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date: 20 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the possibility that one of the important ways in which humans differ from other species is that our minds form and reason about concepts that refer to unobservable entities or processes. In short, it explores the possibility that whereas many species form concepts about observable things and use those concepts in flexible and productive ways, humans alone think about such things as God, ghosts, gravity, and other minds. Further, it speculates that although thinking about unobservables is by no means the only way in which the human mind differs from other species, it may serve as the foundation for many of the fundamental differences between our behavior and that of our closest living relatives.

Keywords: primates, unobservability hypothesis, unobservable entities

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