- Introduction: Philosophy of Death
- When Do Things Die?
- Death and the Disintegration of Personality
- The Person and the Corpse
- Personal Identity and the Survival of Death
- The Evil of Death: What Can Metaphysics Contribute?
- Death and Eternal Recurrence
- Death in Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle
- When Death Is There, We Are Not: Epicurus on Pleasure and Death
- The Badness of Death and the Goodness of Life
- The Symmetry Problem
- The Timing Problem
- Death, Value, and Desire
- Death and Rational Emotion
- Retroactive Harms and Wrongs
- The Makropulos Case RevisitedReflections on Immortality and Agency
- The Wrongness of Killing and the Badness of Death
- Abortion and Death
- The Morality of Killing in War: Some Traditional and Nontraditional Views
- The Significance of Death for Animals
- Capital Punishment
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the disintegration of personality associated with death. It analyzes the Personality Argument for the Termination Thesis, which is based on the notion that death deprives us of our personalities and that no one can survive the loss of personality. The chapter discusses the biological, psychological, and moral conceptions of personality and argues that the Personality Argument is not sound, concluding that if personality is a matter of species membership, then people can continue to exist even after death.
Fred Feldman is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, where he has been teaching since 1969. He has long been fascinated by philosophical problems about the nature and value of death. He is author of Confrontations with the Reaper: A Philosophical Study of the Nature and Value of Death (Oxford University Press, 1992), Pleasure and the Good Life: On the Nature, Varieties, and Plausibility of Hedonism (Oxford University Press, 2004), What Is This Thing Called Happiness? (Oxford University Press, 2010) and several other books and more than seventy-five papers in professional journals.
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