Abstract and Keywords
This article begins with an overview of the jail inmate population. Data reveal the current makeup and important shifts in inmate characteristics. Section II discusses the historical development of jails and pretrial release. Section III reviews the empirical evidence on contemporary pretrial release issues, including trends in pretrial release and detention, correlates of release decisions, and dimensions of supervision and misconduct among released defendants. Section IV turns to contemporary jail issues of direct supervision in new generation facilities, mental health, and adjustment to jail confinement. Section V concludes with a discussion of policy implications and fruitful directions for future research.
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