- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
Habituality, as commonly conceived, presupposes a more or less regular iteration of an event, such that the resulting habit is regarded as a characterizing property of a given referent. The notion of habituality is thus strictly related to iterativity, although the two should not be confused. This article describes the respective features of habituality and iterativity, and places them in the framework of the broader notion of “verbal pluractionality” on the one side, and of “gnomic imperfectivity” on the other. Pluractionality covers a variety of phenomena, including event-internal pluractionality and event-external pluractionality. This article proposes a set of criteria to distinguish habituality from iterativity within event-external pluractionality, and shows that the distinction depends on aspect. It also considers habituals and other gnomic imperfectives, the logical structure of gnomic sentences, and the spelling out of the precise interpretation of the gnomic operator, and, finally, examines habituality in English and Slavic languages.
Pier Marco Bertinetto (born 1947) completed his studies at the University of Torino, where he taught History of the Italian Language (1975–1980). He became Full Professor of Linguistics at the University of Roma III (1980–81) and subsequently at Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (since fall 1981), where he directs the Linguistics Laboratory. He is a member of the Finnish Academy of Sciences and of Academia Europaea. He was President of Societas Linguistica Europaea in 2009. He is Editor-in-Chief of the Italian Journal of Linguistics /Rivista di Linguistica (1989–). His main interests are experimental phonetics and phonology, tense-aspect semantics, and typological linguistics.
Alessandro Lenci is Researcher in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Pisa. He received his Ph.D. in 1999 from the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa. He has been Visiting Scholar at Brandeis University, the University of Helsinki, and the International Computer Science Institute of the University of California, Berkeley. His works focus on computational lexical semantics and cognitive modeling, and include The semantic representation of non-quantificational habituals (1995), Aspects, adverbs and events: Habituality vs. perfectivity (with P. M. Bertinetto, 2000), and Computational models of event type classification in context (with A. Zarcone, 2008).
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.