- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
Traditionally, aspect and voice are regarded as grammatical categories of verbs. While aspect concerns the way in which the situation denoted by the verb unfolds and how this is represented in the sentence, voice is about the relationship between the participant roles that the verb encodes lexically and their overt realization in the syntax of the clause as argument nominal expressions. One of the most widely recognized definitions of aspect was proposed by Bernard Comrie (1976, 1985), according to which aspect is “a grammaticalization or expression of the internal temporal constituency of the situation.” This article adopts a broader definition of voice to include all (diathetic) alternations in the mapping of the verb's participant roles onto grammatical functions. Thus, voice is a category that “relates the participant roles associated with arguments [to] the grammatical functions of the noun phrases expressing these arguments.” The article also examines situation-type aspect and viewpoint aspect, aspectual values and canonical alternations, constraints on aspect construal in derived structures, tense and diathesis, and the source of aspectual and temporal values and constraints.
Mila Vulchanova is Professor at the Department of Modern Languages, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim. She is an elected member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Science and Letters (DKNVS) since 2002. She received her Dr.artium in Theoretical Linguistics in 1996. Her thesis, Verb semantics, diathesis and aspect, addresses the intricate interface between verb argument structure, alternating verb realization patterns in the syntax, and aspectual categories. Her research interests fall in the following main categories: language and cognition, semantic representation, lexical semantics, the semantics/syntax interface, formal syntax, diachronic grammar, corpora and resources, and electronic resources for minority languages. She has published numerous research papers in a variety of journals.
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