- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
Resultative constructions refer to clauses in which, in addition to the main verb (V), there is an additional, secondary predicate known as the result XP, predicating some state that comes about for some participant in the event as a result of the action described by the clause. Aspectually, one of the leading reasons resultatives have been so important in work on semantics and syntax is that they represent a type of covert “event composition”: the V and XP independently denote eventualities (a dynamic event for the V and a state or stative eventuality for the XP), but together represent a single, derived eventuality, with no overt indication of the nature of the composition. This article first explores various types of resultatives and then looks at the most common analysis of resultatives as derived lexical accomplishments denoting caused change-of-state. It also discusses two recent strands of work challenging this view. After considering temporal relations between the V and XP other than causation, the article focuses on the role of change and telicity in resultatives, along with work challenging their relevance.
John Beavers received his Ph.D. in Linguistics from Stanford University in 2006. He is currently Assistant Professor in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin. His primary research interests are in lexical semantics and syntax. His publications on lexical aspect, change-of-state, and event structure include Scalar complexity and the structure of events (2008), The structure of lexical meaning: Why semantics really matters (2010), On affectedness (2011), and Lexical aspect and multiple incremental themes (in press). He also has interests in argument realization and typology, and has published the article The typology of motion expressions revisited (2010, with Beth Levin and Shiao-Wei Tham), which includes an exploration of correlations between directed motion and resultative constructions.
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