- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice
- List of Contributors
- Juvenile Delinquents and Juvenile Justice Clientele: Trends and Patterns in Crime and Justice System Response
- Heterogeneity in Delinquency
- The Victim-Offender Overlap and Its Implications for Juvenile Justice
- Personal Characteristics of Delinquents: Neurobiology, Genetic Predispositions, Individual Psychosocial Attributes
- Adolescent Development, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice
- Delinquency and Comorbid Conditions
- Predictors of Violent Young Offenders
- Linking Family Processes and Adolescent Delinquency: Issues, Theories, and Research Findings
- Schools and Delinquency
- The Social Side of Delinquent Behavior
- Gang Delinquency
- Communities and Delinquency
- Strain and Delinquency
- Social Learning Theory
- An Emergent Situational and Transactional Theory of Urban Youth Violence
- Legal Socialization and Delinquency
- Understanding Desistance from Juvenile Offending: Challenges and Opportunities
- Delinquency Prevention
- The Elusive Juvenile Court: Its Origins, Practices, and Re-Inventions
- Racial and Ethnic Differences in Delinquency and Justice System Responses
- The Conundrum of Girls and Juvenile Justice Processing
- Competence and Criminal Responsibility in Adolescent Defendants: The Roles of Mental Illness and Adolescent Development
- Policing Juveniles
- The Front End of the Juvenile Court: Intake and Informal versus Formal Processing
- Varieties of Juvenile Court: Nonspecialized Courts, Teen Courts, Drug Courts, and Mental Health Courts
- Procedural Rights in Juvenile Courts: Competence and Consequences
- Restoration, Shame, and the Future of Restorative Practice in U.S. Juvenile Justice
- Probation and Other Noninstitutional Treatment: The Evidence Is In
- Juvenile Corrections: An Overview
- Examining the Effectiveness of Juvenile Residential Programs
- Transfer of Juveniles to Criminal Court
- Youth in Prison and Beyond
- Juvenile Justice Cross-Nationally Considered
- Trends in Juvenile Justice Policy and Practice
Abstract and Keywords
A juvenile court is a type of specialized court or a court docket devoted to one or more specific categories of legal matter. Today, there are many specialized courts. This article addresses the growing use of specialized, problem solving courts for delinquent juveniles. It introduces the specialized nature of the juvenile court and describes three of the most popular forms of specialized courts for youths, which are, teen courts, juvenile drug courts, and juvenile or family mental health courts. It examines several key policy and practice issues related to their operation. It also discusses the origin of each type of specialized court, giving data such as their numbers, types of legal matters handled by them, procedures of processing the case, and what is known about their effectiveness.
Jeffrey A. Butts is Executive Director of the Research and Evaluation Center at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York.
John K. Roman is Senior Fellow in the Justice Policy Center at the Urban Institute.
Jennifer Lynn-Whaley is Senior Research Associate at the Berkeley Center for Criminal Justice.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.