- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
As a first approximation, sentences of natural language may be about two different sorts of things. On the one hand, they may talk about what is happening on some occasion or set of occasions. On the other, sentences can be used to talk about general states of affairs, not about particular things happening at some time and place. Two questions present themselves when we discuss “habitual aspect,” the first of which has to do with the content of the term “habitual.” The second has to do with whether habituality should be analyzed as an “aspect,” and if not, what the alternatives are. The first question is really a matter of usage. Few grammarians would think that habituality, in its grammatical sense, is solely confined to discussion of habits. The other question is whether habituality is properly regarded as an “aspect.” This article focuses on habitual and generic aspect, forms expressing habituality, forms across languages, the “circumstantial,” statives, and habituals and gnomic imperfectivity.
Greg Carlson (Ph.D., University of Massachusetts at Amherst, 1977) is Professor of Linguistics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences and Philosophy at the University of Rochester. He served as Editor-in-Chief at Linguistics and Philosophy (1992–97). His works include Patterns in the interpretation of generic sentences (2008), Generics, habituals and iteratives (with B. Spejewski, 2005), Generic passages (1997), Truth-conditions of generic sentences (1995), The semantic composition of English generic sentences (1988), Generic terms and generic sentences (1982), and Generics and atemporal when (1979). He co-edited The Generic Book (1995) with F. J. Pelletier.
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