(p. xxix) About the Authors
(p. xxix) About the Authors
Edna Andrews is Professor of Linguistics and Cultural Anthropology, Director of the Center for Slavic, Eurasian, and East European Studies, at Duke University. She received her Ph.D. from Indiana University (1984) and holds an honorary Ph.D. from St. Petersburg State University (1991). Among her numerous publications are Markedness theory: The union of asymmetry and semiosis in language (1990), Markedness theory: An explication of its theoretical basis and applicability in semantic analysis (1994), Conversations with Lotman: Cultural semiotics in language, literature and cognition (2003), and Semiospheric transitions: A key to modelling translation (2009).
Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig (Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1983) is Professor in, and Chair of, the Department of Second Language Studies, Indiana University. Among her publications on tense and aspect in second language are (co-author), Acquisition of tense-aspect: Converging evidence from corpora, cognition, and learner constructions (2009), Future of desire: Lexical futures and modality in L2 English future expression (2005), Emergence of grammaticalized future expression in longitudinal production data (2004), Analyzing Aspect (2002), Tense and aspect in second language acquisition: Form, meaning, and use (2000), and Narrative structure and lexical aspect: Conspiring factors in second language acquisition of tense-aspect morphology (1998).
John Beavers received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from Stanford University in 2006. He is currently Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin. His primary research interests are in lexical semantics and syntax. His publications on lexical aspect, change-of-state, and event structure include Scalar complexity and the structure of events (2008), The structure of lexical meaning: Why semantics really matters (2010), On affectedness (2011), and Lexical aspect and multiple incremental themes (in press). He also has interests in argument realization and typology, and has published the article The typology of motion expressions revisited (2010, with Beth Levin and Shiao-Wei Tham), which includes an exploration of correlations between directed motion and resultative constructions.
Pier Marco Bertinetto (born 1947) completed his studies at the University of Torino, where he taught History of the Italian Language (1975–1980). He became Full Professor of Linguistics at the University of Roma III (1980–81) and subsequently at Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (since fall 1981), where he directs the Linguistics Laboratory. He is a member of the Finnish Academy of Sciences and of Academia Europaea. He was President of Societas Linguistica Europaea in 2009. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Italian Journal of Linguistics /Rivista di Linguistica (1989–). (p. xxx) His main interests are experimental phonetics and phonology, tense-aspect semantics, and typological linguistics.
Robert I. Binnick (Ph.D., Chicago, 1969) is Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at the University of Toronto. He is author of Time and the Verb: A Guide to Tense and Aspect (1991), A Bibliography of Tense, Verbal Aspect, Aktionsart, and Related Areas: 6600 Works (www.utsc.utoronto.ca/~binnick/old tense/, 2001), and The Past Tenses of the Mongolian Verb (2012). Among recent publications on tense and aspect are The Markers of Habitual Aspect in English (2005), and Used To and Habitual Aspect in English (2006).
Robert Botne is Professor of Linguistics at Indiana University (Bloomington), where he has taught for the past 26 years. Upon completion of his Ph.D. at Northwestern University in 1981, he spent two years as a Fulbright scholar at the Université Nationale du Rwanda. He later lectured at Northwestern University before joining the faculty at IU. His primary interests are Bantu languages, morphology, and comparative linguistics, with particular focus on tense and aspect systems. A recent publication addressing remoteness issues is Tense and cognitive space: On the organization of tense/aspect systems in Bantu languages (with Tiffany Kershner) (Cognitive Linguistics, 2008).
Greg Carlson (Ph.D., University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1977) is Professor of Linguistics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Philosophy at the University of Rochester. He served as Editor-in-Chief at Linguistics and Philosophy (1992–97). His works include Patterns in the interpretation of generic sentences (2008), Generics, habituals and iteratives (with B. Spejewski, 2005), Generic passages (1997), Truth-conditions of generic sentences (1995), The semantic composition of English generic sentences (1988), Generic terms and generic sentences (1982), and Generics and atemporal when (1979). He co-edited The Generic Book (1995) with F. J. Pelletier.
Janice Carruthers (Ph.D. in French Linguistics, Cambridge University, 1993) is Professor of French Linguistics, Queen’s University, Belfast. She is a former editor of the Journal of French Language Studies and is author of the monograph Oral Narration in Modern French: A Linguistic Analysis of Temporal Patterns (Legenda, 2005). Her articles include Tense, voices and point of view in medieval and modern “oral” narration (with S. Marnette, 2007), Temps et oralité dans le conte oral (2006), Tense, orality and narration: The case of the néo-conte (2003), and several on the French passé surcomposé. She is co-editor, with P. Caudal, of Oral Narration/La Narration Orale (forthcoming from Cahiers Chronos, Rodopi).
Patrick Caudal, a CNRS researcher at the Laboratoire de Linguistique Formelle (Université Paris-Diderot), is a specialist in the semantics and pragmatics of tense, aspect, and modality (TAM), and the discourse semantics and pragmatics of TAM, with a long-standing interest in the semantics/pragmatics interface. He has produced synchronic and diachronic analyses of a variety of TAM markers in Romance, Germanic, and Australian languages, and presently coordinates the (p. xxxi) TAMEAL Marie-Curie project (The Interrelation of Tense, Aspect and Modality with Evidentiality in Australian Aboriginal Languages).
Ashwini Deo is Assistant Professor of Linguistics, Yale University. She received her Ph.D. from Stanford University in 2006. Among her publications related to morphology are Derivational morphology in inheritance-based lexica: Insights from Panini (2005) and Typological variation in the ergative morphology of Indo-Aryan languages (co-author, 2006). She is interested in how cross-linguistic variation in the morphological expression of tense-aspect categories, and the diachronic trajectories that these morphological exponents participate in, can shed light on their semantics.
Ilse Depraetere (Ph.D., Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, HDR, Lille III) is a Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Lille III. She wrote The use of tense in English relative clauses (1996) and co-edited Belgian Journal of Linguistics 12, Tense and aspect: The contextual processing of semantic indeterminacy (1999) and a special issue of English Language and Linguistics on future time reference in English (2010). Her works include Source of modality: A reassessment (2008), (A)telicity and intentionality (2007), Mood and modality in English (with Susan Reed, 2006), On the resultative character of Present Perfect sentences (1998), and On the necessity of distinguishing between (un)boundedness and (a)telicity (1995).
Jean-Pierre Desclés is Professor in Computer Sciences and Humanities at Sorbonne, and the head of LaLIC (Languages, Logics, Informatics, and Cognition). He is a member of the International Academic of Philosophy of Sciences. After earning a Ph.D. (1970) and a Doctorat d’Etat (1980) in mathematics, he collaborated with linguists such as A. Culioli (Paris 7 University) and S. K. Shaumyan (Yale University), using Curry’s Combinatory Logic for analyzing syntactical and grammatical problems. With Z. Guentchéva, he takes into account the topology to formalize basic aspectual concepts (state, event, process, bounds, perfectivity, complete and completed situations, …) in an enuntiative and cognitive framework and to study, by means of formal schemes, the meanings of lexical predicates and adposition operators.
Ferdinand de Haan is Computational Linguist at Oracle, Inc., in Washington, DC. His publications on evidentiality include: Encoding speaker perspective: evidentials (2005), The relation between modality and evidentiality (2001), The place of inference within the evidential system (2001), Evidentiality and epistemic modality: Setting boundaries (1999), and the chapters on Semantic distinctions of evidentiality and Morphological coding of evidentiality for the World Atlas of Language Structures. He is currently working on modality in a number of languages, with an emphasis on corpus linguistic approaches.
Hana Filip is a Professor of Semantics in the Department of Linguistics at Heinrich-Heine-Universität in Düsseldorf. She received her Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of California at Berkeley and held positions at the University of Rochester, Northwestern University, and Stanford University. She is author of Aspect (to (p. xxxii) appear), and Aspect, Eventuality Types and Noun Phrase Semantics (1999). Among her publications related to lexical aspect are: Aspectual class and aktionsart (2011), Telicity as a semantic parameter (co-author, 2006), The telicity parameter revisited (2004), Prefixes and the delimitation of events (2004), and Integrating telicity, aspect and NP semantics: The role of thematic structure (1997).
Monika Fludernik is Professor of English Literature at the University of Freiburg/Germany. She is the author of The fictions of language and the languages of fiction: The linguistic representation of speech and consciousness (1993) and An introduction to narratology (2009). Her Towards a ‘natural’ narratology (1996) was the co-winner of the Barbara and George Perkins Prize of the Society for the Study of Narrative Literature. She has edited and co-edited several volumes of essays on a wide range of subjects, especial postcolonial theory. Her articles have appeared in, among others, Style, Narrative, Poetics Today, Journal of Literary Semantics, Text, Semiotica, Language and Literature, The Journal of Pragmatics, The Journal of Historical Pragmatics, Journal of Narrative Technique, New Literary History, and English Literary History.
Victor A. Friedman is Andrew W. Mellon Professor in the Slavic Department and the Linguistics Department at the University of Chicago. He holds an associate appointment in the Anthropology Department and is Director of Chicago’s Center for East European and Russian/Eurasian Studies. He is a member of the Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Academy of Sciences of Albania, the Academy of Arts and Sciences of Kosova, Matica Srpska, and he holds the “1300 Years of Bulgaria” Medal. His recent books are Macedonian (2002), Turkish in Macedonia and beyond (2003), Studies on Albanian and other Balkan languages (2004), an annotated edition of Aleko Konstantinov’s Bai Ganyo (2010), and Očerki lakskogo jazyka (2011).
Zlatka Guentchéva (Ph.D. 1975; Doctorat d’Etat 1985 from Paris 7 University) is Senior Researcher Emerita at CNRS (the National Centre for Scientific Research) in France, and former director of LACITO (Languages and Civilizations with Oral Traditions). She received a doctorate honoris causa from the University of Sofia (2007). In the early 1980s she was especially interested in Shaumyan’s Applicative Model and has published a book on this model and, jointly with him and J.-P. Desclés, two studies on passive and reflexive constructions from a theoretical point of view. She has also published a number of research papers with a focus on evidentiality, aspect, and tense from a typological perspective, and on the Bulgarian grammatical system.
Jadranka Gvozdanović is Ordinary Professor for Slavic Philology (Linguistics), and Acting Director of the Slavic Institute, in Heidelberg University. For her book Celtic and Slavic and the great migrations she won the AATSEEL Best Book in Slavic Linguistics Award (2010). She edited (with J.-Th. Janssen) The function of tense in text (1991), and wrote The verbal prefixes po- and pro- in Russian: Their meanings and uses (1992), Russian verbal prefixes and mere ‘resultative completion’ of the verbal event (1994), The tense system of Russian (1994), Western South Slavic tenses (p. xxxiii) in a typological perspective (1995), Vid na različnyx urovnjax jazyka (2004), and Quantifizierende Adverbien und Typologie des Aspekts: Zur Mehrdimensionalität temporaler Kategorien (2006).
Galia Hatav is Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics, University of Florida. She received her Ph.D. in 1990 from Tel-Aviv University. She has held visiting positions at Utrecht University, Hebrew University in Jerusalem, and York University (Canada). She is author of The semantics of aspect and modality: Evidence from English and Biblical Hebrew (1997) and editor of Theoretical Hebrew linguistics: An anthology of articles on Hebrew within the framework of Generative Grammar (2008). She has published on tense-aspect in Hebrew, English, and in general, including (Free) direct discourse in Biblical Hebrew (2000), The aspect system in English—An attempt for a unified analysis (1993), and Aspects, Aktionsarten and the time-line (1989).
John Hewson (Ph.D. 1964, Université Laval, Quebec City) is Henrietta Harvey Professor Emeritus in the Department of Linguistics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, which he was instrumental in founding in 1968. Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, he has collaborated with two other RSC Fellows at Memorial, Vit Bubenik, with whom he wrote Tense and aspect in Indo-European languages: Theory, typology, diachrony (1997) and From case to adposition: The development of configurational syntax in IE languages (2006), and Derek Nurse, with whom he wrote articles on verbal systems in Bantu, and prepared (in 2010), along with Sarah Rose, a website on Verbal Categories in Niger-Congo.
Jacqueline Lecarme received her Ph.D. at the University of Montreal in 1978. She is Director of Research at the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Center for Scientific Research) and a member of the Laboratoire de Linguistique Formelle (Université Paris-Diderot). With J. Guéron, she edited Time and modality (2008) and The syntax of time (2004). Among her works on nominal tense are Tense in nominals (2008), Nominal tense and evidentiality (2004), Nominal tense and tense theory (1999), and Tense in the nominal system: The Somali DP (1996).
Alessandro Lenci is Researcher in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Pisa. He received his Ph.D. in 1999 from the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa. He has been Visiting Scholar at Brandeis University, the University of Helsinki, and the International Computer Science Institute of the University of California, Berkeley. His works focus on computational lexical semantics and cognitive modeling, and include The semantic representation of non-quantificational habituals (1995), Aspects, adverbs and events: Habituality vs. perfectivity (with P. M. Bertinetto, 2000), and Computational models of event type classification in context (with A. Zarcone, 2008).
Jo-Wang Lin received his Ph.D. from University of Massachusetts at Amherst in 1996 and is currently Professor of Linguistics at National Chiao Tung University in Taiwan. His research interests are in the areas of syntax, semantics, and syntax-semantics interface. He has published papers on wh-phrase quantification, distributivity, (p. xxxiv) polarity items, tense and aspect, comparatives and comparative correlatives, with special focus on Mandarin Chinese.
Peter Ludlow is Professor in the Department of Philosophy, Northwestern University. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1985. He is author of Tensism and presentism (in preparation), Understanding temporal indexicals (2007), Tense (2006), Presentism, triviality, and the varieties of tensism (2004), Metaphysical austerity and the problems of temporal and modal anaphora (2001), Semantics, tense and time: An essay in the metaphysics of natural language (1999), and Semantics, tense, and time: On tenseless truth conditions for token-reflexive tensed sentences (1997).
Christian Mair holds a Chair in English Linguistics at the University of Freiburg in Germany. He has been involved in the compilation of several linguistic corpora (among them F-LOB and Frown, updates of the classic LOB and Brown corpora, and the Jamaican component of the International Corpus of English). His research over the past two decades has focused on the corpus-based description of modern English grammar and regional variation and ongoing change in standard Englishes worldwide (among the resulting monographs are Infinitival clauses in English: A study of syntax in discourse, 1990, and Twentieth-century English: History, variation, and standardization, 2006) and more than 60 contributions to scholarly journals and edited works.
Steve Nicolle received his D.Phil from the University of York (UK) in 1997 and has lived in Kenya since 1999, including eight years among the Digo community on the south coast. During this time, he has published various articles and book chapters on grammaticalization, tense/aspect/modality, pragmatics, translation, Bantu languages, and ethnobotany, and was co-author of a trilingual Digo-English-Swahili dictionary. He currently coordinates linguistic work in Africa for SIL International (see www.sil.org), teaches linguistics and translation at Africa International University (Nairobi), and works as a linguistics and translation consultant in Kenya, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and elsewhere in Africa.
Toshiyuki Ogihara is Associate Professor in Linguistics, University of Washington. He received his Ph.D. in 1989 from the University of Texas at Austin. He has published extensively on the tense and aspect systems of English and Japanese and the semantics of tense and aspect. His publications include Tense and aspect in truth-conditional semantics (2007), Adverbs of quantification and sequence of tense phenomena (2003), Double-access sentences generalized (1999), Tense, attitudes, and scope (1996), The semantics of tense in embedded clause (1995), Double-access sentences and reference to state (1995), and Adverbs of quantification and sequence-of-tense phenomena (1994).
Monika Rathert is Professor of German Linguistics and Director of the Center for Linguistics at Bergische Universität Wuppertal. Her research interests lie in morphosyntax, semantics, and the language of the law. Her books include Textures of time (Akademie, 2004), and Sprache und Recht (Winter, 2006). She has edited Perfect explorations (Mouton, 2003) together with Artemis Alexiadou and Arnim von (p. xxxv) Stechow; Formal linguistics and law (Mouton, 2009) together with Günther Grewendorf; Quantification, definiteness, and nominalization (Oxford, 2009) together with Anastasia Giannakidou; and Nominalizations across languages and frameworks (Mouton, 2010, two volumes) together with Artemis Alexiadou.
Kylie Richardson completed her M.A. in Slavic Linguistics at the University of Toronto in 1996 and her Ph.D. in Slavic Linguistics at Harvard University in 2003. After finishing her Ph.D. she immediately took a post as Lecturer in Slavonic Linguistics and Philology in the Department of Slavonic Languages and Literatures at the University of Cambridge, where she still remains. She is also a fellow at Trinity Hall. Her research interests include the syntax of the Slavic languages, aspect, and case. She has published articles on the links between case and aspect in Russian and in Ukrainian. Her book Case and aspect in Slavic was published by Oxford University Press in 2007.
Marie-Eve Ritz is Associate Professor in Linguistics at the University of Western Australia (UWA). She obtained her Ph.D. at the University of Paris-Sorbonne and her interest in the semantics and pragmatics of tense and aspect started with a post-doctoral fellowship at UWA. She has published papers on non-standard uses of the present perfect in Australian English and on the French passé composé. She is currently involved in a project examining tense, aspect, modality and evidentiality in Australian Aboriginal languages, which has led to a first publication on the future in Martuthunira. Work in progress includes analysis of past and perfect tenses in Panyjima.
Diana Santos finished her doctorate studies in the Instituto Superior Técnico (Lisbon) in 1996 with a thesis on tense and aspect in English and Portuguese, and became a SINTEF ICT researcher (Oslo, Norway) in 1998. Since then she has led Linguateca, an international resource network for the computational processing of the Portuguese language. Her main interests in computational linguistics are evaluation, semantics, translation, and corpus methodology. Her book Translation-based corpus studies: Contrasting Portuguese and English tense and aspect systems was published in 2004. She is now Associate Professor in the Department of Literature, Area Studies and European Languages at the University of Oslo.
Louis de Saussure received the Doctorat ès Lettres summa cum laude in Linguistics from the University of Geneva in 2000. He received the Prix Latsis (2005) and the Prix Charles Bally (2001) of the University of Geneva. He is Professeur ordinaire in the University of Neuchâtel, Faculty of Letters and Human Sciences (Chair of Linguistics and analysis of discourse). He has held several visiting professorships and post-docs. His many publications include Pragmatique temporelle des énoncés négatifs (2000), L’Imparfait de rupture: Point de vue (et images du monde) (with B. Sthioul, 1999), Quand le temps ne progresse pas avec le passé simple (2000), Temps et pertinence (2003), Pragmatique procédurale et discours (2005), Temps, description, interprétation (2006), and Maintenant: Présent cognitif et enrichissement pragmatique (2008).
Yael Sharvit is Professor of Linguistics in the Department of Linguistics, University of California, Lose Angeles. She received her Ph.D. from Rutgers University in 1997. (p. xxxvi) She is Associate Editor of the Journal of Semantics, and co-editor of the book series Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy (Springer). Among her publications related to tense are Embedded tense and universal grammar (2003), Aspects of the semantics of tense in Modern Hebrew (in Hebrew, 2008), The puzzle of free indirect discourse (2008), Infinitival superlatives: English vs. Modern Hebrew (2010), and Covaluation and unexpected BT [binding theory] effects (2011).
Mark Steedman is Professor in the School of Informatics at the University of Edinburgh and taught previously at the universities of Warwick and Pennsylvania. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh in 1973. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and the American Association for Artificial Intelligence. His research interests cover issues in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, computer science and cognitive science, including syntax and semantics of natural language, parsing and comprehension of natural language discourse by humans and by machine, using Combinatory Categorial Grammar. Much of his current natural language processing research concerns wide-coverage parsing for robust semantic interpretation and inference.
Bertrand Sthioul is Chargé d’enseignement in the School of French Language and Civilization of the University of Geneva (UNIGE). His research is focused on the semantics and pragmatics of tense and aspect. His numerous publications include Temps verbaux et point de vue (1998), Aspect et inférences (2000), Informations conceptuelle et procédurale: La piste beauzéenne (2007), and, with L. de Saussure, Interprétations cumulative et distributive du connecteur et: Temps, argumentation, séquencement (2002), Imparfait et enrichissement pragmatique (2005), and Formes et interprétations du passé surcomposé (to appear).
Tim Stowell is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California at Los Angeles and Dean of Humanities. He received his Ph.D. at MIT in 1981. His recent work has focused on the syntax of tense and the logic of temporal interpretation, and on the syntax of quantifiers and other determiners and the principles governing scope assignment and reference. Amongst his works are Where the past is in the perfect (2008), The English Konjunktiv II (2007), The syntactic expression of tense (2007), and Sequence of perfect (2007).
Henriëtte de Swart is Professor of French Linguistics and Semantics at Utrecht University (the Netherlands). She obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Groningen with a thesis entitled Adverbs of quantification: A generalized quantifier approach (1991). She works on topics in tense and aspect, negation, and indefinites. Her publications on tense and aspect include Meaning and use of not … until (Journal of Semantics, 1996), Aspect shift and coercion (NLLT, 1998), Aspectual implication of plural indefinites (2006), A cross-linguistic discourse analysis of the perfect (Journal of Pragmatics, 2007). She also wrote An introduction to natural language semantics (CSLI, 1998).
Henk Verkuyl is Emeritus Professor of Linguistics at Utrecht University. His main research interest has been the semantics of tense and aspect resulting in work including On the compositional nature of the aspects (1972), A theory of aspectuality (p. xxxvii) (1993), Aspectual issues (1998) and Binary tense (2008). He is also one of the authors hiding behind the pseudonym L.T.F. Gamut in Logic, language and meaning (1992).
Mila Vulchanova is Professor at the Department of Modern Languages, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim. She is an elected member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Science and Letters (DKNVS) since 2002. She received her Dr.artium in Theoretical Linguistics in 1996. Her thesis, Verb semantics, diathesis and aspect, addresses the intricate interface between verb argument structure, alternating verb realization patterns in the syntax, and aspectual categories. Her research interests fall in the following main categories: language and cognition, semantic representation, lexical semantics, the semantics/syntax interface, formal syntax, diachronic grammar, corpora and resources, and electronic resources for minority languages. She has published numerous research papers in a variety of journals.
Laura Wagner received her Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of Pennsylvania and is Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology, Ohio State University. Her work focuses on children’s acquisition of meaning, particularly the semantics of tense and aspect. Her publications include Aspectual influences on early tense interpretation (2001), Aspectual bootstrapping in language acquisition: Telicity and transitivity (2006), Children’s early productivity with verbal morphology (2009), I’ll never grow up: Continuity in aspectual representations (2009), and Acquisition of semantics (2010).
Donald Winford is Professor of Linguistics at Ohio State University. He received his D.Phil. from the University of York (England) in 1972. He has been Visiting Professor at the Netherlands Summer Institute, University of Utrecht, the Department of Linguistics and the Center for African and African-American Studies, University of Michigan, and the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine. His publications on tense and aspect in creoles include Tense and aspect in Sranan and the creole prototype (2000), A comparison of tense/aspect systems in Caribbean English creoles (2001), and The influence of Gbe languages on the tense/aspect systems of the Surinamese Creoles (2007). He has published extensively on language contact, including An introduction to contact linguistics (2003).