- OXFORD LIBRARY OF PSYCHOLOGY
- Short Contents
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Grouping and Segmentation in Human and Nonhuman Primates
- Seeing What Is Not ThereIllusion, Completion, and Spatiotemporal Boundary Formation in Comparative Perspective
- The Cognitive Chicken: Visual and Spatial Cognition in a Non-mammalian Brain
- New Perspectives on Absolute Pitch in Birds and Mammals
- Reaction-time Explorations of Visual Perception, Attention, and Decision in Pigeons
- The Competition for Attention in Humans and Other Animals
- Establishing Frames of Reference for Finding Hidden GoalsThe Use of Multiple Spatial Cues by Nonhuman Animals and People
- Contemporary Thought on the Environmental Cues that Affect Causal Attribution
- Associative Accounts of Causality Judgments
- Rational RatsCausal Inference and Representation
- ContrastA More Parsimonious Account of Cognitive Dissonance Effects
- Methodological Issues in Comparative Memory Research
- Memory Processing
- The Questions of Temporal and Spatial Displacement in Animal Cognition
- Animal Metacognition
- A Comparative Analysis of Episodic Memory: Cognitive Mechanisms and Neural Substrates
- Spatial, Temporal, and Associative Behavioral Functions Associated with Different Subregions of the Hippocampus
- Arthropod NavigationAnts, Bees, Crabs, Spiders Finding Their Way
- Comparative Spatial CognitionEncoding of Geometric Information from Surfaces and Landmark Arrays
- Corvid CachingThe Role of Cognition
- Behavioristic, Cognitive, Biological, and Quantitative Explanations of Timing
- Sensitivity to TimeImplications for the Representation of Time
- Comparative Cognition of Number Representation
- Similarities Between Temporal and Numerosity Discriminations
- A Modified Feature Theory as an Account of Pigeon Visual Categorization
- Artificial Categories and Prototype Effects in Animals
- Relational Discrimination Learning in Pigeons
- Similarity and Difference in the Conceptual Systems of PrimatesThe Unobservability Hypothesis
- Spatial PatternsBehavioral Control and Cognitive Representation
- The Organization of Sequential BehaviorConditioning, Memory, and Abstraction
- The Comparative Psychology of Ordinal Knowledge
- Truly Random Operant RespondingResults and Reasons
- From Momentary Maximizing to Serial Response Times and Artificial Grammar Learning
- Intelligences and BrainsAn Evolutionary Bird’s-Eye View
- Transitive Inference in Nonhuman Animals
- Dolphin Problem Solving
- “What” and “Where” Analysis and Flexibility in Avian Visual Cognition
- What Is Challenging About Tool Use? The Capuchin’s Perspective
- Social Learning in RatsHistorical Context and Experimental Findings
- Inter-species Social Learning in DogsThe Inextricable Roles of Phylogeny and Ontogeny
- Social LearningStrategies, Mechanisms, and Models
- Chimpanzee Social Cognition in Early LifeComparative–Developmental Perspective
- Social Learning and Culture in Primates: Evidence from Free-Ranging and Captive Populations
- Postscript: An Essay on the Study of Cognition in Animals
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter discusses the perceptual determinants of birds and mammals’ use of pitch information in communication. The authors report on a suite of operant tasks that provide comparable quantitative measures of pitch-range discriminations across several species of birds and mammals. Here the authors used a quantitative sensory array model to describe differences among avian species in eight-range discriminations. The results indicate that in birds these discriminations are based on absolute pitch height perception. When mammals (rats and humans) were tested in pitch-range discriminations, both species mastered simple three-range discriminations but could master only one transition in the eight-range discrimination, with the exception of human absolute pitch possessors who used chroma to solve the discrimination. It now appears unlikely that the auditory systems of birds and mammals, particularly birds and humans, yield homologous perceptions.
Ronald G. Weisman, Department of Psychology, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Douglas J. K. Mewhort, Department of Psychology, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Marisa Hoeschele, Songbird Neuroethology Lab, University of Alberta, Edmonton.
Christopher B. Sturdy, Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
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