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date: 21 February 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The human brain can symbolically represent its own existence both within a linear temporal dimension that extends into a past and into a future from the present moment, and within a three-dimensional spatial framework that may extend into outer space. This chapter addresses the question of whether these displacement abilities of humans can be found in animals. It reviews some of the evidence on the stuck-in-time hypothesis, concerning both the possibility of episodic memory in animals and the anticipation of future events. It discusses some recent research bearing on this hypothesis and evidence bearing on the issue of spatial displacement in animals.

Keywords: spatial displacement, temporal displacement, stuck-in-time hypothesis, episodic memory, animal memory

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