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date: 13 December 2018

(p. 614) (p. 615) Chronology of Medieval Authors

(p. 614) (p. 615) Chronology of Medieval Authors

Note: The following is a chronological listing of all the medieval authors contributors mention in the form they have most commonly chosen. As editors we have not imposed an artificial consistency of nomenclature such as might be expected and would be easily achievable in an account of ancient Greek or Roman authors: we are content to have Jerome be known simply as “Jerome” rather than “Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus,” correct but unrecognizable to all but a few. We err on the side of expansiveness in permitting, for the purpose of this list, “medieval” to stretch from the early fourth-century Biblical epic poet Juvencus to the sixteenth-century French humanist Michel de Montaigne. In many cases exact birth and death dates are unknown; when there is no scholarly consensus on an even approximate lifespan we have recourse to the traditional floruit (abbreviated “fl.”) to give the best estimate of the central period of the author's activity. Names in quotation marks indicate an authorial attribution that scholars regard as fictitious or at the least with great skepticism.

  • Juvencus (fl. early 4th c.)

  • Gaius Marius Victorinus (fl. 4th c.)

  • Julius Obsequens (fl. ca. 4th c.)

  • Hilary of Poitiers (ca. 300 – ca. 368)

  • Zeno of Verona (ca. 300 – 371/ 380)

  • Ausonius (ca. 310 – 395)

  • Eutropius (ca. 320 – ca. 387)

  • Ammianus Marcellinus (325/30 – ca. 390)

  • Solinus (fl. mid 4th c.)

  • Ambrose (ca. 338 – 397)

  • Quintus Aurelius Symmachus (ca. 345 – 402)

  • Jerome (ca. 347 – 420)

  • Aurelius Prudentius (348 – ca. 405)

  • Aelius Donatus (fl. 350)

  • “Lactantius Placidus” (fl. 4th century or late 5th/6th century)

  • Augustine of Hippo (354 – 430)

  • Sulpicius Severus (ca. 360 – 420/25)

  • John Cassian (ca. 360 – 435)

  • Vegetius (fl. 385 – 400)

  • Julius Paris (fl. late 4th c.)

  • (p. 616) Servius Honoratus (fl. 390)

  • Macrobius (395 – 423)

  • Cyprianus Gallus (fl. 397 – 430)

  • Tiberius Claudius Donatus (fl. ca. 400)

  • Rutilius Claudius Namatianus (fl. 5th c.)

  • Palladius (fl. 408 – 431)

  • Marcellus Empiricus (fl. 410)

  • Martianus Capella (fl. 410 – 439)

  • Claudius Victor (fl. 425 – 450)

  • Coelius Sedulius (fl. 430 – 450)

  • Quodvultdeus (d. ca. 450)

  • Sidonius Apollinaris (ca. 430 – 489)

  • Ammonius (of Hermias) (fl. ca. 485)

  • Dracontius (ca. 455 – ca. 505)

  • Avitus of Vienne (ca. 470 – 523)

  • Caesarius of Arles (ca. 470 – 542)

  • Ennodius (474 – 521)

  • Luxurius (ca. late 5th or early 6th c.)

  • Priscian (5th – 6th c.)

  • Boethius (ca. 480 – 524/5)

  • Benedict of Nursia (480 – 547)

  • Cassiodorus (ca. 485 – ca. 585)

  • Arator Subdiaconus (fl. 513 – 544)

  • Venantius Fortunatus (ca. 530 – ca.600/09)

  • Fulgentius (d. 532/3)

  • Gregory of Tours (ca. 538 – 594)

  • Gregory the Great (540 – 604)

  • Isidore of Seville (ca. 560 – 636)

  • Corippus (fl. 565)

  • Maximus the Confessor (ca. 580 – 662)

  • Columcille (d. 597)

  • Baudonivia (fl. 600 – 602)

  • Virgilius Maro Grammaticus (fl. 7th c.)

  • Aldhelm of Malmesbury (ca. 639 – 709)

  • Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite (fl. ca. 650 – ca. 725)

  • Augustine Eriugena (fl. 655)

  • Martin of Laon (ca. 660 – 680)

  • Bede (672/3 – 735)

  • John of Damascus (ca. 676 – 749)

  • Paul the Deacon (720 – 799)

  • Alcuin (730/40 – 804)

  • Tatwine (d. 734)

  • Ecgbert (d. 766)

  • Theodulf of Orléans (ca. 750/60 – 821)

  • (p. 617) Einhard (ca. 775 – 840)

  • Rabanus Maurus (ca. 780 – 856)

  • Gæraldus (fl. 9th c. ?)

  • Dunchad of Laon (fl. 9th c.)

  • Nithard (ca. 800 – 844)

  • Walahfrid Strabo (ca. 808 – 849)

  • Claudius of Turin (fl. 810 – 827)

  • Anastasius Bibliothecarius (ca. 810 – ca. 878)

  • Photios (ca. 810 – ca. 893)

  • Angilbert (d. 814)

  • Dhuoda of Septimania (fl. ca. 820 – 843)

  • Notker Balbulus, or Notker the Stammerer (ca. 840 – 912)

  • Abbo of St-Germain (ca. 840 – 923)

  • Hucbald of St-Amand (840 – 930/2)

  • Remigius of Auxerre (ca. 841 – 908)

  • Eriugena, John Scotus (fl. 847 – 877)

  • Alvarus, Paul (fl. ca. 850)

  • Sedulius Scottus (fl. ca. 850)

  • Haimo of Halberstadt (d. ca. 853)

  • Haimo of Auxerre (d. ca. 855)

  • Hrabanus Maurus (d. 856)

  • Eulogius of Córdoba (d. 859)

  • Otfrid of Weissenburg (d. after 870)

  • Eugenius Vulgarius (fl. ca. 887 – 928)

  • Rather of Verona (890 – 974)

  • “Theodolus” (fl. ca. 10th c.)

  • Ratpert (d. ca. 900)

  • Æethelwold (904/9 – 984)

  • Asser (d. 908/9)

  • Dunstan (909 – 988)

  • John the Deacon (d. after 910)

  • Liutprand of Cremona (ca. 922 – 972)

  • Atto of Vercelli (924/5 – 960 /61)

  • Widukind of Corvey (925 – 973)

  • Hrotsvit of Gandersheim (ca. 935 – ca. 1002)

  • Frithegod (fl. ca. 950 – ca. 958)

  • Notker III of St. Gall, or Notker Labeo (ca. 950 – 1022)

  • Buchard of Worms (ca. 950 – 1025)

  • Ælfric of Eynsham (ca. 955 – ca. 1010)

  • Wulfstan the Cantor (ca. 960 – early 11th century)

  • Walter of Speyer (967 – 1027)

  • Byrhtferth of Ramsey (ca. 970 – ca. 1020)

  • Lantfred of Fleury/Winchester (fl. 970s)

  • Ebracher of Liège (d. 971)

  • (p. 618) Ekkehard I (d. 973)

  • Avicenna, or Ibn Sīnā (ca. 980 – 1037)

  • Ekkehard IV, Ekkehard IV of St. Gall (ca. 980 – ca. 1056)

  • Oswald of Worcester (d. 992)

  • Ibn al-Nadīm (d. 995/8)

  • Æthelweard (d. ca. 998)

  • Berengar of Tours (ca. 999 – 1088)

  • Foulcoie of Beauvais (fl. 11th c.)

  • Ælfric Bata (fl. 1005)

  • Anselm of Liège (1008 – ca. 1056)

  • Williram of Ebersberg (ca. 1020 – 1085)

  • Constantine the African (ca. 1020 – 1087)

  • Goscelin of Canterbury (1023/35 – ca. 1107)

  • Fulbert of Chartres (d. 1028)

  • Marbod of Rennes (ca. 1035 – 1123)

  • Bruno of Asti (ca. 1049 – 1123)

  • Adam of Bremen (1050 – 1081/85)

  • Osbern of Canterbury (ca.1050 – ca. 1090)

  • Guibert of Nogent (ca. 1055/60 – 1124/5)

  • Hildebert of Lavardin (1056 – 1133)

  • Metellus of Tegernsee (fl. ca. 1060)

  • Eadmer (ca. 1060 – ca. 1126)

  • Baudri of Bourgeuil (1060 – 1130)

  • Tortarius, Rudolfus (b. 1063)

  • William of Champeaux (ca. 1070 – 1121)

  • Moses Ibn ‘Ezra’ (ca. 1070 – ca. 1138)

  • William of St. Thierry (1070 – 1148)

  • Conrad of Hirsau (ca. 1070 – ca. 1150)

  • Gilbert of Poitiers (1070 – 1154)

  • Peter Damian (d. 1073)

  • Godfrey of Rheims (d. 1095)

  • Rupert of Deutz (ca. 1075 – 1129)

  • Peter Abelard (1079 – 1142)

  • Adelard of Bath (ca. 1080 – ca. 1152)

  • Ælnoth of Canterbury (d. 1086)

  • Abraham Ibn Ezra (1089 – 1164)

  • Bernard of Clairvaux (1090 – 1153)

  • William of Conches (ca. 1090 – ca. 1154)

  • Peter the Venerable (ca. 1092 – 1156)

  • Hugh of Orléans (1094 – 1160)

  • William of Malmesbury (ca. 1095/96 – ca. 1143)

  • Christina of Markyate (ca. 1095/1100 – 1155)

  • Hugh of Saint Victor (ca. 1096 – 1141)

  • Hildegard of Bingen (1098 – 1179)

  • (p. 619) Lambert of St. Omer (fl. 1100)

  • Burleo, Gualtiero (fl. 12th c.)

  • Geoffrey of Vitry (fl. 12th c.)

  • Stephen of Antioch (fl. 12th c.)

  • Geoffrey of Monmouth (ca. 1100 – ca. 1155)

  • Peter Lombard (ca. 1100 – 1160)

  • Peter Helias (ca. 1100 – 1166)

  • Héloϯse (ca. 1101 – 1164)

  • Serlo of Wilton (ca. 1105 – 1181)

  • Robert of Ketton (ca. 1110 – ca. 1160)

  • Ælred of Rievaulx (1110 – 1167)

  • Andrew of Saint Victor (ca.1110 – 1175)

  • Reginald of Canterbury (fl. 1112)

  • Otto von Freising (ca. 1114 – 1158)

  • Gerard of Cremona (1114 – 1187)

  • John of Salisbury (ca. 1115 – 76/80)

  • Hilary of Orléans (fl. 1125)

  • Elisabeth of Schönau (1125 – 1165)

  • Ibn Rushd (1126 – 1198)

  • Gilbert the Universal (fl. 1128 – 34)

  • Alan of Lille (ca. 1128–1202)

  • Bernard of Chartres (d. 1130)

  • Hildebert of Le Mans (d. 1133)

  • Peter of Blois (ca. 1135 – ca. 1203)

  • Guigo I (d. 1136)

  • Bernardus Silvestris (fl. 1136)

  • Hugh Primas (fl. 1130)

  • The Archpoet (ca. 1130 – ca. 1165)

  • Plato of Tivoli (fl. 1132 – 46)

  • Ralph of Laon (d. 1133)

  • Ogier of Locedio (1136 – 1214)

  • Robert of Chester (fl. 1140 – 50)

  • Herman of Carinthia (fl. ca. 1140 – 1150)

  • Walter Map (1140 – ca. 1208/10)

  • Daniel of Morley (ca. 1140 – ca. 1210)

  • Adam of Saint Victor (d. 1146)

  • Gerald of Wales (ca. 1146 – ca. 1223)

  • Thierry of Chartres (d. 1150/55)

  • Bernard of Cluny (fl. 1150)

  • Nivard of Ghent (fl. ca. 1150)

  • Saxo Grammaticus (ca. 1150 – 1220)

  • Samuel Ibn Tibbon (ca. 1150 – ca. 1230)

  • Leonius of Paris (fl. 1150s)

  • Stephen Langton (ca. 1150/9 – 1228)

  • (p. 620) Honorius of Autun, or Honorius Augustodunensis (d. ca. 1151)

  • Lawrence of Durham (d. 1154)

  • Marie de France (fl. 1155 – 1190)

  • Henry of Huntingdon (d. 1156/64)

  • Arnulf of Orléans (fl. 1156)

  • Neckam, Alexander (of) (1157 – 1217)

  • Burchard of Bellevaux (d. 1164)

  • Gottfried of Admont (d. 1165)

  • Peter Riga (fl. ca. 1165 – 1209)

  • John Sarracenus (fl. ca. 1167)

  • Archbishop Andrew Suneson, or Andreas Sunonis (ca. 1167 – 1228)

  • Hugh of Pisa (fl. ca. 1170 – ca. 1190)

  • Hartmann von Aue (ca. 1170 – 1210)

  • Rodrigo Jiménez (or Ximénez) de Rada (ca. 1170 – 1247)

  • Guigo II the Carthusian (d. ca. 1173)

  • Richard of Saint Victor (d. 1173)

  • Alexander of Villedieu (ca. 1175 – 1240/50)

  • Chrétien de Troyes (fl. 1170)

  • Walter of Châtillon (fl. 1170 – 1180)

  • Matthew of Vendôme (fl. ca. 1175)

  • Robert Grosseteste (ca. 1175 – 1253)

  • Peter Comestor (d. ca. 1178)

  • Snorri Sturluson (1179 – 1241)

  • Walter of St. Victor (d. ca. 1180)

  • Andreas Cappellanus (fl. 1180s)

  • Caesarius of Heisterbach (ca. 1180 – ca. 1240)

  • Sven Aggeson (fl. 1181/82)

  • John of Hauville (fl. ca. 1184)

  • Odo of Cheriton (ca. 1185 – 1246/7)

  • Joseph of Exeter (fl. ca. 1190)

  • Azzo (fl. 1190 – 1220)

  • Vincent of Beauvais (ca. 1190 – ca. 1264)

  • William Peraldus (ca. 1190 – 1271)

  • Mark of Toledo (fl. 1193 – 1216)

  • Enrico of Settimello (fl. ca. 1194)

  • Peter the Chanter (d. 1197)

  • Alfred of Shareshill (fl. ca. 1197 – ca. 1222)

  • Bovetino Bovetini (fl. 13th c.)

  • Eberhard the German (fl. 13th c.)

  • Geoffrey of Vinsauf (fl. 1200)

  • Alberic of London (fl. ca. 1200)

  • Thomas Gallus of Vercelli (ca. 1200 – 1246)

  • Rudolf von Ems (ca. 1200 – 1254)

  • Matthew Paris (ca. 1200 – 1259)

  • (p. 621) Bartholomeus Anglicus (1203 – 1272)

  • John of Garland (fl. ca. 1205)

  • Alexander of Ashby (d. 1208/14)

  • Guillaume de Lorris (ca. 1210 – ca. 1237)

  • Berthold of Regensburg (ca. 1210 – 72)

  • Arnold of Lübeck (d. 1211 – 1214)

  • Eberhard of Béthune (d. ca. 1212)

  • Gervase of Melkey (fl. 1212)

  • Roger Bacon (ca. 1214 – 1294)

  • Adam of Barking (fl. ca. 1217)

  • Henri D’Andeli (fl. first half of 13th c.)

  • Petrus Episcopus (d. 1219)

  • James of Vitry (fl. ca. 1220)

  • Bonaventure (1221 – 1274)

  • Salimbene de Adam (1221 – ca. 1288)

  • Urso of Genoa (fl. 1225 – 1245)

  • Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274)

  • Albertano of Brescia (fl. 1226 – 53)

  • Jacobus de Voragine (ca. 1230 – 1290)

  • Jacob van Maerlant (1230/1240 – 1288/1300)

  • William Durandus (ca. 1230 – 1296)

  • Ramon Llull (1232 – 1315)

  • Boethius of Dacia (ca. 1240 – ca. 1280)

  • Lovato Lovati (ca. 1240 – 1309)

  • Bene of Florence (d. ca. 1242)

  • Michael of Cornwall (fl. 1243 – 1255)

  • Giles of Rome (ca. 1243/7 – 1316)

  • Lucas de Tuy (d. 1249)

  • Julian of Speyer (d. 1250)

  • Jean de Meun (ca. 1250 – ca. 1305)

  • Jacopo da Cessole (1250 – 1322)

  • Geremia da Montagnone (1250/60 – 1320/22)

  • Riccobaldo of Ferrara (1251 – 1318)

  • Giordano da Pisa (ca. 1255 – 1311)

  • Gertrude of Helfta (1256 – ca. 1302)

  • Henry of Avranches (d. ca. 1261)

  • Walter of Wimborne (fl. 1261 – 1266)

  • Albertino Mussato (1261 – 1329)

  • Albert of Stade (d. ca. 1264)

  • Dante Alighieri (1265 – 1321)

  • Geri d’Arezzo (ca. 1270 – ca. 1337)

  • Nicholas of Lyra (ca. 1270 – 1349)

  • Richard Ledrede (ca. 1275 – 1360)

  • Joseph Ibn Caspi (1279 – 1340)

  • (p. 622) Ranulf Higdon (ca. 1280 – 1364)

  • Raymond Martini (d. after 1284)

  • Richard de Bury (1287 – 1345)

  • William of Ockham (ca. 1288 – ca. 1348)

  • Richard Rolle (1290 – 1349)

  • Pierre Bersuire (ca. 1290 – 1362)

  • Ferreto Ferreti (1294 – 1337)

  • Johannes Balbus (d. 1298)

  • Thomas of Erfurt (fl. ca. 1300)

  • Giambono di Andreae (fl. 13th/14th c.)

  • Ugo Mezzabati (fl. 13th/14th c.)

  • Pace da Ferrara (fl. early 14th c.)

  • Anonymous of Calais (fl. 14th c.)

  • Matthias of Linköping (ca. 1300 – 1350)

  • Richard FitzRalph (ca. 1300 – 1360)

  • Ludolphus of Saxony (ca. 1300 – 1378)

  • Birgitta of Sweden (ca. 1303 – 73)

  • Francesco Petrarch (1304 – 1374)

  • Benzo da Alessandria (fl. 1311 – 1329)

  • Bartolus de Saxoferrato (1313 – 1357)

  • Giovanni Boccaccio (1313 – 1375)

  • Giovanni del Virgilio (fl. 1319)

  • Anna von Munzingen (fl. 1327)

  • Alphonsus Bonihominis (d. 1353)

  • John Wycliffe (ca. 1328 – 1384)

  • Baldus de Ubaldis (1327 – 1400)

  • Katherina von Gebersweiler (d. ca. 1330)

  • John Ridevall (fl. 1330)

  • John Gower (ca. 1330 – 1408)

  • Guido Vicentinus (d. 1332)

  • William Langland (ca. 1332 – ca. 1386)

  • Ibn Khaldūn (1332 – 1406)

  • Giovanni de Matociis (d. 1337)

  • Giovanni da Cremenate (d. ca. 1344)

  • Johannes de Caulibus (fl. ca. 1340 – 60)

  • John of Trevisa (ca. 1342 – 1402)

  • Geoffrey Chaucer (1343 – 1400)

  • Florentius Radewijns (1350 – 1400)

  • Pierre d’Ailly (1351 – 1420)

  • Henry of Kirkestede (fl. 1360 – 1380)

  • Christine de Pizan (1363 – ca. 1430)

  • Thomas Elmham (1364 – ca. 1427)

  • Paolo Veneto (1369 – 1429)

  • John Lydgate of Bury (ca. 1370 – ca. 1451)

  • (p. 623) Theodoricus Monachus (fl. 1371)

  • Margery Kempe (ca. 1373 – 1438)

  • Bernardino of Siena (1380 – 1444)

  • Thomas à Kempis (ca. 1380 – 1471)

  • Juan de Torquemada (1388 – 1468)

  • Enea Silvio Piccolomini (1405 – 1464)

  • Hans Folz (ca. 1435 – 1513)

  • Antonio de Nebrija (1441 – 1522)

  • Angelo Poliziano (1454 – 1494)

  • Solomon ben Reuben Bonafed (d. after 1445)

  • Juan of Segovia (d. ca. 1458)

  • William Dunbar (ca. 1460 – ca. 1520)

  • Desiderius Erasmus (1466 – 1536)

  • Herolt, Johannes (fl. 1468)

  • Theodore Bibliander (1506 – 1564)

  • Guillaume Postel (1510 – 1581)

  • Michel de Montaigne (1533 – 1592)