Gardner, M., 210
Garland-Thomson, Rosemarie, 286, 287, 290, 291
Garner, N., 125, 126
Gati, I., (p. 533) 255
Gaus, V., 497
Gaviria, A., 210
Gaza Strip, 189
general education, 143, 161–62
general physical disabilities, 86–87
genetics, 56
Geraghty, A. W. A., 510
Gerhardt, J., 94
Geriatric Depression Scale, 84
Germany, 414
Gerson, L., 377, 378
Gestalt psychology, 119, 429
Giacobbi, P. R., Jr., 86
Gibran, Kahlil, 48
Gifsh, L., 250
Gilbert, B. D., 513
Gilbert, D. T., 516
Gill, C., 280, 416
Gillham, J., 510
Gillot, A., 496
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 293
Gilman, R., 477
Gine, C., 386
Ginevra, M. C., 247, 249
Girl, Interrupted (Kaysen), 293
Glaeser, B. C., 125, 126
Gleichgerrcht, E., 210, 211
Glidden, L. M., 172, 366
Gliner, J. A., 353
global competition, 239–240
Glueckauf, R. L., 433
goals, 130;
and family perspectives of disability, 168;
goal-directed performance, 49, 53–54, 56;
goal striving, 98;
and hope theory, 159;
and self-determination, 123, 128, 146–47;
and self-regulated learning, 272–73
Goddard, Henry Herbert, 5
Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ), 85
Goffman, Erving, 293
Goldbeck, L., 216
Golfus, Billy, 281
Gomez, J., 383
Gomez, L. E., 42
Gomez, S., 328
good-life framework, 431–32
Gordon, A., 330
Gorzkowski, J. A., 253
Gracias (Nouwen), 237–38
Granlund, M., 456, 458, 463
Grant, S. H., 483
Graves, A. W., 268
Green, C. W., 467
Greenberg, J. S., 55
Greenberg, M. T., 166, 191, 482
Greenspan, S., 199, 499
Grevell, P., 324
Griffin, D. K., 353
Grossman, P., 107
group therapy, 100, 161
growth after acquiring a disability, 432–33
Guattari, Felix, 289
Guilford, 328
gullibility, 199
Gullone, E., 512
Gunter, P. L., 483
Gunther, R. E., 204
Guscia, R., 326, 328, 329
Gustafsson, 328
Gutierrez-Recacha, P., 127
Gysbers, N. C., 246
H
Haley, W. E., 100
Hallahan, D. P., 268
Hamiel, D., 188, 189
Hamilton, M., 515
Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A), 87
Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, 515
Hammel, J., 455
Hampton, J. L., 258–59
handicap term, 9, 10
Hanson, K., 190
happiness, 29;
aspects of, 446–47;
and cognitive and developmental disabilities, 446–47;
predictors of, 431;
and sensory disabilities, 457;
and severe multiple disabilities, 455, 465
Harper, S., 412
Harries, J., 326, 328, 329
Harris, A. H. S., 510, 521
Harris, K. R., 271
Harrison, A. N., 206
Harrison, P. L., 110
Harrower, J. K., 459
Harry, B., 69, 70–71, 72–74
Hart, K., 20, 25–26, 243, 244
Hartel, C. R., 106
Harter, S., 122
Hartley, S. L., 200, 464
Hartup, W. W., 62
Hartzell, H. E., 186, 187
Hastings, R. P., 173
Hatton, C., 42
Hauser-Cram, P., 170
Hawkins, J. D., 190, 191
Haworth, J., 84
Hayden, M. F., 324
Headey, B., 511
Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), 86
health conditions, 10, 28. See also specific conditions
Heap, J., 199
hearing disability, 375, 376
The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter (McCullers), 293
Heartland Forgiveness Scale, 518
Heaven�s Very Special Child (unknown), 232
Heber, R., 106, 107
Heiman, 71
Held, B. S., 522
Helff, C. M., 172, 366
Helping the Noncompliant Child, 485
hemophilia, 52
Hennike, J. M., 326
Henry, D., 483
Heppner, M. J., 246
Hershey, Laura, 282
Heumann, Judy, 280
Hickson, F., 69, 72, 73–74
Hickson, L., 207
“hidden” disabilities, 4
“high risk” children, 182
Hill, K. G., 190
Hill, Napoleon, 140
Hill, R., 174
Hirschi, A., 249
history of disability practices, 3–6
The History of My Shoes and Darwin�s Theory of Evolution (Fries), 288
Hitler, Adolf, 414
HIV/AIDS, 96–97, 167, 168
Hoch, S. J., 204
Hockenberry, John, 285, 290, 292
Hoffman, A., 120–21, 395, 398, 406
Holburn, S., 330, 331
holistic approaches, 8
Holland, J. L., 247
Hollon, S. D., 481
homeostasis
homeostatically protected mood (HPMood), 513, 518, 520
hope and hope theory, 56, 154–162;
and autism, 502;
and benefits of hope, 158–161;
and childhood development, 157;
and coping strategies, 96–97;
described, 156–57;
and hope interventions, 161–62;
and measurement issues, 157–58;
precursors to, 155–56. See also optimism
Hope Index, 156
Hope Scale, 155, 157, 159, 162
Horn, 328
Horner, R. H., 309, 503
Hornyak, R. S., 271
Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), 84, 85
Hostyn, I., 466, 469
Howard, F., 510
“How Much Confidence Do I Have in Myself?” questionnaire, 254
Hu, X., 373, 374, 383, 387
Huebner, E. S., 477
Hughes, C., 62, 64–65, 77
Huijsmans, L. M., 467
Human Activity Profile, 84
human capacity, 26–27
humanistic psychology, 8, 522
humor, 97
Hunt, J., 457
Hupp, S. C., (p. 534) 66
Hyperlexia (journal), 282
I
Iarocci,, 375
Ibáñez, A., 210, 328
IDEA-2004, 483
Ideas and Attitude on School-Career Future, 255
identity, 281–83;
and aging with a disability, 415–19;
and categorizing disability, 291;
collective identity, 285;
identity based disability model, 285–86;
identity politics, 289, 297;
identity studies, 290, 296–97
immigration policy, 5
impairment term, 9
impulsivity, 201, 208, 214
inaction, 201
inclusion, 76, 230, 241, 304, 324–25
Inclusion International, 13
income, 174
income levels, 373, 374
Incredible Years Parent Program, 485, 487
independence, 24, 39, 230
Independent Living Movement, 280
Individualized Education Plans (IEPs), 130, 144, 397, 401
individualized support: components of, 41;
effects of quality of life concept, 42–45;
individualized support plans (ISPs), 14–15, 16, 41
Individualized Support Project (ISP), 311
individual-referenced quality of life, 38
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), 370, 397
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA), 397, 401, 444
inequalities and aging, 411
influence, 237
informational support, 99
initiation (pivotal behavior), 459
injuries: and exercise, 82–84;
and hope theory, 159, 160;
and optimism, 52–53, 55
insider-outsider perspectives, 430–31
instincts, 204
Institute for Rehabilitation Research (TIRR) Symptom Checklist, 83
instrumental support, 100
Instrument for Classification and Assessment of Support Needs (I-CAN), 326–27, 331
insula, 211, 214
intellectual and closely related developmental disabilities (IDD): and ecological model of disability, 40;
and paradigm shifts, 38, 45–46;
and public policy shifts, 38;
and quality of life concept, 38–40;
quality of life�s impact on, 42–45;
and support systems, 41–42
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IASSIDD), 242
Intellectual and Developmental Disability (IDD), 242
intellectual capacity, 27
intellectual disabilities (ID), 22, 23, 26;
AAIDD’s definition of, 321;
and adaptive behavior, 106;
and aging with a disability, 415, 416, 418, 419;
and decision making, 205, 206, 207, 208, 214, 215, 216–19, 221;
and exercise, 87;
and family perspectives of disability, 166, 168, 169–172, 174, 176, 177;
and family quality of life (FQOL), 367;
and friendship, 65–75;
historical trends in, 321–25;
and leisure activities, 88;
and quality of life, 37–46;
and quality of life (QOL), 460;
and quality of life assessments, 465;
and research trends, 26–27;
and resiliency, 447;
and self-determination, 460;
and self-regulated learning, 266;
and social connectedness, 418;
and social environment, 63–75;
social limitations associated with, 199–200;
and social well-being, 60–63, 63–75, 75–78;
and supported employment, 353
intellectual versus adaptive functioning, 107–8
intelligence, 5, 69, 107. See also IQ tests and scores
intention, 118
intentional communities, 69–70, 74
intentions, 209
interest (pivotal behavior), 459
internal locus of control, 254
International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IASSIDD), 13, 453
International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF), 7, 9, 10, 14, 23, 40, 260, 317, 434, 443
International Classification of Impairments, Disability and Handicap (ICIDH), 9–10
International Conference of the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance (IAEVG), 241
International Family Quality of Life Project, 383
International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance (IJEVG), 242
The International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-Being (QHW), 243
international law and norms, 13
Internet, 100–101, 239, 282
interpersonal relations: indicators, 39;
and individualized supports, 42;
and QOL domains, 61;
and quality of life domains, 13
interventions: and promotion of friendships, 66–68;
and self-determination, 128–130
“In the Country of the Blind” (Wells), 292
intimacy, 71, 73, 77
Intrinsically Interesting Behaviors (IIB), 138
Intrinsically Valuable Outcomes (IVO), 138
intrinsic motivations, 118
intuition, 203–4, 204, 205, 209, 210, 213
Inventing the Feeble Mind: A History of Mental Retardation in the United States (Trent), 292
Inventory for Client and Agency Planning (ICAP), 111
Inventory for Client and Agency Planning (ICAP), 326
involuntary sterilization, 5
IQ tests and scores, 328, 443, 457;
and adaptive behavior, 107–8;
and autism diagnosis, 496;
and family perspectives of disability, 170;
and history of positive psychology, 22, 27;
and self-determination research, 125, 126;
and self-determined learning, 139
Ireland, M., 186
isolation, 417
Italian Network–University Training in Vocational Guidance, 260
Item Response Theory (IRT), 112
“It’s Our Story,” 280
Izzo, M. V., 200–201
J
Jack, S., 483
Jackson, C. W., 375, 376
Jackson, W. T., 160
Jacobs, J. E., 216
Jacobson, J. W., 331
Jahoda, M., 497–98
Jameson, Fredric, 289
Jamison, Kay Redfield, 293
Janoff-Bulman, R., 95
Japanese culture, 275–76
Jawaid, A., 220
Jefferson, Blind Lemon, 292
Jenseits der Stille (1996), 293
Jenson, E. R., 485
job coaching, 67
Job Knowledge Interview (JKI), 247
Job Satisfaction Survey, 248
Johnsen, E. P., 272
Johnson, Blind Willie, 292
Johnson, J. L., 517
Johnson, Mary, 280
Johnston, J. A., 246
joint attention (pivotal behavior), 459
Jones, B., 128
Jorgensen, J., 127
Journal of Career Assessment (JCA), 242
Journal of Career Development (JCD), 242, 244
The Journal of Happiness Studies, 243
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research (JIDR), (p. 535) 242
Journal of Literary and Cultural Disability Studies (JLCDS), 293
The Journal of Positive Psychology, 20, 27–28
The Journal of Positive Psychology (JPP), 243
The Journal of Vocational Behavior (JVB), 242
Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation (JVR), 243, 244
Joyner, Hannah, 292
Judaism, 231, 232, 235
Judge, S. L., 169
The Jukes (Dugdale), 5
just world theory, 96, 518, 519
juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), 86
K
Kafer, Alison, 290
Kahneman, D., 202–3, 204, 205, 207, 208, 210, 219
Kaladjian, A., 173
The Kallikak Family (Goddard), 5
Kansas Inventory of Parental Perceptions, 173
Karremans, J. C, 521
Karst, G. M., 85
Karvonen, M., 128
Kasari, C., 199
Kashdanb, T. B., 516
Kasser, T., 118
Katz, L. F., 210
Kaysen, Susanna, 293
Kazantzis, N., 216
Kazdin Method for Parenting the Defiant Child: No Pills, No Therapy, No Contest of Wills, 485
Keane, S., 460
Keany, K. M. H., 433
Keating, D. P., 209
Keim, J., 248
Keith, K. D., 44
Kelchner, K., 127, 501
Keller, Helen, 292, 293
Kelly, E. H., 253
Kelly, T. H., 207–8
Kennedy, C. H., 128
Kesey, Ken, 293
Ketz, K., 248
Khemka,, 216–17
Kilpatrick, S. D., 517
Kingsbury, Emily, 232
Kirby, D., 201
Kirby, N., 326, 328, 329
Kirchner, N., 42
Kirschman, K. J. B., 515
Klaas, S. J., 253
Klaczynski, P. A., 216
Kleege, Georgina, 285, 290, 291
Klein, G., 212–13
Kluwer, E. S., 521
Knafo, S., 206
Knapp, M., 463
Knokey, A., 142
Knowles, E., 121
Knox, M., 69, 72, 73–74
Knussen, C., 96
Kober, R., 380, 385, 387
Koegel, L, K., 459
Koegel, R. L., 309, 459
Konrad, M., 128
Konstantareas, M. M., 497
Koo, M., 513, 516
Kosiewicz, M. M., 268
Kosterman, R., 190
Kozma, A., 512
Kraemer, H. C., 184
Krappman, L., 62
Krieshok, T. K., 161, 162
Kuhn, T. S., 38, 318
Kumashiro, M., 521
Kunreuther, H. C., 204
Kuppens, S., 328
Kuppers, Petra, 282, 290
Kurylo, M., 159
Kush, K., 254
Kushner, Harold, 230
Kuusisto, Stephen, 285, 290, 291
Kyzar, K. B., 366, 379
L
Lachapelle, Y., 127
Lachwitz, Klaus, 13
Lackaye, T. D., 160
Lakin, Charlie, 108
Lakin, K. C., 324
Lambeth, Laurie, 282
Lancioni, G. E., 461, 462, 467, 468
Lane, K. L., 125, 126
language: American Sign Language, 291;
and autism, 459;
in disability culture, 281;
disability-laden phrases and metaphors, 287;
language disabilities, 272;
and severe multiple disabilities, 459
Laor, N., 189
Lapper, Alison, 289
LaRIOS Laboratory, 250, 258
latent growth curve (LGC), 170
Latino families, 176–78
Lattimore, J., 127
Lau, A. L. D., 76
Laughlin, Harry H., 4
Lawford, Herbert (Bertie), 417
Lawrence, M., 131
Lawton and Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, 84
Lawton Scores, 84
Lazarus, R. S., 92, 94
learned helplessness, 49, 122
learning disabilities, 140, 160, 162, 185–86
Lease, S. H., 248
�Leave No Family Behind� model, 371
Lebanon war, 188
Lee, E. J., 427
Lee, G. P., 209, 366
Lee, S. H., 128, 131
Leeds Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Scale (LMSQOL), 85
Leffert, J., 199
Lehmann, J., 128
Lehrer, Riva, 286, 289
leisure activities, 87–88, 467
Leisure Satisfaction Scale (LSS), 88
Leland, Henry, 113
Lenz, J. G., 255
Lenzi, M., 184
Lerner, J. S., 209
Levine, Madeleine, 405
Levine, P., 142, 152
Lewin, Kurt, 429–430
Lewinian lifespace model, 511
Lewis, Jerry, 282
liberty (societal value placed on), 368
Lickenbrock, D. M., 169
Liebe Perla (1999), 281
Lienemann, T. O., 268, 273
Liepert, J., 436
life course approach to aging, 409–11
life design approach to career development, 247–251
Life Design Group, 246
life expectancies, 412, 414. See also age and aging
Life Orientation Test, 49–50
Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R), 174
life reviews, 416–17
life satisfaction, 160, 478, 520
lifespan perspective, 303
lifestyle changes, 303, 307–8
Lim, K. H., 28
limbic system, 208
Lin, S.-Y., 86
Linkins, M., 510
Linley, P. A., 452, 513
Linton, Simi, 286, 289, 290
literature and literary devices, 286, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292
Little, T. D., 28, 117, 128, 130, 150, 328
Lives Worth Living (2011), 283
Livneh, H., 94
Lloyd, J., 268
Lobb, C., 42
Locke, John, 117
locus of control, 160
Lodge, David, 293
Loewenstein, G., 209
logistical challenges, 74–75, 76–77
Loheac, Y., 210
loneliness, 61, 64, 69
Long, A. R., 86
Longmore, Paul K., 285
Lopez, S. J., 243, 244, 253;
and history of positive psychology, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29;
and hope research, (p. 536) 160, 162;
and positive psychology research, 510
López, S. R., 177
Lorde, Audre, 293
Loughlin, G., 199
Lovaas, O. Ivar, 498
Love, P. F., 199
Lowe, K., 108
Lucas, R. E., 101, 513
Luchies, L. B., 521
Luckasson, R. A., 106
Luckmann, Thomas, 284
Luczak, Raymond, 289
Luecking, R. G., 357
Lunsky, Y., 328
Luskin, Frederic, 228
Lustig, D. C., 248
Lyons, 55
Lyubomirsky, S., 434, 510, 515
M
MacAdam-Crisp, J., 375
Macko, R. F., 84
MacLachlan, M., 96
MacLean, W., 464
magical model of happiness, 512
Magnificent Obsession (1954), 292
Mahoney, G., 459
mainstreaming, 61, 324–25. See also education
Mairs, Nancy, 289, 292
Making Action Plans (MAPS), 15
maladaptive outcomes, 185
Malesky, A., 248
malleable risk factors, 184
Maltby, J., 513
managerial decisions, 43
Manes, F., 210
Mank, David, 347
Mannan, H., 373
Marcel, G., 155
Marchand, C. B., 42
Margalit, M., 160
marriages and marital well-being, 54, 366, 518
Marshall, L. H., 130
Marshmallow Test, 139, 140
Martin, B., 522
Martin, C. A., 207–8
Martin, J. E., 144, 405
Martin, K. A., 82–83, 130
Martinez-Leal, R., 324
Martinez-Pons, M., 140
Martorell, A., 127
Maslow, A. H., 61, 317
Mason, C., 128
Masten, A. S., 93, 178, 182
mastery motivation, 121–22
material well-being, 13, 39, 42
Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant, 370
Maternal and Title V of the Social Security Act, 370
Maternal Behavior Rating Scale (MBRS), 469
maternal optimism, 54–55
Matheson, C., 69, 71, 73, 77
Matlin, Marlee, 293
Matson, J. L., 496
Matuszewski, J., 122
Mauger, P. A., 517
Maughan, D. R., 485
Maxwell, L. E., 183
Maydeu-Olivares, A., 201
McConkey, R., 74
McCullers, Carson, 293
McCullough, M. E., 516, 517–18, 520
McDermott, D., 161
McGill Action Planning Strategy (MAPS), 330
McIntyre, L. L., 176, 177
McLaughlin, C. A., 327
McLean, L. A., 54
McNulty, J. K., 220, 488, 521
McParland, J. L., 96
McRuer, Robert, 281, 287, 290
McTell, Blind Willie, 292
McVilly, K. R., 64, 66, 69
McWhirter, E. H., 124–25
McWilliam, R. A., 379
MDA Telethon, 282
meaning-focused coping, 167
meaningfulness, 455
meaning-making, 95–96
Mean Little Deaf Queer (Galloway), 292
mediators, 478
Medicaid Home and Community-Based Services (HCBS), 341
medical model of disability, 22, 284–85, 286, 294, 318–19
meditation, 97–98
Meichenbaum, D., 405
memory, 519
Meneghetti, M. M., 204
Mengele, Josef, 281
mental health care, 161
mental illness, 25, 353, 354
mental retardation, 443
mentoring, 67, 404
metaphors, 287, 292
methodological practices, variety in, 304
Metzl, Jonathan, 290
Meyer, J. E., 520
Michalowski, J., 479
microswitch-based stimulation, 467
Middle Ages, 4
Midstream (Keller), 292
mild intellectual disability, 64
military, 191
Miller, A., 523
Miller, D. N., 477
Millera, N., 516
Miller Hope Scale, 155
Milsap, Ronnie, 292
mind, theory of, 501
The Miracle Worker (Keller), 292
Mischel, W., 139
Missing Pieces (Zola), 290
mission of positive psychology, 21
Mitchell, David, 281, 286, 291
Mithaug, D. E., 120, 122, 123, 141, 144, 146, 400, 405
Mithaug, D. K., 144, 146
modeling, 404
models of disability, 283–86
moderate intellectual disability, 64, 77
moderators, 478
Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS), 85
Modified Social Support Scale (MSSS), 85
Moffitt, T. E., 139, 209–10
Molleman, C., 328
Montgomery, Cal, 234–35
Mood, Interest, and Pleasure questionnaire (MIPQ), 454–55
Morgan, M. S., 95
Morris, P. A., 183
Moseley, C., 42
Moskowitz, J. T., 167, 433, 498
motivation and motivational states: and decision making, 203, 211, 213;
and risk taking, 208–9;
and self-regulated learning, 266, 268–276;
and supported employment, 360
Motl, R. W., 85
motor impairments, severe multiple disabilities (SMD), 457–58
Motricity Index, 84
Mounts, N. S., 218
mourning period after acquiring a disability, 433
Moving Violations: War Zones, Wheelchairs, and Declarations of Independence (Hockenberry), 285, 290, 292
Mowrer, O. H., 155
Mr. Holland�s Opus (1995), 293
Mullins, Aimee, 292
multiethnicity, 239
multifinality, 185
multipath approaches, 16
multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS), 53
multiple sclerosis, 84–85, 88
Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Inventory (MSQLI), 85
Multiple Sclerosis Self-Efficacy Scale (MSSE), 85
Muraki, S., 83
Murderball (2005), 281–82, 290
Murphy, N. A., 85
Murray, M. J., 200
musicians, 292
My Body Politic (Linton), 286, 290
Myers, T. G., 106
My Future Preferences, 247
My Later Life (Keller), 292
My Present and My Future interview, 249, 250
My Vocational Identity, (p. 537) 248
N
Nafstad, A., 455
naming disability, 291
Napa-Scollon, C. K., 513
narrations, 267
Nasar, Sylvia, 293
Nash, John, 293
National Agenda on Family Support, 379
National Career Development Association (NCDA), 242
National Goals Conference, 370
National Health Interview Survey Disability Supplement, 415
National Institute of Mental Health, 19, 477
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, 186
National Longitudinal Transition Study (NLTS), 141
natural selection, theory of, 288
natural supports, 14, 41
Nazi propaganda art, 295
Nebel-Schwalm, M. S., 496
negative affect (NA), 513–14
negative bias, 430
negative forgiveness, 517, 518, 520
negative language, 9
Nes, L. S., 51
Nesbitt, M., 121
Nestler, J., 216
Netherlands, 459–460
Neto, F., 517
Nettelbeck, T., 326, 328, 329
Neudel, Eric, 283
Neumayer, R., 251
neurodiversity movement, 282
neurogenesis, 435
neurophysiological basis for resiliency, 434–37
neuropsychology, 22
neuroscience, 61
Newman-Gonchar, R., 128
New York University (NYU) Child Study Center, 282
Next S.T.E.P., 402
Nickerson, A. B., 477
Nielsen, Kim, 292
Nihira, K., 107
Nirje, B., 123–24, 394
Nistico, H., 512
No Child Left Behind, 127–28
normal, concept of, 287–88, 297
normalization, 22, 322, 339, 394, 444
normative functioning, 14
normative models of decision making, 202
Norrish, J. M., 510
North Carolina Support Needs Assessment Profile (NC-SNAP), 326
Norton, B., 210
Norway, 459–460
Nota, L., 125, 126, 247, 249, 251, 255, 259, 382
nothing about us without us, 286, 293–94, 395
Nothing About Us Without Us: Disability Oppression and Empowerment (Charlton), 289
Nouwen, Henri, 237–38
Nowak, Achim, 290
Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), 88
nurturance, 62
O
Oaksford, K., 96, 98
objective evaluation, 51
objective needs, 14
objective norms, 11
Obremski, S., 127
O’Brien, Ruth, 289, 290
observation, 270
Ochs, L. A., 246
O’Donnell, J., 190
The Odyssey, 286
Oesterle, S., 191
Office of Disability and Employment Policy (ODEP), 343
Ohio State University, 289
Oishi, S., 513
Oliver, M., 99, 415
Olmstead v. L. C., 343
Olsson, C., 463
Olympia, D., 485
Omar, 207–8
“On (Almost) Passing” (Brueggemann), 290
One Flew Over the Cuckoo�s Nest (Kesey), 293
Onnes, Heike, 326
On the Margins of Citizenship: Intellectual Disability and Civil Rights in Twentieth-Century America (Carey), 292
operant theory, 266, 268
Operation Cast Lead, 189
opportunity, 123, 166–178
optimism: and autism, 502;
benefits of, 447;
and caregivers, 54–55;
and coping strategies, 51, 53, 94–95, 96–97;
dimensionality of, 50, 55;
and family perspectives of disability, 166, 168–69, 177;
and future directions of research, 55–56;
and goal-directed performance, 53–54;
and hope theory, 157, 159;
measuring, 49–50;
and responses to adversity, 52–53;
and risk taking, 208–9;
and school settings, 483;
and self-regulation theory, 48–49, 50–52
orbitofrontal cortex, 211
organismic theory of self-determination, 117
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 260
Oriel, K. N., 85
Orobio de Castro, B., 199
Osborne, J. G., 331
Osgood, D. W., 191
osteoarthritis, 53
Ott, P., 200–201
Ouellette-Kuntz, H., 328
Our Cancer Year (Brabner), 293
outpatient care, 161
Ouwerkerk, J. W., 521
Ovitz, Perla, 281
Owens, J., 220
The Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 20, 22
Ozimkowskia, K. M., 516
P
Padilla-Walker, L. M., 220
Palmer, Parker, 230, 234
Palmer, S. B., 127, 128, 129, 131, 405
paracingulate cortex, 211
paradigms of disability, 22–23
Parent, W., 127
Parent-Child Interaction Rating Scale (PCIRS), 173
Parenting Stress Index, 173
parents and parenting, 54, 168–69;
of adolescents with disabilities, 257–58;
and delinquency prevention, 190;
developmental perspectives on, 292;
and externalizing disorders, 483, 485;
and family perspectives of disability, 169;
and family quality of life, 373;
parent-interaction therapy, 485;
and positive behavior support, 303, 305;
and self-determination, 150–51;
and severe multiple disabilities, 455–56
Pargament, K. I., 517–18
Park, C. L., 96
Park, J., 373, 374
Park, N., 28, 400, 497
Parker, D. R., 404
Parkinson�s disease, 52, 55
participation, 9–10
Participation an Environment questionnaire, 455
partners, 303
“passing,” 290
passivity, 201
A Patch of Blue (1965), 292
pathology model of disability, 4–5, 8, 29
PATH Process (Planning Alternative Tomorrows with Hope), 235, 330
pathway thinking, 156
patience, 169
Patient Determined Disease Steps (PDDS), 85
Patient Report Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), 434
Patterson, David, 231, 232
Patterson, G. R., 484
Patton, J. R., 406
Pavot, W., 28
Pedrotti, J. T., 161, 162
peer buddy programs, 67
peer group effects, (p. 538) 209–10, 215
peer relationships, 185
Peers Engaged in Effective Relationships: A Decision-Making Approach (PEER-DM), 218–19, 220
Pekar, Harvey, 293
Pelley, T. J., 515
Penninx, B. W. J. H., 100
Penn Resiliency Program (PRP), 407, 479
Perceived Quality of Life Scale (PQOL), 83
Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), 83
Perda, A., 127
performance (volitional) control, 270
performance art, 291
“The Performance of Drowning” (Galloway), 292
performance samples, 399
persistence, 139–140
persistent adjustment, 137, 139–140, 145, 151
Perske, R., 124
personal assistance, 460–61
personal development, 13, 39, 42
personal factors in disability, 8, 10
personality traits, 429
personal narratives, 282
Personal Wellbeing Index, 511, 513
person-centered planning (PCP), 15, 40, 235, 237, 330–33
persons in situations (person-environment relation), 429–430
pessimism, 48, 50–51, 53–55, 56, 94
Peter Pan, 286
Peterson, C., 28, 400, 497
Peterson, G. W., 255
Phillips, A., 122
phrases and language of disability, 287
Physical Activity Scale for Individuals with Physical Disabilities (PASIPD), 83, 86
physical disabilities, 353, 354, 427–438;
and coping skills, 94;
and exercise, 86–87;
and good-life framework, 431–32;
and handicapping conditions or circumstances, 428;
and insider-outsider perspectives, 430–31;
key themes of, 432–33;
and leisure activities, 88;
maintenance and prevention emphases of positive psychology in, 427;
and negative bias, 430;
and neurophysiological basis for resiliency, 434–37;
and personality traits, 429;
and public virtues, 429;
and rationale for positive psychology, 428–29;
and rehabilitation psychology, 429–432;
and subjective experiences, 428;
theories and models for positive psychology and, 433–34;
and value-laden beliefs and principles, 431
physical well-being, 39, 42
Piaget-based assessments, 457
PICTURE Method, 330
Piers-Harris 2, 85
Pierson, M. R., 125, 126
pillars of positive psychology, 21–22, 29
pivotal behaviors, 459
Planet of the Blind (Kuusisto), 285, 290, 291
Planning Alternative Tomorrows with Hope (PATH), 15
Plath, Sylvia, 293
Pledger, C., 318
Poe, Edgar Allan, 293
policies, 41, 43, 448–49
Popenoe, Paul, 4
portfolio assessments, 398
positive affect (PA), 513–14
Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), 514
positive behavior support (PBS), 303–14, 503;
and applied behavior analysis, 303, 307;
defining features of, 303–4, 307–8;
family systems applications of, 310–11;
functional assessments in, 306, 308;
historical and conceptual foundations, 304–5;
individual applications of, 308–10;
multicomponent interventions, 306;
and positive psychology, 307–8;
procedural foundations, 305–7;
school-wide and program-wide applications of, 311–13;
themes in, 304
positive coping, and family perspectives of disability, 167–68
positive emotions, and trait resiliency, 93
positive forgiveness, 517, 518
positive growth, 432–33
positive impact, 167–69, 172–73, 176–78
positive parenting, 173–74
positive perceptions, 175–76
positive psychology: and autism spectrum disorders (ASD), 494–503;
and comprehensive frameworks of human functioning, 25;
continuum view of disability, 25;
and coping skills, 91;
effects on literature, 25–28;
and friendship, 60;
future directions, 28–29;
historical trends in, 19–25;
and history of disability research, 5–6;
and hope theory, 157;
intersection with disability field, 25, 29;
and optimism research, 56;
and research trends, 26–28;
and resilience, 182, 192;
and strengths-based approach to disability, 8
Positive Psychology Center, 100
positive reappraisal, 167
positive youth development, 182
positivity, and family perspectives of disability, 168
posterior cingulated cortex, 211, 214
Poston, D. J., 127, 373, 374, 375
post-traumatic growth, 433
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 188
poverty, 185, 191
power in disability culture, 280
Powers, L. E., 121, 122
practical skills, 106
Prader-Willi syndrome, 220
precuneus, 211
prefrontal cortex, 208, 211, 214
Premack principle, 502
Presidential Fitness Test (modified), 85
Pressgrove, C. L., 26, 28
prevention, 182;
and coping strategies, 98;
delinquency prevention, 189–190;
as emphasis in interventions, 304;
and resilience, 188, 192
Prevent-Teach-Reinforce (PTR), 313
primary prevention, 192, 193
Pritz, S. G., 200–201
proactive coping strategies, 92
problem behaviors, 108–9
problem-focused coping, 92, 167
problem solving and decision making, 157, 169, 198–221;
definitions of, 200–202;
developmental perspectives on, 207–11;
interventions to improve, 216–19;
model for research and training, 211–16;
theoretical perspectives on, 202–5;
underpinnings of, 198–202
Problem-Solving Skills Training (PSST), 487
procrastination, 201
Proctor, C., 513
productivity, 230
professional practice, 15–16
professional services, 41
Profiles of Mood States (POMS), 83
profound intellectual disability, 64–65
“programs” for disabled persons, 15
Program-Wide Positive Behavior Support (PWPBS), 313
promotive factors, 186–87, 192
propensity model, 512
prosthetics, 41, 292
protective factors, 186–88
The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease (Metzl), 290
psychoanalysis, 7
psychological disabilities, 293
psychological empowerment, 119
psychopathology, 476–78
Public Law 94–142 �Education of All Handicapped Law� (1975), 283–84
public policy, 37, 38;
and evaluation of personal outcomes, 43;
and individualized support, 41
public virtues, 429
Puchalski, Christina, 237
Q
Quale, A. J., 52–53
quality of life (QOL), 303;
concept of, 38–40;
and coping strategies, 97–98;
defined, 24;
domains of, 12, 13;
and ecological model of disability, (p. 539) 40;
and education, 394;
and exercise, 83–86;
factors and domains of, 39;
four principles of, 38;
and friendships of disabled persons, 61, 64, 77;
and history of positive psychology, 29;
impact on disability field, 37–46;
and individualized support, 41–42;
measurement principles, 44;
outcomes evaluation, 16;
and paradigm shifts, 38, 45–46;
and positive behavior support, 306, 307–10;
and professional practice, 15–16;
and public policy shifts, 38;
and sensory disabilities, 457;
and severe multiple disabilities, 460, 465;
and social networks, 64;
and social well-being, 61, 64, 77;
and socio-ecological model, 24;
and strengths-based approach to disability, 8, 11;
and support systems, 13–15, 41–42;
and UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 12–13
Quality of Life Questionnaire (QOL-Q), 465
Quality of Life Research Questionnaire, 88
Quality of Life Research Unit, 11, 12
Quality of Life Scale-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF), 88
Quality of Well-Being Scale, 83
queer theory and activism, 282, 290, 297
Questionnaire on Resources and Stress (QRS), 173
Quinn, Marc, 289
R
racism, 4–5
Radio (2003), 292
Rafeeyan, Z., 84
The Ragged Edge, 280
Ramsey, E., 484
Ranchor, A. V., 523
“Ransom Notes” ad campaign, 282
Rao, P. A., 200
Raphael, S., 210
Rappaport, J., 119
rational action theory, 202
rational choice theory, 202–3, 206
Rayens, M. K., 207–8
reactive coping strategies, 92
reality negotiation, 433
Realon, R., 467
Reardon, R., 248, 255
Reauthorization of the Rehabilitation Act (1992), 348
Reaven, J., 496
reciprocity, 268–69;
and forgiveness, 517;
and pivotal behaviors, 459;
and social well-being, 62–63, 64–65, 66, 67, 68, 70, 71, 72, 73, 76, 77, 78
Regular Education Initiative (REI), 325
rehabilitation, 160
Rehabilitation Act (1973), 283, 444
Rehabilitation Act Amendments (1986), 339, 340, 348
Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin (RCB), 243
rehabilitation psychology, 27, 429–432
Rehabilitation Psychology, 243
Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA), 343
Reid, D. H., 467
Reid, R., 267, 268, 271, 273
Reinders, Hans, 230, 233
Reiss, D., 119
Reivich, K., 510
The Rejected Body: Feminist Philosophical Reflections on Disability (Wendell), 279
relatedness, 118–19
religion, 177, 373, 374
The Renewal of Generosity (Frank), 234
Renn, D., 513
Reported Health Transition, 83
representations of disability, 286–87, 294–95
Required Behaviors (RB), 138
Required Outcomes (RO), 138
Reschly, D. J., 106
Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD), 26
Research in Developmental Disabilities (RIDD), 26
residences, 373, 374, 378
resilience, 92–94;
and autism, 503;
and children with emotional and behavioral difficulties, 481;
and cognitive and developmental disabilities, 447;
and coping skills, 92–94;
and ecological models, 183–84;
and family perspectives of disability, 178;
future directions of, 191–92;
and history of positive psychology, 21;
neurophysiological basis for, 434–37;
and outcomes, 187–88;
promoting, 188–191;
promotive and protective factors, 186–87;
and risk, 184–86;
secondary and tertiary interventions, 192–93
resource allocation, 334
resource ownership, 345
Response to Intervention (RTI), 275, 400–401, 481
Revised Snyder Hope Scale (RHS), 157, 158, 162
Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale, 88
Reynolds, F., 28
rheumatoid arthritis, 53
RIASEC model, 247
Riby, D. M., 220
Rice, J. M., 268, 271–73
Richards, S., 127;
and self-determination research, 501
Riches, V. C., 326, 328, 329
Riding the Bus with My Sister (2005), 292
The Right to Self-Determination, 124
Rimmer, J. H., 87
Rinne, S., 323
Rios, P., 199
risk, 184–86
risk-taking: developmental perspectives on, 207–11;
and fuzzy-trace theory, 210;
and human dignity, 321
risk-taking tasks, 199–200
Risley, R., 403
Rivermead Mobility Index, 84
“The Road to Myself” program, 162
Robb, C., 100
Roberts, Ed, 319
Roberts, M. C., 515
Robertson, E., 481
Roca, M., 210
Rodbroe, I., 455
Rodriguez, C. M., 483
Rodriguez, M. L., 139
Roehrs, T. G., 85
Roessler, R. T., 246
Rogan, P., 323
role models, 404
Rome, 4
Roos, J., 460
Roosevelt, Theodore, 5
Root, L. M., 520
Rose, L., 377, 378
Rosenberg, H., 353
Rousso, H., 127
Rouster-Stevens, K. A., 86
Rowland, C., 469
Rubin, Henry Alex, 290
Ruble, L. A., 206
Rumenap, J. M., 42
Rutter, M., 185
Ryan, Richard, 395
Ryan, R. M., 118, 403, 406
S
Sailor, A. P., 309
Saito, Y., 381, 382
Sale. P., 130
salutogenesis, 366
Sameroff, A. J., 182, 184, 186
Sample, P., 353
Sampson, J., 248, 255
Sandahl, Carrie, 291
Saramago, José, 292
Sartorius, J., 191
Sasso, T., 20, 26, 243, 244
satisfaction, 29
Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), 85, 249, 513, 514
Savickas, M. L., 241, 248, 260
savoring, 97–98
scaffolding, 273, 274
Scale for Dialogical Meaning Making, 466, 468
Scales of Independent Behavior, 111
Scales of Independent Behavior-Revised (SIB-R), 111
Scent of a Woman (1992), (p. 540) 292
Schalock, R. L., 11, 12, 42, 44, 45, 113, 318, 328, 332, 394, 444
Schanke, A. K., 52–53
Schartz, M., 267
Scheier, M. F., 48, 49
Scheiller, 142
Schiller, E., 142
Schippers, A., 380
Schkade, D., 510
Schmidt, C. K., 26, 27
Schmidt, M., 385, 387
Schulz, P. E., 220
Schumaker, J. B., 127
Schunk, D. H., 268, 270, 271–73
Schuyler, V., 241
Schwartz, A. A., 331
Schwartz, A. J., 403
Schwartz, M., 127
Schweigert, P., 469
Scorgie, K., 366
Scotch, Richard, 283
Scott, H. E., 26
Scott, Judith, 291
Scott, S., 379
secondary intersubjectivity, 459
secondary intervention, 192–93
Seel, K., 204
Segerstrom, S. C., 50, 51
segregation of the disabled, 4, 5, 22
Seguin, E., 443
Seifer, R., 184
self-advocacy, 22, 128, 162
The Self-Advocacy Strategy (student involvement program), 402
Self-Advocacy Strategy for Education and Transition Planning, 402
self-determination, 230;
and adult outcomes, 126–27;
and aging with a disability, 418–19;
AIR Self-Determination Scale, 400;
Arc’s Self-Determination Scale, 399;
and autism, 495, 501;
and causal agency, 122–24;
characteristics of, 445–46;
and cognitive and developmental disabilities, 445–46, 449;
and disability and empowerment, 124–25;
ecological model of, 120;
and education, 394–96, 397;
five-step model of, 120–21, 395–96;
functional model of, 119–120;
and hope, 160;
indicators, 39;
and individualized supports, 42;
interventions to promote, 128–131;
and Intra-Individual Factors, 125–26;
and learning, 137–152;
and learning models, 149–150;
and learning theory, 144;
and “learning to learn” problem, 140–44, 144–151;
Mastery Motivation and Efficacy Expectations, 121–22;
and persistence, 139–140;
in personality psychology, 117–18;
in philosophy, 117;
and quality of life domains, 13;
and rights of the disabled, 22;
and school outcomes, 127–28;
and self-determination, 126;
Self-Determination Assessment Battery, 400;
self-determination Initiative, 394–95;
and self-regulated problem solving, 120;
and sensory disabilities, 457;
and severe multiple disabilities, 460;
and strengths-based approach to disability, 15;
theories of, 118–19
Self-Determination Assessment Battery, 131
Self-Determination Theory (SDT), 395, 406
Self-Determined Career Development Model (SDCDM), 127
Self-Determined Learning Model of Instruction, self-determination, 405
self-determined learning model of instruction, 129–130, 146–47
Self-Determined Learning Model of Instruction (SDLMI), 128, 129, 131, 150
Self-Directed IEP, 402
self-discipline, 139
self-efficacy, 121–22, 157, 167–68, 204;
and self-regulated learning, 266, 268–69, 270–72;
and vocational guidance, 246–47, 254–55
self-employment, 344–45
self-esteem, 101, 159, 185
self-governance, 124
self-image, 185
self-instruction, 267–68, 271–72
self-interest, and learning, 137, 138, 139, 150–52
self-judgement, 269
self-management strategies, 67
self-monitoring, 266–67, 270, 271
self-observation, 269
Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), 83
self-reactions, 269
self-realization, 119
self-reflection, 101, 270;
and career development, 254;
and self-regulated learning, 270, 274–75
Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD), 268, 273
self-regulation: and autism, 501;
and family perspectives of disability, 168;
and problem solving, 120;
and self-determination, 120;
and self-determination research, 129–130;
and self-determined learning, 137, 139, 143, 144, 145, 146–47, 148, 150, 151;
theory, 48–49, 50–52, 56, 119
self-regulation (self-regulated learning), 265–276;
assumptions about, 266;
cyclical nature of, 269–270;
definition of, 265;
and future research, 275–76;
and goals, 272–73;
implications for practice, 274–75;
and operant theory, 266;
processes of, 269;
and reciprocal interactions, 268–69;
research on, 271;
and self-instruction, 267–68, 271–72;
and self-monitoring, 266–67, 271;
and self-regulated strategy development, 273–74;
and self-reinforcement, 268;
and social cognitive theory, 268;
social to self progression, 270–71
self-reinforcement, 268
self-respect, 521
self-verbalization, 271–72
Seligman, Martin, 407, 443, 446–47
Seligman, M. E. P.: and Comprehensive Soldier Fitness (CSF), 191;
and critiques of positive psychology, 522;
focus on social well-being, 60;
on forgiveness, 519, 520–21;
and history of positive psychology, 19–20, 21, 26, 28–29;
and positive psychology, 497, 509–10;
and self-determination research, 121–22;
and self-determined learning, 139;
and subjective well-being homeostasis, 515
Selznick, Brian, 293
sensory disabilities, 292;
severe multiple disabilities (SMD), 456–57;
and supported employment, 354. See also specific disabilities
Serketch, W. J., 485
Service Need Assessment Profile, 326
severe disabilities, 144, 148–49
severe multiple disabilities (SMD), 452–470;
assessment and intervention, 462–69;
and assistive technology, 461–62;
and behavior style, 456;
and body functioning problems, 456;
cognitive impairments, 457;
communication of, 453;
and environmental experiences, 458;
and episodic memory, 453, 457;
impairment interaction, 458;
individual-level outcomes for, 453–55;
interpersonal-level outcomes for, 455–56;
and mechanisms in positive psychology, 459–462;
motor impairments, 457–58;
optimal functioning with, 462–63;
and pivotal behaviors, 459;
positive relations for people with, 456;
and processes in positive psychology, 458–59;
and quality of life, 460, 465;
sensory impairments, 456–57;
and subjective well-being (SWB), 453–55;
wellsprings of optimal function for people with, 456–58
Sgaramella, M. T., 247
Shadlow, J. O., 515
Shaffer, E. J., 476
Shaked, M., 200
Shakespeare, William, 3
Shank, J., 86–87
Shapiro, Dana Adam, 290, 319
Shapiro, J., 177
shared disabilities, 73
Sharpton, W. R., 354
Sheehey, P. H., 330
Sheinman, L., (p. 541) 403
Sheldon, K. M., 118, 510
sheltered employment, 323–24, 338
Sheppard, Alice, 290
Shoda, 139
Shogren, K., 200, 444, 447;
and history of positive psychology, 26;
and hope theory, 160;
and optimism research, 55;
and positive psychology field, 3;
and self-determination research, 125, 126, 128, 130, 131
Shores, R. E., 483
shortcuts, mental, 204
Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), 83–84, 85, 88
Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ), 85
Short Physical Performance Battery, 84
siblings of disabled children, 366, 375, 448
sickle cell disease, 159
Sigafoos, A. D., 119
Sigafoos, J., 324
Sight Unseen (Kleege), 285, 290, 291
significant disability (term), 339–340
Sikora, D. M., 200
Silfen, M., 141
similarity, 73, 75–76
Simon, Rachel, 292
Simon Birch (1998), 292
Sin, N. L., 510, 515
Sinclair, Jim, 282
Singer, Judy, 282
Singer, Peter, 230
Siperstein, G. N., 65, 66, 75, 199
Sitlington, P. L., 398, 406
situational assessments, 399
skill acquisition, 499
Skinner, B. F., 266, 498
Skinner, E. A., 117–18
Skinner, G. G., 177
Skinner, M, 177
Slovenia, 383, 385, 387
Small, B., 100
Smit, I. H., 467
Smith, A. C., 128
Smith, H. L., 101
Smith, R. S., 185, 187
Smith, Tyler, 283
Smith, W. J., 207–8
Smull, Michael, 330, 332
Snell, M. E., 325
snoezelen, 467
Snyder,, 281
Snyder, C. R., 117, 154–162
Snyder, Sharon, 286, 291, 297
Sobsey, D., 366
social acceptance, 62, 65, 66, 68, 76
social cognitive model, 246–47, 268
social comparison theory, 98
social competence, 106
social connectedness, 417–18, 431
social constructionism, 284
The Social Construction of Reality (Luckmann), 284
social contexts, 7, 8, 209–10
social development model (SDM), 189–190
social disconnection, 61
social-ecological model, 23–24, 25, 28, 29
social/environmental factors, 268–69
social exclusion and isolation, 63
social inclusion: and friendship, 61–63;
indicators, 39;
and individualized supports, 42;
and QOL domains, 61;
and quality of life domains, 13
social intelligence, 199
social interaction, 500
social limitation associated with intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorders, 199–200
social model of disability, 284–85, 286
social networks, 64
social participation, 24, 39
social phobia, 482
Social Provisions Scale, 85
Social Relationships List, 88
social sciences, 8
Social Security Administration, 348
social skills, 67, 105–6, 125, 185, 486–87
social support, 98–101, 169
social validity of interventions, 303, 306
social well-being, 60–78;
and companionship, 70–75;
described, 60–61;
and friendship, 61–63, 65–70, 75–78;
and intellectual disability, 63–75;
and need to belong, 61;
and social networks, 64–65
socioemotional system, 208
Socrates, 497
Solomonica-Levi, D., 200
Sontag, Susan, 293
Soresi, S., 125, 126, 241, 249, 251, 255, 259, 381, 382
Soukup, J. H., 128
South, M., 199
South Korea, 383, 385, 386
Sowers, J., 121, 122
Spain, 383, 386
Sparrow, S. S., 112
Sparta, 4
speaking in representation of disability, 295
Spear, P., 208
Specht, J., 88
“special benefits” view, 172–73
special education, 131, 140–41, 393–94;
and externalizing disorders, 483;
secondary and tertiary interventions, 193;
and self-determination, 127, 140–43, 144–45, 151–52;
and social well-being, 65
Special Education Elementary Longitudinal Study (SEELS), 141
Special Olympics, 290
spina bifida, 88
spinal cord injury (SCI): and exercise, 82–83;
and hope theory, 159–160;
and leisure activities, 88
spirituality, 226–238, 373, 374
Spooner, F,, 128
Staats, S. R., 155–56
staff direction, and individualized support, 41
stage-based decision making theories, 203
stakeholders, 303, 305
Stancliffe, R. J., 328, 460
Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, 12
Standen, P. J., 496
Stanovich, K. E., 205, 206, 221
Staring Back: The Disability Experience from the Inside Out (Fries), 280, 292
State Hope Scale (SHS), 157, 158, 162
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), 83
Steel, R., 385, 387
Steen, T. A., and positive psychology, 497
Steinberg, L., 208, 210, 218
Steps to Self-Determination curriculum, 400, 406
stereotypes, 204, 411, 417
sterilization, 5
Stevens, N., 62
Stevens, S. L., 83
Stevenson, H. C., 145
Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity (Goffman), 293
stimulus-response, 116
Stock, S., 131
Stones, M. J., 512
The Story of My Life (Keller), 292
Stotland, E., 155–56
Stowe, M. S., 368, 369
Strauser, D. R., 248
strengths-based approaches: and AAIDD Model of Human Functioning, 10;
and history of positive psychology, 21, 26;
implications for professional practice, 15–16;
and quality of life, 8, 11, 12–13;
and research trends, 27;
Seligman’s call for, 20;
and support systems, 10–11, 13–15;
and UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 11–13;
and understanding disability, 8;
and WHO models of disability, 9–10
stress: and autism, 497;
and family perspectives of disability, 172;
and forgiveness, 520;
and parenting, 169–172;
and physical health, 170;
and resilience, 184–85, 188;
and subjective well-being homeostasis, 518
stress reduction, 98
stretch goals, 159
striatum insula cortex, 211
Stroke Impact Scale (SIS), 84
strokes, 435–37
Strong Kids programs, (p. 542) 482
Strong Start program, 482
Strong Teens program, 482
structural support, 99
structured stimulation, 467
The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (Kuhn), 318
Studenski, S., 84
student-directed learning and instruction, 146, 405–6
Student-Directed Transition Planning Program, 130–31
A Student’s Guide to the IEP, 402
study skills, 151–52
subjective evaluation, 51
subjective experiences, 428
subjective needs, 14
subjective norms, 11
subjective well-being (SWB): and children with emotional and behavioral difficulties, 475–79, 488;
and emotional and behavioral difficulties, 475–79, 484, 488;
and intellectual disability, 76;
and sensory disabilities, 456–57;
set point for, 478;
and severe multiple disabilities, 453–55, 453–57, 463–65, 469
subjective well-being homeostasis, 509–23;
characteristics of, 510–14;
and critiques of positive psychology, 522–23;
and forgiveness, 517–522;
and gratitude, 515–17;
and positive psychology, 509–10, 514–15
substance abuse disorders, 480
Suh, E. M., 101
suicide, 186, 477, 479, 480
Suldo, Shannon, 476–77, 479
Sullivan, H. S., 62
Sumi, C., 142
Summers, J. A., 366, 373, 379, 380, 382, 383, 386
Sumter, S. R., 210
Sundararajan, L., 522
Superheroes Social Skills Program, 487
supported employment, 338–362;
assessment and profile of job seeker, 355–56;
benefits to business, 356–57;
and competitive employment, 340;
concept and history of, 338–341;
core values of, 341–43;
customized employment, 343–45;
and employer satisfaction, 352;
and employment outcome monitoring and tracking system, 351;
employment specialists, 340–41;
and hours worked weekly, 349;
implementation of, 355–362;
and integrated work settings, 340;
and integration and community participation, 351–52;
job creation, 358–59;
job development, 356;
lead generation, 357–58;
and meaningful employment, 347;
quality employment services, 345–353;
and quality indicators, 352–53;
research on, 353–55;
retention support, 350–51, 361–62;
self-employment, 344–45;
training and support, 359–361
supported living, 324
Supporting Young Adults Who Are Deaf-Blind in Their Communities, 354
Support Needs Scale, 330
support organizations, 448
supports and support needs, 10–11, 13–15, 317–334;
and AAIDD Model of Human Functioning, 10;
age considerations in, 320–21;
assessment data, 333–34;
chronicity of support needs, 320;
conceptual foundations, 318–19;
critical issues in, 328–330;
extraordinary support needs, 319–320;
and friendship, 71, 77;
and intellectual disability, 321–25;
in an interdependent society, 320;
measuring support needs, 320, 325–28;
and personal outcome categories, 42;
person-centered planning processes, 330–33;
and professional practice, 15–16;
resources, 14;
socio-ecological model, 24;
strategies, 14–15;
supports paradigm, 318–19. See also supported employment
Supports Intensity Scale (SIS), 326, 327–330, 331, 334, 367
surface structure, 62–63
Suttie, J., 324
Svetaz, M. V., 186, 188
Sweden, 459–460
Sweet Hearts (Thon), 293
Swinton, John, 230
Switzky, H., 199
systems changes in interventions, 303
Szatmari, P., 497
T
TAB (temporarily able-bodied), 288
Taiwan, 383, 385, 386
TAKE CHARGE model, 122, 402
Taking ACTION Treatment Program, 482
talking back, 281
Talk Talk (Boyle), 293
tangible support, 99
�The Tango: What Deaf Studies and Disability Studies Do� (Brueggemann), 289
Taplin, J., 326, 328
Tarar, T., 220
TASH, 282
Tassé, M. J., 106, 109, 327, 328
Taub, E., 435
Taunt, H. M., 173
Taylor, S. E., 92, 168
Taylor, S. J., 324
teachers, 190, 258–59, 266, 269
technology: assistive technology, 461–62;
and individualized support, 41;
and self-regulated learning, 276
Tedeschi, R. G., 523
“Tell-Tale Heart” (Poe), 293
telomeres, 170
temperament, 477–78
The Tempest (Shakespeare), 3
temporoparietal junction, 211
Tennen, H., 523
Tennessee Self-Concept Scale, 519
tertiary intervention, 192–93
Tesser, A., 511
Test, D. W., 128, 130
themes of positive psychology, 242, 244
theoretical perspectives, variety in, 304
Thinking about the Future questionnaire, 248
Thomas, A., 477–78
Thompson, E., 127
Thompson, J. R., 327, 328, 330, 331
Thomson, William, 326
Thon, Melanie Rae, 293
Thoresen, C. E., 510, 517–18, 521
Three-Stratum Model, 328
Through Deaf Eyes (2007), 281–82
Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act (1999), 348
Tilson, G. P., 357
Tioxfordhb-Up and Go Test (TUGT), 87
time-sampling measures, 267
Tiresias, 292
Tobin, Siebers, 295
Tollefson, N., 272
Tolstoy, Leo, 234
Torralva, T., 210
Toth, S. L., 184, 192, 193
Tough Kid Parent Book: Practical Solutions to Tough Childhood Problems, 485
Tracy, D. B., 272
trait resilience, 93–94
transactional theory of coping, 102, 171
traumatic injury, 52–53, 55, 83–84, 159, 160
Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children (TEACCH model), 499–500, 501, 502–3
trends in disability practices, 3
Trent, James, 292
Trevarthen, C., 459
Triemstra, A. H. M., 52
Trip to Holland (Kingsbury), 232
Trout, A. L., 267
Tugade, M. M., 93
Turnbull, Ann, 166, 235
Turnbull, A. P., 366, 369, 370, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 379, 381, 382, 383
Turnbull, H. R., 368, 369, 372, 373, 374, 380
Turner, A., 121, 122
Turner Broadcasting Systems (TBS), 286–87
Tutu, Desmond, 227
Tversky, A., 202–3
twin studies, (p. 543) 56, 139
U
UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 7, 11–13
unification of psychology, 28–29
United Kingdom, 415
United Nations Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (UNCRPD), 297, 325
Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 12
universal design for learning (UDL), 503
University Network for Innovation in Guidance (Erasmus Academic Network—NICE), 260
University of Pennsylvania, 100
University of Sydney�s Centre for Developmental Disability Studies, 326
University of Toronto, 11
An Unquiet Mind (Jamison), 293
Unspeakable: The Junius Wilson Story (Joyner), 292
Urlings, H., 416
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 477
U.S. Department of Education, 394–95, 445
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 477
U.S. Department of Labor, 323, 343
U.S. Immigration Offices, 5
U.S. Office of Education What Works Clearing House, 486
U.S. Paralympic Quad Rugby, 290
U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA), 106
U.S. Supreme Court, involuntary sterilization cases, 5
Uswatte, G., 447
UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist, 84
Uzgiris, I. C., 457
V
values, 204, 368;
after acquiring a disability, 433;
value-laden beliefs and principles, 431
Values in Action (VIA) Youth Inventory, 400
Van Acker, R., 483
Van den Abbeele, A., 328
Vandevelde, S., 332
Van Gogh, Vincent, 293
Van Hove, G., 332
Vanier, Jean, 233
Van Lange, P. A. M., 521
van Loon, J., 332
Van Nieuwenhuijzen, M., 199, 200
variable risk factors, 184
Vaughn, B., 311
Vella-Brodrick, D. A., 510
vengefulness, 517, 519–520
Venters-Horton, T., 159
verbalization, 267–68, 271–72, 273
Verdugo, M. A., 42, 44, 328, 383
Vermeer, A., 199
Veterans Administration, 19
“victims” (term), 433
Vietze, P. M., 330, 331
“village idiots,” 4
Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale-2nd Edition (Vineland-II), 112
Vineland Social Maturity Scale, 109, 112
Vineland Training School, 5
violence, 188–89
visual arts, 291
Vital Signs: Crip Culture Talks Back (1995), 289, 292
Vlaskamp, C., 467
vocational guidance, 251–260;
features of interventions, 252–57;
parent/teacher involvement, 257–260;
Vocational Rehabilitation (VR), 323, 339
Vogel, L. C., 253
voice output (C-VOCA) devices, 461
Voices from the Edge: Narratives about the Americans with Disabilities Act (O�Brien), 289, 290
volition, 118
Voltaire, 48
Vos, P., 456
Vostanis, P., 381, 382
vouchers, 322
VSA (Very Special Arts), 286
Vulnerable but Invincible (Werner and Smith), 183
W
Wade, Cheryl Marie, 280, 281, 289
Wade, N. G., 520
Wagner, M., 142, 152
Waist High in the World: A Life among the Nondisabled (Mairs), 292
Walker, A. R., 132
Walker, H. M., 192
Wallander, J. L., 159
Walsh, P. N., 42, 45
Walter, A., 496
Walton-Moss, B., 377, 378
Wang, M., 370, 373, 374, 375, 383
Ward, M. J., 394
warfare, and resilience, 188–89
waypower, 156
wealth, and subjective well-being homeostasis, 512
Wearing, A., 511
Wegner, J. R., 375, 376
Wehmeyer, M. L., 200, 328, 353, 404, 405, 443, 445;
and history of positive psychology, 26, 28;
and self-determination research, 117, 119, 122, 123, 125–132, 150, 501
Weider, S., 499
Weis, R., 28
Weiss, J. A., 328
well-being: and autism, 501–2;
as component of quality of life, 39;
and forgiveness, 517;
and hope, 154;
and socio-ecological model, 24. See also social well-being; subjective well-being (SWB)
Wells, A. M., 482
Wells, H. G., 292
Wells, J. C., 330
Werner, E. E., 185, 187
Werner, S., 375, 376, 378, 380
West, M., 354
Westling, D. L., 330
When Billy Broke His Head.And Other Tales of Wonder (Golfus), 281
Whipple, S. S., 183
White, P., 241
White, S. E., 199, 220
Whitman, T. L., 140, 169
Whose Future Is It Anyway? (student involvement program), 130–31, 402
Whose Reality Counts? Putting the First Last (Chambers), 238
Why I Burned My Book and Other Essays on Disability (Longmore), 285
Widaman, K. F., 112, 199
Wijnroks, L., 199
Wikler, L. M., 17
Wilder, J., 456
Wilhite, B., 86–87
Williams-Diehm, K., 128, 130, 131
Williams syndrome, 199, 220–21
Willis, H., 206
willpower, 156
Wills, T. A., 100
Wilson, L. M., 427
Wilson, P., 201
Wilson, R., 122
Wilson, T. D., 516
Witkofski, Hannelore, 281
Wolchik, S. A., 189
Wolf, F. M., 249
Wolf, M., 403
Wolf-Branigin, M., 241
Wolfensberger, W., 123, 339
Wolman, J. M., 141
Wolmer, L., 188, 189
women’s rights, 444
Wonder, Stevie, 292
Wonderstruck (Selznick), 293
Wood, A. M., 510
Wood, W. M., 128
Woods, G. W., 199
Wordgathering (journal), 282
Workforce Investment Act (WIA), 348
Work-Interest Profile for Rehabilitation Counseling (WIPRC), (p. 544) 254
Work Locus of Control Scale (WLCS), 253–54
World Bank, 297
World Health Organization (WHO), 260, 297, 317, 326, 434, 443;
and definitions of disability, 51;
and ecological model of disability, 40;
and history of positive psychology, 23;
and quality of life, 11, 12;
Quality of Life Scale, 88;
Quality of Life Scale-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF), 88;
and strengths-based approach to disability, 9–10
The World I Live In (Keller), 292
worldviews, restructuring, 287–89
World War II, 5, 19
Worthington, E. L., 520
The Wounded Storyteller (Frank), 293
wraparound care, 15
Wright, B. A., 427, 430–31
Wu, C.-L., 87
Y
Yanchak, K. V., 248, 255
“The Yellow Wallpaper” (Gilman), 293
Yirmiya, N., 200
Yorkston, K. M., 415
Young, L., 324
Your Defiant Child: Eight Steps to Better Behavior, 485
Youssef, A. -J., 26
youths with disabilities: and career development, 240–41;
and friendship, 62–63, 65, 66, 68, 68–69, 69, 70, 70–71, 71–73, 73, 76, 77;
parents of, 257–58;
problem solving and decision making in, 207–11, 214, 215, 218–19;
and vocational guidance, 254. See career development and career thoughts
Ysseldyke, J. E., 403
Yu, D., 467
Z
Zarb, G., 415
zero-tolerance policies, 314
Ziman, T., 160
Zimmerman, B. J., 268, 270, 272, 274
Zimmerman, M. A., 119, 125, 140
Ziv, O., 160
Zola, Irving Kenneth, 290
Zupan, Mark, 290