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date: 19 April 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the political participation of Islamic movements in Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco. The Islamic movements in all three countries posed significant threats to the existing and longstanding political establishments. As such these were effectively countered by combinations of co-option, exclusion, and repression. The main Islamic movements in the three countries also exhibited their own characteristics shaped by the national contexts in which they arose. Tunisia had the earliest and strongest emergence of a substantial Islamist movement due to the more secular direction taken by the Tunisian state under the presidency of Habib Bourguiba after independence.

Keywords: Islamic movements, political participation, al-Nahdah Party, Islamic Salvation Front, al-`Ad wa al-Ihsan

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