- Table of Symbols and Abbreviations
- About the Authors
- The Oxford Handbook of Tense and Aspect
- Philosophy of Language
- Narratology and Literary Linguistics
- Computational Linguistics
- Universals and Typology
- Discourse and Text
- Diachrony and Grammaticalization
- Language Contact
- Creole Languages
- Primary Language Acquisition
- Second Language Acquisition
- Remoteness Distinctions
- The Surcomposé Past Tense
- Bound Tenses
- Embedded Tenses
- Nominal Tense
- Lexical Aspect
- Verbal Aspect
- Perfective and Imperfective Aspect
- Progressive and Continuous Aspect
- Habitual and Generic Aspect
- Habituality, Pluractionality, and Imperfectivity
- Perfect Tense and Aspect
- Resultative Constructions
- Time in Sentences with Modal Verbs
- Evidentiality and Mirativity
Abstract and Keywords
Lexical aspect is a stock concept of natural language semantics that intersects with grammatical aspect, tense, adverbial modification, the syntax and semantics of quantification and various expressions of quantity, argument structure, and linking at the lexical semantics–syntax interface. It also plays a role in the temporal sequencing of discourse, and is a semantic category that concerns properties of eventualities expressed by verbs. In the most general terms, the properties in question have to do with the presence of some end, limit, or boundary in the lexical structure of certain classes of verbs and its lack in others. This basic division among verb meanings is best known as the telic/atelic distinction. Telic verbs express “an action tending toward a goal,” while atelic verbs describe situations that “are realized as soon as they begin.” This article deals with lexical aspect and grammatical aspect, aspectual class, and aspectual form, and also considers two other aspectually relevant concepts: change of state and temporal extent. Finally, it discusses the property of homogeneity as well as the subinterval property and indefinite change.
Hana Filip is a Professor of Semantics in the Department of Linguistics at Heinrich-Heine-Universität in Düsseldorf. She received her Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of California at Berkeley and held positions at the University of Rochester, Northwestern University, and Stanford University. She is author of Aspect (to appear), and Aspect, Eventuality Types and Noun Phrase Semantics (1999). Among her publications related to lexical aspect are: Aspectual class and aktionsart (2011), Telicity as a semantic parameter (co-author, 2006), The telicity parameter revisited (2004), Prefixes and the delimitation of events (2004), and Integrating telicity, aspect and NP semantics: The role of thematic structure (1997).
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