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date: 24 September 2018

Abstract and Keywords

This article notes that many of the wars which have ever taken place have done so across religious divides. Whether religion can be considered an ultimate cause or an epiphenomenon of more fundamental differences, religion and conflict appear to be correlated. On the other hand, religion also serves as a source of cooperation and peace within religious communities. The article examines this dual nature of religion—as a possible source of both conflict and cooperation. It explores not only the relation between religion and violent conflict, but also that between religion and nonviolent conflict within individual countries between different religious groups for a variety of privileges and rights.

Keywords: religious divide, religious communities, nonviolent conflict, religious conflict, religious cooperation

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