- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
This article describes the different types of temporal adverbial, interactions of adverbials and tense, and tense and adverbials in subordinate clauses. From a morphosyntactic view, there are six different types of temporal adverbial: an adverbial composed of a noun phrase (NP) and an adposition; an NP functioning as an adverbial; sentential; a temporal adverbial clause; and based on adverbs and adjectives, respectively. This morphosyntactic classification is not coextensive with a semantic classification. The article uses a fourfold semantic classification—positional adverbials, quantificational adverbials, adverbials of duration, and Extended-Now adverbials—that more or less follows the traditional ones (except for Extended-Now adverbials, which is a novel category).
Monika Rathert is Professor of German Linguistics and Director of the Center for Linguistics at Bergische Universität Wuppertal. Her research interests lie in morphosyntax, semantics, and the language of the law. Her books include Textures of time (Akademie, 2004), and Sprache und Recht (Winter, 2006). She has edited Perfect explorations (Mouton, 2003) together with Artemis Alexiadou and Arnim von Stechow; Formal linguistics and law (Mouton, 2009) together with Günther Grewendorf; Quantification, definiteness, and nominalization (Oxford, 2009) together with Anastasia Giannakidou; and Nominalizations across languages and frameworks (Mouton, 2010, two volumes) together with Artemis Alexiadou.
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