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date: 18 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Historically, disability has not been conceptualized within the context of strengths and positive attributes. This chapter briefly recalls the history of how disability has been understood and the consequences of such understandings in the lives of people with disabilities. The chapter discusses the complexity inherent in the notion of disability and the seeming lack of homogeneity among and between people with disabilities, noting that the universal experiences of people with disabilities have been discrimination and marginalization. The potential for positive psychology to contribute to paradigmatic changes in the field with regard to how disability is understood is discussed.

Keywords: disability, people with disabilities, disability history, understanding disability

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