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date: 12 December 2017

Abstract and Keywords

Optimal human functioning is always relative to the characteristics of a person and the context in which that person lives. Thus, what constitutes optimal human functioning varies depending on subject characteristics and contexts. The optimal functioning of people with severe multiple disabilities (SMD) is challenged both by impairments in body functions and contextual barriers leading to participation restrictions. This chapter first situates people with SMD within a positive psychology framework. It then delimits the optimal human functioning outcome in this population and follows with a discussion of body function factors and contextual factors that may facilitate or hinder optimal functioning. Finally, assessment and interventions aimed at facilitating optimal functioning for people with SMD are discussed.

Keywords: severe disability, multiple disability, assessment, contextual factors

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