- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
Tense and aspect are used in at least two distinct ways in typological and semantic literature. In morphology, they refer to grammaticalized, obligatorily encoded distinctions that express temporal properties of situations. In semantics, tense and aspect refer to temporal properties that may or may not have a morphological reflex in a given language. This article deals with morphology and lays out the essential components of a morphologically grounded theory of tense and aspect. It looks at the key meanings in the tense/aspect domain and their formal expression, describes empirical generalizations about the ordering of tense/aspect markers in languages locating their source in semantic scope relations and diachronic change, and discusses the correlation between categorial form (inflectional vs. periphrastic) and categorial meaning observed in languages and its implications. Finally, the article illustrates morphological and semantic blocking as they figure in analyses of tense/aspect systems.
Ashwini Deo is Assistant Professor of Linguistics, Yale University. She received her Ph.D. from Stanford University in 2006. Among her publications related to morphology are Derivational morphology in inheritance-based lexica: Insights from Panini (2005) and Typological variation in the ergative morphology of Indo-Aryan languages (co-author, 2006). She is interested in how cross-linguistic variation in the morphological expression of tense-aspect categories, and the diachronic trajectories that these morphological exponents participate in, can shed light on their semantics.
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