- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
Situations may be conceptualized either as total, indivisible wholes, or by envisaging their internal constituency. The total view of situations takes into account the situations' boundaries, which are not conceptualized in the internal view of situations. These differences are ascribed to aspect, a multifaceted lexical and grammatical phenomenon with correlates at the level of discourse. It is mainly due to the complexity of these phenomena that no consensus on the kernel issues has yet been reached. This article examines grammatical aspect, with a primary focus on the distinction between perfectives and imperfectives in Slavic languages, partly in comparison with other European languages. It shows that the observed typological diversities can be accounted for in a straightforward way if the lexical and grammatical levels are kept apart consistently, and the layered structure of temporal phenomena is analyzed systematically. After discussing lexical aspect, the article describes aspectual derivation, internal versus external affixes, grammatical aspect, tense, temporal quantifiers, and verb prefixation.
Jadranka Gvozdanović is Ordinary Professor for Slavic Philology (Linguistics), and Acting Director of the Slavic Institute, in Heidelberg University. For her book Celtic and Slavic and the great migrations she won the AATSEEL Best Book in Slavic Linguistics Award (2010). She edited (with J.-Th. Janssen) The function of tense in text (1991), and wrote The verbal prefixes po- and pro- in Russian: Their meanings and uses (1992), Russian verbal prefixes and mere ‘resultative completion’ of the verbal event (1994), The tense system of Russian (1994), Western South Slavic tenses in a typological perspective (1995), Vid na različnyx urovnjax jazyka (2004), and Quantifizierende Adverbien und Typologie des Aspekts: Zur Mehrdimensionalität temporaler Kategorien (2006).
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